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Table Of Contents

IRRATIONAL NUMBERS
4.3. The theorem of Pythagoras and its generalizations. We shall
CONGRUENCES AND RESIDUES
5.1. Highest common divisor and least common multiple. We have
5.6. Applications of Theorems 59 and 61 to trigonometrical sums
FERMAT'S THEOREM AND ITS CONSEQUENCES
6.6. Special cases of Theorem 79: Wilson's theorem. The two
6.7. Elementary properties of quadratic residues and non-residues
6.11. Gauss's lemma and the quadratic character of 2. Ifp is an odd
GENERAL PROPERTIES OF CONGRUENCES
APPROXIMATION OF IRRATIONALS BY RATIONALS
11.5. Algebraic and transcendental numbers. An algebraic number
11.7. Liouville's theorem and the construction of transcendental
11.8. The measure of the closest approximations to an arbitrary
11.9. Another theorem concerning the convergents to a continued
12.2. The rational integers, the Gaussian integers, and the integers
12.4. Application of Euclid's algorithm to the fundamental theorem
12.5. Historical remarks on Euclid's algorithm and the fundamen-
12.8. The fundamental theorem of arithmetic in k(i). Theorem 214
SOME DIOPHANTINE EQUATIONS
13.6. The expression of a rational as a sum of rational cubes
QUADRATIC FIELDS (1)
14.2. Algebraic numbers and integers; primitive polynomials. We
14.6. Fields in which the fundamental theorem is false. The funda-
QUADRATIC FIELDS (2)
15.5. Lucas's test for the primality of the Mersenne number M4n+3
15.6. General remarks on the arithmetic of quadratic fields. The
GENERATING FUNCTIONS OF ARITHMETICAL
17.6. The analytical interpretation of the Mobius formula. Suppose
THE ORDER OF MAGNITUDE OF ARITHMETICAL FUNCTIONS
20.1. Waring's problem: the numbers g(k) and G(k). Waring's
24.1. Introduction and restatement of the fundamental theorem
24.5. The best possible inequality for 42 +V2
25.10. Elliptic curves and Fermat's last theorem. Fermat's last the-
APPENDIX
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G. Hardy - An Introduction to the Theory of Numbers 6th ed.pdf

G. Hardy - An Introduction to the Theory of Numbers 6th ed.pdf

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Published by: Javier Sebastian Cortes on Jun 03, 2014
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