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Sigmund Freud biography

Sigmund Freud biography

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Published by: argatu on Mar 14, 2008
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Sigmund Freud's biography
1856
Sigmund Freud was born on
May 5, 1856
in Freiberg (Pribor), a rural townnear Ostrau in northeastern Moravia. His father Jakob Freud (1815-1896) was aJewish wool merchant from Galicia. Freud's mother Amalie Nathanson (1835-1930) was also Galician and Jakob Freud's second wife. Sigmund was the eldestson of eight children. There were two half-brothers of his father's first marriage,too.
1859
In October 1859 the Freud family moved to Vienna's "Leopoldstadt", or second district, where Sigmund Freud lived until June 1938.
1865
Sigmund Freud attended high school at "Leopoldstädter Communal-Real-und Obergymnasium" and took his "Matura" leaving exam in July 1873 (Vienna'ssecond district, Taborstrasse 24)
1873
Registration at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Vienna
1878
He changed his first name "Sigismund" to "Sigmund"
1881
In March 1881 Sigmund Freud obtained his doctorate in medicine. As earlyas from
1876
to
1882
he worked as a research assistant at the Institute of Physiology under Ernst Brücke, with neurology as his main focus.
From
1882
onwards he did his clinical practical at the "AllgemeinesKrankenhaus" and became acquainted with clinical neurology. At the departmentof Dr. Scholz Freud intensified his knowledge in the fields of clinical neurologyand neurological diagnosis.
1885
Habilitation for neuropathology
1885/86
One-year scholarship with Charcot at the "Salpetriere" in Paris
1886
On April 25 Freud opened up his first neurologist's office in Vienna,Rathausstrasse 7
1886
In September 1886 Freud married Hamburg-born Martha Bernays (1861-1951). The marriage was extremely happy and produced six children.
1887
Birth of his elder daughter Mathilde (1887-1978)
1889
Birth of his son Martin (1889-1967)
1889
Scholarship in Nancy, with Liébault and Bernheim: hypnosis studies.
Freud studied neurotic and psychotic behavior not evidently caused by organicdisorders.
Up to
1891
the Freud family lived in the so-called "Sühnhaus" in Vienna, MariaTheresienstrasse 8. Emperor Franz had this house built on the grounds of theformer "Ringtheater" destroyed by fire on December 8, 1881. In the course of thistragic event 386 people had been killed.
1891
Birth of Freud's son Oliver (1892-1970)
The Freud family moved to the house Berggasse 19 in the 9th Viennese Districtwhere they lived until 1938. Earlier Dr. Viktor Adler, the founder of Austria'sSocial Democracy, had lived in this flat.
1892
Birth of Freud's son Ernst (1892-1970)
1893
Birth of his daughter Sophie (1893-1920)
 
1895
Birth of Freud's daughter Anna, the sixth and last child (1895-1982)
1895
Publication of his studies on hysteria together with Josef Breuer 
1895-1898
Five journeys to Italy
1896
Freud called his new therapeutical treatment
psychoanalysis
. He worked onthis treatment's theory for forty years. For some time Freud was also the head of the neurological department of the "Erstes öffentliches Kinderkrankeninstitut"("First public childrens' hospital") under Prof. Kassowitz. In his book "Zur Auffassung der Aphasien" he criticized the localisation theory of contemporaryneuropsychiatry. His psychogenic standpoint in psychoanalytical theory wasmentioned for the first time.
1900
Publication of the book "Traumdeutung"/"The Interpretation of Dreams"establishing Freud's fame
1901
Publication of "Psychopathologie des Alltagslebens"/"Psychopathology of Everyday Life" in which Freud studied the meaning of certain disorders. Journeyto Rome.
1902
Freud is appointed associate professor of the Faculty of Medicine of theUniversity of Vienna. However, his psychotherapeutic ideas were developedoutside the university only. Freud dedicated his work extremely much time, heldtherapeutic sessions with patients (on his famous couch) up to 12 hours daily andwrote down his findings until three in the morning. Numerous lectures inGermany and Italy, participation in numerous psychoanalytical congresses inBudapest, The Hague and London.
1905
Publication of "Der Witz und seine Beziehung zum Unbewußten" und "DreiAbhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie".
1908
Founding of the "Viennese Association of Psychoanalysis" that haddeveloped from regular meetings with his followers. "First Congress of FreudianPsychology" in Salzburg.
1909
Guest lectures in the United States, University in Worcester, Massachusetts
1910
Founding of the "International Association of Psychoanalysis"
From
1912
onwards publication of the "Yearbook of Psychoanalysis"
From
1913
onwards publication of the "International Magazine for Psychoanalysis"
1917
Freud comes out with "Lectures introducing psychoanalysis"
1919
Publication of "The International Journal of Psychoanalysis"
1920
Sigmund Freud is finally appointed Professor of the University of Vienna.Publication of "Jenseits des Lustprinzips"/"Beyond the Pleasure Principle".
1923
Freud falls ill with palatine cancer 
1923
Publication of "Das Ich und das Es"/"The Ego and the Id"
1924
Freud is appointed "Citizen of Vienna" by the City of Vienna
1930
Sigmund Freud is awarded the Goethe Prize for Literature honoring his"clear and impeccable style". Publication of "Das Unbehagen in der Kultur"/"Civilization and its Discontents".
1938
On March 12 Austria is annexed by Germany. On March 13 the last meetingof the "Viennese Association of Psychoanalysis" takes place. On March 22Freud's daughter Anna is arrested by the Gestapo and held in custody for a day.Friends of Freud can finally convince the 80-year-old to leave Nazi-occupied

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