): A word roughly meaning "gentleman," it is sometimes used for samurai, in particular in words such as
, meaning warrior or samurai).
) : An old term for a soldier popularized by Matsuo Basho in hisfamous haiku. Literally meaning a strong person.
: The Way of the Warrior (Such as loyalty to one’s master, self-discipline, bravery, honor, ethical behavior). The philosophy of Bushido is"freedom from fear." It meant that the Samurai transcended his fear of death. Itwas influenced by Confucianism, Zen Buddhism and Shinto. FromConfucianism it inherited filial fidelity and loyalty to one's lord. From ZenBuddhism it learned not to fear death and control one's body and mind. FromShinto, it learned to worship the emperor.
: Samurai's duty. "Duty" is a primary philosophy of the Samurai.
: Samurai's sensing danger. It is the ability of the samurai to sensedanger, trained into him from his youth by teachers that would sneak up on himuntil his senses were acutely developed.
: Ritual suicide. The only way out for a defeated samurai was death or ritual suicide. A samurai stabs a knife into his abdomen and literallydisembowels himself by cutting out his guts. After the samurai disembowelshimself another samurai, usually a kinsman or friend, slices his head off.
: Warrior pilgrimage. It was a samurai tradition, in which awarrior would become ronin and travel the land, fighting in duels to establish