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JASMINE CULTIVATION

JASMINE CULTIVATION

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Lecture notes for Hort 281 students by Dr.S.Eswara Reddy
Lecture notes for Hort 281 students by Dr.S.Eswara Reddy

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Published by: Dr.Eswara Reddy Siddareddy on Nov 19, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/23/2013

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 JASMINE (
 Jasminum
 
species
) fam: OleaceaeDr.S.ESWARA REDDY 
 Jasmine is one of the most popular flowers. About 200 species of  Jasminum, both climbing and trailing or shrub, with erect habit are foundin temperate, tropical, and subtropical regions of the world. Severalspecies of Jasminum including many important cultivated ones are nativeof India. The commonly grown species are:
 Jasminum auriculatum
:Mullai/Pari Mullai
 J. grandiflorum
:Jathi Malli or pitchi also called Jaji.
 J. sambac
:Arabian Jasine or Mallipoo (Gundu Malli)
 J. brevilobium J. arborescens J. paniculatum J. primulinum J. humile
:Yellow flower sp.
 J. flexile J. pubescens J. calophyllum
:Very heavy and high yielding species notaffected by pests and diseases.Almost all species flower during summer and the rainy season. Thespecies
 J.pubescens
flowers during winter in Northern India.
 J.auriculatum
,
 J.grandiflorum
and
 J.sambac
are commonly important in India.
Importance:
Jasmine flowers are used for making garlands and are foradorning the hair of women. Some species of jasmine (
 J.grandiforum
,
 J.auriculatum
and
 J.samboc
) yield a very valuable oil which is used inperfumery industry. In the gardens the Jasmine (
 J. sambac
) is raised as a
 
dwarf growing shrub and a few species (
 J. grandiflorum, J. auriculatum
etc.) are grown as climbers over pergolas and arches.
Distribution:
In Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka the Jasmineparticularly, J. sambac are commercially cultivated for flowers.
Cultivation practices:Climate:
Jasmine are fairly hardy and drought resistant plants. In India itis grown nearly throughout the country both in the plains and in the hillsupto 10,000 ft (3333.3m)
Soil:
Jasmine comes up well in both heavy as well a light types of soil,well drained loamy soils, are, however, the best.
Varieties:
Mullai (Jasminum auriculatum)Parimullai is the best. It is high yielding and resistant to the gall mitecaused by Acerya Jasmine a serious pest of mullai. It has also a longflowering season of 9 to 10 months (from February to December). It is aclonal selection made from the local type clone 1 – long pointed bud at Tamilnadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
 Jathi Malli (Jassminum grandiflorum)
It is grown for its highly fragment flowers. The plants is ornamentalin appearance having long pendulous branches with dissected leave. It is
 
a heavy yielder and produces blooms practically throughout the year. There are two distinct types in Jathi Malli.One produces milky white flowers and the other with pinkcolouration on the outside. Pink tinged flowers are highly fragment. The triploid pink flowered variety is the best. It is high yielding andflowers for 10 months from March to December. It is a selection madefrom locally grown ‘diploid’ pink variety at Tamilnadu Agril. University.Coimbatore.Mallipoo or Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum sambac).It is a dwarf spreading bushy shrub with attractive grabrous leaves,produces white scented flowers in great perfusion in hot season. There arefour types in J. Sambac.1.Single flowered Arabian Jasmine (Single mohra)2.The semidouble types – Denthera malli3.The fully double small flower Arabian Jasmine Gunde Malli,Iruvatchi.4.The large double or Tuscan type Jasmine also called the GrandDuke of Tuscany – Boddu Malli.Gundu Malli and iruvatchi are preferred for commercial cultivation,whereas single mohra for home gardens.
Planting Material:
Jasmines are propagated through cuttings or bylayering.

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