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Jyothisha - Eye of the Veda Purusha

Jyothisha - Eye of the Veda Purusha

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Published by Jayasree Saranathan
The source of Light that increases our intellect is none other than the Supreme God who is mediated upon in the Gayatri mantram. That God is Savitur, the Sun. The mechanism of how this deity of the Sun guides Creation, Sustenance and Destruction in these three worlds is understood from the Eye of Veda Purusha, the Jyothisha Sastra. How and why Jyothisha or astrology is regarded as the eye of the Veda Purush is analyzed in this article.
The source of Light that increases our intellect is none other than the Supreme God who is mediated upon in the Gayatri mantram. That God is Savitur, the Sun. The mechanism of how this deity of the Sun guides Creation, Sustenance and Destruction in these three worlds is understood from the Eye of Veda Purusha, the Jyothisha Sastra. How and why Jyothisha or astrology is regarded as the eye of the Veda Purush is analyzed in this article.

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Published by: Jayasree Saranathan on Nov 19, 2009
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Jyothisha – The Eye of the Veda Purusha!
Written by Jayasree saranathanPublished in the Astrological Magazine November 2009 issue
http://www.astrologicalmagazine.com/login.php
Jyothisha means “Knowledge of Light”. The source of Light that increases our intellect isnone other than the Supreme God who is mediated upon in the Gayathri mantram.That God isSavitur , the Sun.The Supreme God who is seen as the Source of Light permeates all the three worlds of Prithvi (earth), Antahriksham (atmosphere) and Dyaur loka (celestial sphere) with histhousand crores of rays.The Light of this deity (Bhargo devasya) is meditated upon so that He will guide us in theright direction.The mechanism of how this deity of the Sun guides Creation, Sustenance and Destructionin these three worlds is understood from the Eye of Veda purushan, the Jyothisha sastra!Vedas do not exist without the Vedangas.Vedanga is not complete without Jyothisha.TheVeda Purushanis personified in a form asChandah padoutu vedasya hastaha Kalpoudha pathyateJyothishmayanam Chakshushu Niruktam shrotra muchyateSikshaghranastu vedasya mukham Vyakaranam smrutamTasmat sanga madheetyeva Brahma loke maheeyate”Jyothisha is personified as “Chakshus”, the eye that helps to see the Light of Vedas.It is said ‘Sarvendriyaanaam Nayanam pradhanam’.Eye is the foremost sense organ that helps in grasping the real import of the things seen.The Jyothishic Eye aids in transcendencefrom Tamas to Jyothishthereby making theseeker realizeAmurtham by overcoming Mrityu.
 
The deity of Light – SaviturOrHow astrological principles evolved.
Every Vedic mantra speaks about the prevalence of Jyothi –the God of Light in someform encircling the Creation. The prayer is for deriving maximum benefits from thisJyothi – the ultimate benefit being – merger at His Lotus feet after overcoming the cycleof births.This deity is manifest as different sub-deities in different contexts. For instance, the veryfirst verse onSavitur is“AGNI I first invoke for our prosperity; I call on Mitra, Varuna, to aid us here.”(R-V- 1-35).The primary attribute noticed in Savitur, the Sun is theAgni. The heat of Agni is feltmost when the sun travels the part of the sky that is identified with the star Krittika.This attribute of Savitur, namely Agni is therefore a deity who is said to reign the part of the sky identified asKrittika. Therefore the star Krittika came to be ruled by the deitycalled Agni. From Krittika arises the term Karthari.Karthariis the time the Sun travels inKrittika, burning the world. From this arose theKarthari yoga,popularly known as‘Katthiri yoga’ of summer when the heat is unbearable.From this perception of heat felt by mankind, arose a set of rules for the sake of reducingthe hardship thus caused by the excess heat. TheKarthari-phalanis framed such that nowork on soil, wood and stones must be done during this period.“Mrut daru sila karmaani varjayet”.It is difficult to work with these things under the hot sun without jeopardizing one’shealth. Thus arose the Karthari rule of not doing any festivities that required setting upMantaps or work in the outside during this period so that people can avoid venturing outin the hot sun.In this way numerous other Jyothishic principles are formed by ‘seeing’ the Veda purushan and how he influences the worlds!Explanations and interpretations can be developed for all the Gods of the Vedas. For example, in the above quoted first verse on Savitur, the invocation is on 2 two other deities namelyMitra and Varuna.Mitra follows behind Agni. Mitra means friend.
 
If Agni becomes unbearable, Mitra following him from behind reduces the heat by thesub-deity in his charka, namely Varuna.Whenever heat crosses a limit, Mitra’s blessings come in the form of accumulation of clouds and attraction of monsoon rains.Even if the Agni is not severe, Mitra does his job of a Friend of Nature by attractingwater molecules. Every arghyam that is given at midday and every tarpanam that is givenat midday or any water particle that escapes into atmosphere from anywhere on earth atany time is absorbed by Mitra to be transferred to Varuna.This is not just an interpretative logic. This is made out inVaastu pada vinyasa!The Sun with his sub-ordinate deities praised in Veda mantrams are depicted as a charkain Vastu sastra. The primary depiction of the Sun god surrounded by 8 deities on 8directions is depicted as below. Varuna follows Mitra in the West. RudraPrithvIdhArA NApahMitraWSuryaBrahmasthaanAryamaEImdraVivasvAnSSavitAIt is not an exaggeration to say that almost all the Gods praised or worshiped in Vedamantrams are physically or symbolically identified with some entity in Jyothisha sastra.The deities of the Vedas are identified with some part of the sky and Suryan’s soujourn inthat part gives rise to certain ‘climate’ or varthamaana, which is extracted by the Vedicmantras for some benefit.

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