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003 - Fractions and Their Forms (Smt I)

# 003 - Fractions and Their Forms (Smt I)

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To write a fraction in a percent form
To write a fraction in a decimal form
To compare fractions
and its inverse
number into fractions
To change a mixed
To simplify fractions
To write a fraction in a percent form
To write a fraction in a decimal form
To compare fractions
and its inverse
number into fractions
To change a mixed
To simplify fractions

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09/23/2011

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The Meaning of Fraction
In our everyday life, sometimes we have to dividesomething into some equal parts. For instances:

A slice of bread divided into three equal parts,

A piece of paper cut into two equal parts,

An orange sliced into some equal parts,All situations above are related to fractions.Look at the picture below.Firstly, an orange is sliced into two equal parts. Eachpart is called
one over two
or
one-half
or
half
and it iswritten as
12
.Then, each of the two equal parts is divided into two
22..11
paper
pencil
ruler
Tools and Material :

percent

fraction

numerator

denumerator
decimal
Key Terms :

To write a fraction in apercent form

To write a fraction in adecimal form
To compare fractionsand its inversenumber into fractions
To change a mixed
To simplify fractions
To define

fractions
What are you going to learn?

Mathematics for Junior High School – Year 7/43

equal parts so that we obtain four equal parts. Each partof four equal parts is called
one over four
or
one-fourth
,written as
14
.
231214
The numbers , , and are examples of fractionnumbers, or fractions for short.A fraction is a number that can be written in the form of
ab
, where
a
and
b
are integers and
b

0, and
b
is not afactor of
a
. The number
a
is called the numerator,
b
iscalled the denominator. Why
b
cannot be zero?
14
For the fraction , 1 is the
numerator
, and 4 is the

denominator
.

23
For the fraction , 3 is the
numerator
, and 2 is the
denominator
.
Simplifying Fractions
Look at the shadowed parts of the bars on the left. Howmany parts are in each bar? How many parts areshadowed? Which fractions represent the shadowedparts?
Simple Fractions
12243648
,, , and have equal values. Of theseFractions
44/Student’s Book – Fractions

12
fractions, is the simplest form. A fraction is called
thesimplest form (simple fraction)
if the Greatest CommonFactor (
GCF)
of the numerator and the denominator is 1.You can write the simplest form of a fraction bydividing the numerator and the denominator with theGCF of the numerator and the denominator.
EXAMPLE 1
2028
Write in the simplest form.The GCF of 20 and 28 is 4.
Divide the numerator and thedenominator by 4.
75
2820
is .Therefore, the simplest form of fraction
Converting a Mixed Number into a Fraction
211
Two men rode horses. One rode for km., and theother covered a distance of
411
km.
413
211
The numbers and are called mixed numbers.A mixed number can also be written as a fraction form.Work out the following
Mini Lab.

Mathematics for Junior High School – Year 7/45