The deity of Light – SaviturOrHow astrological principles evolved.
Every Vedic mantra speaks about the prevalence of Jyothi –the God of Light in someform encircling the Creation. The prayer is for deriving maximum benefits from thisJyothi – the ultimate benefit being – merger at His Lotus feet after overcoming the cycleof births.This deity is manifest as different sub-deities in different contexts. For instance, the veryfirst verse onSavitur is“AGNI I first invoke for our prosperity; I call on Mitra, Varuna, to aid us here.”(R-V- 1-35).The primary attribute noticed in Savitur, the Sun is theAgni. The heat of Agni is feltmost when the sun travels the part of the sky that is identified with the star Krittika.This attribute of Savitur, namely Agni is therefore a deity who is said to reign the part of the sky identified asKrittika. Therefore the star Krittika came to be ruled by the deitycalled Agni. From Krittika arises the term Karthari.Karthariis the time the Sun travels inKrittika, burning the world. From this arose theKarthari yoga,popularly known as‘Katthiri yoga’ of summer when the heat is unbearable.From this perception of heat felt by mankind, arose a set of rules for the sake of reducingthe hardship thus caused by the excess heat. TheKarthari-phalanis framed such that nowork on soil, wood and stones must be done during this period.“Mrut daru sila karmaani varjayet”.It is difficult to work with these things under the hot sun without jeopardizing one’shealth. Thus arose the Karthari rule of not doing any festivities that required setting upMantaps or work in the outside during this period so that people can avoid venturing outin the hot sun.In this way numerous other Jyothishic principles are formed by ‘seeing’ the Veda purushan and how he influences the worlds!Explanations and interpretations can be developed for all the Gods of the Vedas. For example, in the above quoted first verse on Savitur, the invocation is on 2 two other deities namelyMitra and Varuna.Mitra follows behind Agni. Mitra means friend.