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AP Bio Lab 7

AP Bio Lab 7

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Published by maxmax92007

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Published by: maxmax92007 on Nov 19, 2009
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AP Bio Lab 7: Fly LabMax Oltersdorf With Emma Horowitz and Erica LeeAP Bio with Michael Santos, 4
PeriodAP Bio Lab 711/13/2009 - 11/17/2009Part 1 with Emma HorowitzPart 2 with Erica LeeAP Bio with Michael Santos
Part 1: “Goodness Fit” The Fun way
Background:In order to do this lab, we, the experimenter, need to know the difference betweenhypothesis and null hypothesis. The difference, with examples pertaining to this lab,is as follows:Hypothesis:“Differences in measured ratios are not due to chance
(but perhaps do to faultyworkmanship).”What is the hypothesis? The hypothesis is what the experimenter believes and is attempting to test.Null Hypothesis:“If the Mars Co. M&M sorters are doing their job correctly, then there should be nodifference in M&M ratios between actual store-bought bags of M&Ms and what theMars Co. claims are the actual ratios and any differences found are due to chance.“What is the Null Hypothesis? The null hypothesis is a hypothesis that is the reverse of what we actually believe.At the end of the lab, we will either accept or reject the null hypothesis. If weaccept the null hypothesis then any differences we do see are by chance. If wereject the Null Hypothesis, then we will know that the differences are not due tochance but rather foul play. We will determine if this Null hypothesis is valid orviable.1
AP Bio Lab 7: Fly LabMax Oltersdorf With Emma Horowitz and Erica LeeAP Bio with Michael Santos, 4
PeriodBackground ContinuedChi Square:Chi-square
is a quantitative measure used to determine whether a relationshipexists between two categorical variables.Purpose:
 The purpose of this lab is to practice using chi square analysis with M&Mpersonal bags and distinguish between null hypothesis and hypothesis.Objectives :
 The first objective is to learn how to use deviation to determine theprobability of getting a defined percent away from expected data.
 The second objective is to determine the probability that the differencebetween the observed and expected values occur simply by chance.
 The third objective is to accept or reject the null hypothesis.Procedure:1.The experimenter should obtain a 1.69 Oz bag of regular M&Ms at his or herown expense.2.The experimenter separates the M&Ms into colors.3.The experimenter records the number of M&Ms for each color in Chart 7.2,Row 1.4.Calculate deviation, deviation squared, and chi square as outlined incalculations. Record in Chart 7.3.5.The null hypothesis now should be accepted or rejected. Refer to Chart 7.4 todecide whether to accept or reject it.*For flow grams, refer to working lab notebook, page 78*2
AP Bio Lab 7: Fly LabMax Oltersdorf With Emma Horowitz and Erica LeeAP Bio with Michael Santos, 4
PeriodData :Chart 7.1: Statistics from the Mars company on expected M&M colorChart 7.2: A ctual occurrences of M&M Color for class (Group data onrow 1) (All data in M&Ms)
BlueBrown176718124298313147311515139241710851145846816126812810987135913888131181079910871639101941228201411848141381212118812513127911152 Total1479510816714992
*See Calculations for calculations*3
Brown YellowRedBlueOrangeGreen

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