retraction of the scapula
are described as translatory motions of the scapula
away from or toward the vertebral column, respectively
Upward and downward rotations
are rotatory motions that
tilt the glenoid fossa upward or downward, respectively
Upward and downward rotation
can also be describedby referencing movement of the
inferior angle away from the vertebral column(upward rotation) or movement of the inferior angle toward the vertebral column (downward rotation)
Stability of the scapula on the thorax is provided by the structures that maintain integrity of the linked AC and SC joints. The muscles that attach to both the thorax and scapula maintain contact between these surfaces while producing the movements of the scapula.
The ultimate function of scapular motion is to orient the glenoid fossa foroptimal contact with the maneuvering arm, to add range to elevation of the arm,and to provide a stable base for the controlled rolling and sliding of the articularsurface of the humeral head.
This occurs between the sternal end of the clavicle, themanubrium sterni, and the first costal cartilage.
Synovial double – plane joint.
This surrounds the joint and is attached to the margins of the articularsurfaces.
This flat fibrocartilaginous disc lies within the joint and dividesthe joint’s interior into two compartments. Its circumference is attached to theinterior of the capsule, but it is strongly attached to the superior margin of thearticular surface of the clavicle above and to the first costal cartilage below.
Following are the ligaments of the sternoclavicular joint:
1) Sternoclavicular (SC) Ligaments.2) Costoclavicular Ligament.3) Interclavicular Ligament.
The anterior & posterior SC ligaments reinforce the capsule.
The SC ligaments serve primarily to check anterior and posterior movement of the head of the clavicle.
The costoclavicular ligament is a strong ligament that runsfrom the junction of the first rib with the first costal cartilage to the inferiorsurface of the sternal end of the clavicle.
Costoclavicular ligament checkselevation of the clavicle.
Interclavicular ligament is present between the twoclavicles and
it presents excessive depression or downward glide of the clavicle.