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Mang May Tinh

Mang May Tinh



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Published by Le Anh Khoa

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Published by: Le Anh Khoa on Mar 14, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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H\u1eccC VI\u1ec6N C\u00d4NG NGH\u1ec6 B\u01afU CH\u00cdNH VI\u1ec4N TH\u00d4NG
-------\ue000 -------
S\u00c1CH H\u01af\u1edaNG D\u1eaaN H\u1eccC T\u1eacP
NG M\u00c1Y T\u00cdNH
Bi\u00ean so\u1ea1n : Ts. PH\u1ea0M TH\u1ebe QU\u1ebe
L\u01b0u h\u00e0nh n\u1ed9i b\u1ed9
H\u00c0 N\u1ed8I - 2006
M\u1ede \u0110\u1ea6U
T\u00e0i li\u1ec7u n\u00e0y ph\u1ee5c v\u1ee5 cho sinh vi\u00ean h\u1ec7\u0111\u00e0o\u0111\u1ea1i h\u1ecdc t\u1eeb xa h\u1ecdc t\u1eadp v\u00e0 nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u v\u1ec1 \u201cM\u1ea1ng
m\u00e1y t\u00ednh\u201d.
T\u00e0i li\u1ec7u g\u1ed3m c\u00e1c n\u1ed9i dung ch\u00ednh sau:
Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng I: Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u t\u1ed5ng quan v\u1ec1 m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh. Kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n v\u1ec1 ki\u1ebfn tr\u00fac v\u00e0 c\u00e1c
giao th\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ng, c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh v\u00e0 m\u1ee5c ti\u00eau\u1ee9ng d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee7a n\u00f3.

Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng II: Nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u c\u00e1c nguy\u00ean t\u1eafc c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n\u0111\u1ec3 thi\u1ebft k\u1ebf m\u1ed9t m\u00f4 h\u00ecnh giao th\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh theo quan\u0111i\u1ec3m chia c\u00e1c ti\u1ebfn tr\u00ecnh truy\u1ec1n th\u00f4ng th\u00e0nh c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac nhi\u1ec1u t\u1ea7ng,\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c x\u1ebfp ch\u1ed3ng l\u00ean nhau\u0111\u1ec3 th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n m\u1ed9t ti\u1ebfn tr\u00ecnh truy\u1ec1n th\u00f4ng ho\u00e0n ch\u1ec9nh. Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u m\u00f4 h\u00ecnh OSI,\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c xem nh\u01b0 l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t m\u00f4 h\u00ecnh chu\u1ea9n, m\u1ed9t chi\u1ebfn l\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n c\u00e1c h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng m\u1edf v\u00e0 m\u1ed9t khung kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m v\u1ec1 giao th\u1ee9c v\u00e0 d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5.

Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng III: Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 b\u1ed9 giao th\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ng mang t\u00ednh\u0111\u1eb7c tr\u01b0ng v\u00e0\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u00e1p d\u1ee5ng ph\u1ed5 bi\u1ebfn.\u0110\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t trong ch\u01b0\u01a1ng n\u00e0y t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u s\u00e2u h\u01a1n b\u1ed9 giao th\u1ee9c TCP/IP\u0111\u00e3 tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh chu\u1ea9n chung cho m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh to\u00e0n c\u1ea7u, m\u1ea1ng Internet.

Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng IV: Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng n\u00e0y gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u c\u00e1c c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 m\u1ea1ng c\u1ee5c b\u1ed9. Ki\u1ebfn tr\u00fac m\u1ea1ng c\u1ee5c b\u1ed9
Ethrnet, Virtual LAN, Local ATM , LAN ARCnet..

Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng V: Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u v\u1ec1 c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 v\u00e0 k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt m\u1ea1ng di\u1ec7n r\u1ed9ng WAN. C\u1ee5 th\u1ec3 xem x\u00e9t c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 c\u00e1c m\u1ea1ng t\u00edch h\u1ee3p s\u1ed1\u0111a d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5 ISDN v\u00e0 b\u0103ng r\u1ed9ng B-ISDN, Frame Relay v\u00e0 X25, d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5 SDMS v\u00e0 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng th\u1ee9c truy\u1ec1n d\u1eabn kh\u00f4ng\u0111\u1ed3ng b\u1ed9 ATM.

Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng VI: Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 m\u1edbi nh\u01b0 c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng d\u00e2y thu\u00ea bao s\u1ed1 DSL, c\u00e1c m\u1ea1ng chuy\u1ec3n m\u1ea1ch g\u00f3i chuy\u1ec3n t\u1ea3i ti\u1ebfng n\u00f3i tr\u00ean n\u1ec1n IP, ATM v\u00e0 Frame Raly. C\u00e1c c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 chuy\u1ec3n m\u1ea1ch nh\u00e3n\u0111a giao th\u1ee9c IP/MPLS, chuy\u1ec3n m\u1ea1ch m\u1ec1m Softswitch s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng trong m\u1ea1ng h\u1ed9i t\u1ee5 v\u00e0 m\u1ea1ng th\u1ebf h\u1ec7 sau NGN.

Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng VII:\u0110\u1ec1 c\u1eadp\u0111\u1ebfn m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 v\u1ea5n\u0111\u1ec1 b\u1ea3o v\u1ec7 th\u00f4ng tin tr\u00ean m\u1ea1ng. Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng n\u00e0y gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u c\u00e1ch ti\u1ebfp c\u1eadn c\u00e1c h\u1ec7 m\u1eadt m\u00e3, c\u00e1c giao th\u1ee9c b\u1ea3o m\u1eadt, m\u1ea1ng ri\u00eang\u1ea3o VPN v\u00e0 c\u00e1c gi\u1ea3i ph\u00e1p an to\u00e0n m\u1ea1ng, x\u00e1c th\u1ef1c\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed, c\u00e1c gi\u1ea3i ph\u00e1p ch\u1eef k\u00fd\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed, x\u00e1c minh ch\u1eef k\u00fd v\u00e0 t\u1eeb ch\u1ed1i ch\u1eef k\u00fd gi\u1ea3 m\u1ea1o..

T\u00e0i li\u1ec7u kh\u00f4ng ch\u1ec9 \u0111\u1ec1 c\u1eadp\u0111\u1ebfn nh\u1eefng v\u1ea5n\u0111\u1ec1 c\u01a1 s\u1edf l\u00fd lu\u1eadn m\u00e0 c\u00f2n tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 k\u1ef9 n\u0103ng, kinh nghi\u1ec7m c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft\u0111\u1ec3 thi\u1ebft k\u1ebf v\u00e0 c\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t c\u00e1c m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh. Hy v\u1ecdng s\u1ebd c\u00f3 \u00edch cho c\u00e1c b\u1ea1n h\u1ecdc sinh sinh vi\u00ean v\u00e0 nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi mu\u1ed1n x\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng c\u00e1c h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng tin h\u1ecdc\u1ee9ng d\u1ee5ng ph\u1ee5c v\u1ee5 cho s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t, qu\u1ea3n l\u00fd trong c\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p. C\u00f3 th\u1ec3 c\u00f2n nhi\u1ec1u thi\u1ebfu s\u00f3t trong tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y v\u00e0 bi\u00ean so\u1ea1n do kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng, tr\u00ecnh\u0111\u1ed9, nh\u01b0ng ng\u01b0\u1eddi bi\u00ean so\u1ea1n m\u1ea1nh d\u1ea1n gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u t\u00e0i li\u1ec7u n\u00e0y v\u00e0 mong nh\u1eadn\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ef1 g\u00f3p \u00fd c\u1ee7a b\u1ea1n\u0111\u1ecdc.

TS Ph\u1ea1m Th\u1ebf Qu\u1ebf
Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 1: Kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m v\u1ec1 m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh
CH\u01af\u01a0NG I: KH\u00c1I NI\u1ec6M V\u1ec0 M\u1ea0NG M\u00c1Y T\u00cdNH

N\u1ed9i dung c\u1ee7a ch\u01b0\u01a1ng s\u1ebd tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y c\u00e1c kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n c\u1ee7a m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh,\u0111\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, m\u1ee5c ti\u00eau v\u00e0\u1ee9ng d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee7a m\u1ea1ng, c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac v\u00e0 c\u00e1c th\u00e0nh ph\u1ea7n c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh. C\u00e1c th\u1ef1c th\u1ec3 tr\u00ean m\u1ea1ng c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 tham gia truy\u1ec1n th\u00f4ng v\u1edbi nhau c\u1ea7n tu\u00e2n theo t\u1eadp c\u00e1c ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m\u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a m\u1ea1ng,\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 chu\u1ea9n, hay c\u00f2n g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 t\u1eadp c\u00e1c giao th\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ng (Protocols). N\u1ed9i dung c\u1ee7a ch\u01b0\u01a1ng bao g\u1ed3m c\u00e1c ph\u1ea7n sau:

\u2022 \u0110 \u1ecbnh ngh\u0129am\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh
\u2022 M\u1ee5c ti\u00eau m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh.
\u2022 C\u00e1c d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5 m\u1ea1ng.
\u2022 C\u1ea5u tr\u00fac m\u1ea1ng (Topology)
\u2022 Kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m giao th\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh (Protocols)
\u2022 M\u1ea1ng LAN, MAN, WAN.
\u2022 M\u1ea1ng chuy\u1ec3n m\u1ea1ch k\u00eanh (Circuit switched Networks)
\u2022 M\u1ea1ng chuy\u1ec3n m\u1ea1ch g\u00f3i (Packet Switched Networks).
\u2022 C\u00e1c m\u00f4 h\u00ecnh x\u1eed l\u00fd d\u1eef li\u1ec7u

1.1.\u0110\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh
M\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh l\u00e0 t\u1eadp h\u1ee3p c\u00e1c m\u00e1y t\u00ednh\u0111\u01a1n l\u1ebb \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c k\u1ebft n\u1ed1i v\u1edbi nhau b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1c ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ti\u1ec7n
truy\u1ec1n v\u1eadt l\u00fd (Transmission Medium) v\u00e0 theo m\u1ed9t ki\u1ebfn tr\u00fac m\u1ea1ng x\u00e1c\u0111\u1ecbnh (Network Architecture).

M\u1ea1ng vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng c\u0169ng l\u00e0 m\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh. C\u00e1c node chuy\u1ec3n m\u1ea1ch l\u00e0 h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c k\u1ebft n\u1ed1i v\u1edbi nhau b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1c\u0111\u01b0\u1eddng truy\u1ec1n d\u1eabn v\u00e0 ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng truy\u1ec1n th\u00f4ng tu\u00e2n theo c\u00e1c chu\u1ea9n m\u00f4 h\u00ecnh tham chi\u1ebfu OSI. H\u00ecnh 1.2 m\u00f4 t\u1ea3 kh\u00e1i qu\u00e1t c\u00e1c th\u00e0nh ph\u1ea7n c\u1ee7a\u0111\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a.

C\u00e1c node m\u1ea1ng
H\u00ecnh 1.1 M\u1ea1ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh

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