AP Bio Lab 7: Fly LabMax Oltersdorf With Emma Horowitz and Erica LeeAP Bio with Michael Santos, 4
PeriodBackground ContinuedChi Square:Chi-square
is a quantitative measure used to determine whether a relationshipexists between two categorical variables.Purpose:
The purpose of this lab is to practice using chi square analysis with M&Mpersonal bags and distinguish between null hypothesis and hypothesis.Objectives :
The first objective is to learn how to use deviation to determine theprobability of getting a defined percent away from expected data.
The second objective is to determine the probability that the differencebetween the observed and expected values occur simply by chance.
The third objective is to accept or reject the null hypothesis.Procedure:1.The experimenter should obtain a 1.69 Oz bag of regular M&Ms at his or herown expense.2.The experimenter separates the M&Ms into colors.3.The experimenter records the number of M&Ms for each color in Chart 7.2,Row 1.4.Calculate deviation, deviation squared, and chi square as outlined incalculations. Record in Chart 7.3.5.The null hypothesis now should be accepted or rejected. Refer to Chart 7.4 todecide whether to accept or reject it.*For flow grams, refer to working lab notebook, page 78*2