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Key Issues in Developmental Psychology

Key Issues in Developmental Psychology

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Published by distant dreamer
developmental psychology
developmental psychology

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Published by: distant dreamer on Nov 19, 2009
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02/19/2015

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MPhil-ITERM PAPER 
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY-7106KEY ISSUES IN LIFE SPAN DEVELOPMENTBy Name: Mariyam AkramRoll No.: 0513-7-08Session: 2008-2010
DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGYGC UNIVERSITY, LAHORE
 
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CONTENT PAGESr. No.HeadingsPage No.
1Introduction32Key issues/Controversies in Human Development53Nature-Nurture Issue64Heredity-Environment Issue115Learning-Maturation Issue146Continuity-Discontinuity Issue177Normative-Idiographic Issue198Active-Passive Learning Issue219Specificity-Generality Issue2410Conclusion29References33
Introduction
 
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Psychology has been defined as a science of behavior. It has been divided intosubcategories namely: abnormal, evolutionary, clinical, cognitive, educational,environmental, experimental, humanistic, moral, forensic, neuropsychology, biopsychology, religion, social, child, positive, industrial, counseling, and developmental psychology. Developmental psychology is a science of human lifespan development. Itstudies how individuals change over time and that processes that create those changes.Basic importance of development psychology is study of life. Development refers to thechanges over time in the body and in the thinking or other behavior of a person that aredue both to biology and to experience. It studies intra and inter individual changes.Developmental psychologist study behavior at all phases of the life cycle.It is the largest branch of psychology, and contains a lot of books, writers,researchers and practicing psychologists. Human development is commonly described interms of periods or stages. The most widely used classification of eight developmental periods involve the following sequence: prenatal period (conception-birth), infancy(birth-2years), early childhood (2-6years), middle and late childhood (6-11years),adolescence (12-18years), early adulthood (19-35years), middle adulthood (36-60years)and late adulthood/old age (60-death).Five early scholars John Locke (focuses on child’s environment), Jean-JacquesRousseau (focuses on child’s cognitive development), Johann Gottfried von Herder (focuses on child’s socio-cultural context), Charles Darwin (focuses on evolutionaryorigins of behavior) and Stanley Hall (father of child psychology) offered theories of human behavior that are the direct ancestors of the major theoretical traditions found inthe child psychology today. The belief that the development of the child is related to the

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