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Chapter 1 Introduction to Physics

Chapter 1 Introduction to Physics

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Published by sinar
Form 4
Form 4

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Published by: sinar on Mar 13, 2008
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Physics Module Form 4
Chapter 1 : Introduction To Physics
_________________________________________________________________________________________
CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS
1.1 Understanding Physics
By the end of this subtopic, you will be able to
\ue000Explain what physics is,
\ue000Recognise the physics in everyday objects and in natural phenomena.
What is physics ?
\ue000The word \u201cPhysics\u201d is originated from the Greek word \u201cphysikos\u201d.
\ue000Inphysics, we study natural phenomena and the properties of matter. The aim of physics is to
explain the fundamental nature of the universe by using the concept of physics.
\ue000Physics involves the conduct of studies and experiments to find anwers to the question \u2018Why?\u2019
and \u2018How?\u2019 in relation to the mysteries of the universe.
\ue000The majority of natural phenomena can be explained using the principles of physics, for example
;i)
We cannot see an object behind a wall because light travels in a straight line.
ii)
The image of the pencil formed by the mirror is due to the reflection of light.
Fields of study in physics
The scope of physics very wide. Knowledge of physics is grouped into different fields of study as
shown in figure 1.1.
1
Mechanical Energy

Fields of
study in
physics

Heat
- Studies the

influence of heat on
different types of
matter.

Electronics
- studies the use of
electronic devices in
v a rio u s fie ld s
Force and motion

- investigates the
action of force and
motion

Forces and pressure

- pressure, pressure in liquids, gas
pressure, atmospheric pressure,
Pascal\u2019s principle, Archimedes\u2019
principle, Bernoulli\u2019s principle.

Light
- explains the

different
phenomenon due
to light.

Waves

- understands the properties
of different types of waves
and their uses.

Electricity and
electromagnetism
- investigates the
interactions of electric
and magnetic fields.
Electricity and
electromagnetism
- investigates the
interactions of electric
and magnetic fields
Physics Module Form 4
Chapter 1 : Introduction To Physics
_________________________________________________________________________________________
1.2
PHYSICAL QUANTITIES
Base quantity
1 A physical quantity is\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026..
2. List examples of physical quantities in the box.
3.The value of the measurements consists of a numerical magnitude and a unit.
example :
the length of a metre rule is 250 cm
4. Physical quantities are categorized into base quantities and derived quantities.
5. Base quantities are physical quantities that cannot be defined in terms of other physical
quantities.
6. There are five base quantities ; length, mass, time, current andtemp erature
Base quantity
Symbol
S.I. Unit
Symbol for S.I. Unit
Length
Mass
Time
Current
Temperature
Derived quantities
2

The list of physical quantities :
1.\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.
2.\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.
3.\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.
4.\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.
5.\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.
6.\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.
7.\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.
8.\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.

battery
battery
physic
al
q u a n ti
numeric
al
m a g n itu
unit
Physics Module Form 4
Chapter 1 : Introduction To Physics
_________________________________________________________________________________________
1 A derived quantity is \u2026\u2026.\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026
\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026
2 Determine the derived unit for the following derived quantities.
Derived
quantity
Formula
Derived unit
Name of
derived unit
area
area = length x width
m xm=m2
\u2013
volume
volume = length x width x height
mx mx m =
m3
\u2013
density
volume
mass
ensity
d
=
\u2013
velocity
time
nt
displaceme
elocity
v
=
\u2013
momentum
momentum = mass x velocity
kg m s-1
\u2013
Acceleration
timevelocity
in
change
on
accelerati
=
\u2013
Force
force = mass x acceleration
kg m s-2
Newton (N)
pressure
area
force
pressure=
weight
weight = mass x gravitational
acceleration
work
work = force x displacement
power
time
work
power=
kinetic
energy
2
velocity
mass
K.E
\u00d7
\u00d7
=
2
1
potential
energy
P.E = mass x gravitational acceleration
x height
Kg ms-2
Joule (J)
charge
charge = current x time
Ampere second
(As)
Coulomb (C)
Standard Form
3

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im 12 and i want to be a theoretical physicist and befor anyone asks no i didnt get it of the big band theory.i want to learn physics at and early age so i can be just as good in the future is there anything i should know about physics that i might not descover on the internet or books?
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