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LAC Magazine 01

LAC Magazine 01

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Published by Renarder

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Published by: Renarder on Nov 20, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/21/2010

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ﺔﻠﺠﻣ
ﰊﺮﻌﻟﺍ ﺲﻛﻮﻨﻴﻟ ﻊﻤﺘﳎ
ﺓﺮﳊﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﳌﺍﻥﻭﺆﺸﺑﻰﻨﻌﺗﺔﻠﺠﻣ٢٠٠٨ ﺮﻳﺎﻨﻳ ١ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ:ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍﻞﺧﺍﺩﻲﻓﺃﺮﻗﺇ
Virtualization ـﻟﺍﺔﻴﻨﻘﺗﻭ Xen *
ﺔﻴﺋﺎﺑﺮﻬﻜﻟﺍﺔﻗﺎﻄﻟﺍﺮﻴﻓﻮﺗ*ﺲﻛﻮﻨﻴﻟﻲﻓﻝﻮﻤﺤﻤﻠﻟ
Shell Scripting ﻝﺍﻰﻠﻋﻑﺮﻌﺗ *ﻦﻣﺔﻴﻃﺎﻴﺘﺣﺍﺔﺨﺴﻧﻞﻤﻋ *K/UBUNTU ﻰﻠﻋﺔﺘﺒﺜﳌﺍﺞﻣﺍﺮﺒﻟﺍ
٢٠٠٨ﻲﺑﺮﻌﻟﺍﺲﻛﻮﻨﻴﻟﻊﻤﺘﺔﻇﻮﻔﺤﻣﻕﻮﻘﳊﺍﻊﻴﻤﺟ
ﻊﻴﺿﺍﻮﳌﺍﻦﻣﺪﻳﺪﻌﻟﺍﻭ*ﻝﻭﻷﺡﺮﻄﺗﻲﺘﻟﺍﻭﺔﻳﺮﺼﳊﺍﺓﺮﻣ
http://www.linuxac.
org 
ﻙﺭﺎﺷ!!..ﺢﺑﺭﺍﻭ
ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺴﻣﻲﻓﺎﻨﻌﻣﺢﺑﺭﺍ*!!ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍGNOMEﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑﺡﺮﺷ*Phone Manager
ﻲﻜﻠﺴﻟﺍﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍﺩﺍﺪﻋﺍ*ﺲﻛﻮﻨﻴﻟﻲﻓ ﻲﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍﻭ
ﺪﻴﻔﻧ ﺪﻤﺣأ:فﻼﻐﻟاةرﻮﺻ
 
٢
٢٠٠٨ ﺮﻳﺎﻨﻳ ١ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ
ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻠﻛ
ﻢﻴﺣﺮﻟا ﻦﻤﺣﺮﻟا ﷲا ﻢﺴﺑو ﻢﻬﺘﻧﺎﻜﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺰﻳ ةﺪﺣاﻮﻟا ﺔﻣﻷا ءﺎﻨﺑأ ﻦﻴﺑ نوﺎﻌﺘﻟا و ﻞﺻاﻮﺘﻟا نإﻞﺘﺤﺗ "ةردﺎﺒﻤﻟا" ﺔﻤﻠﻛ نا ﺎﻤﻛ ،ﻢﻬﻨﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻦﻴﺑ ةﻮﺧﻹا ﺮﺻاوأ يﻮﻘﻳﻞﻤﻌﻟاو ،حﺎﺠﻨﻟا ﻖﻴﻘﺤﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺘﻴﻤﻫﻻ اﺬﻫ ﺎﻨﻤﻟﺎﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻌﺳاو ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣﺎﺌﻴﺷ ةﺎﻴﺤﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻫﺪﻤﻳ و ةردﺎﺒﻤﻟا هﺬﻫ رﻮﻠﺒﻳ يﺬﻟا ﻮﻫ قﻼﺨﻟا ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺠﻟاﻢﻟﺎﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺮﻴﻄﺗ ﺔﺷاﺮﻓ ﺢﺒﺼﺘﻟ ..ﻞﺸﻔﻟا ﺔﻘﻧﺮﺷ ﻦﻣ جﺮﺨﺗ ﻰﺘﺣ ، ﺎﺌﻴﺸﻓ.قﺮﺸﻤﻟا ﻢﻠﻌﻟاو حﺎﺠﻨﻟاﺔﻟوﺎﺤﻤﻛ ،ةﺪﺣاﻮﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟا ﺔﻣﻻا هﺬﻫ ءﺎﻨﺑا ﻢﻬﻟﻮﺣ ﻒﺘﻟاو ، صﺎﺨﺷﻻا ﺾﻌﺑ ﻦﻣ ةردﺎﺒﻤﻛ "ﻲﺑﺮﻌﻟا ﺲﻛﻮﻨﻴﻟ ﻊﻤﺘﺠﻣ " ﻖﻠﻄﻧا اﺬﻜﻫﻰﻠﻋ لاﻮﻃ تاﻮﻨﺴﻟ اﺮﺼﺘﻘﻣ ﻲﻘﺑ يﺬﻟا ﻢﻠﻌﻟا اﺬﻫ ﻲﻓ عﺪﺒﺗو ﻖﻠﻄﻨﺗ ﻲﻛ ، ﺔﻤﻠﻈﻤﻟا ﺎﻬﻧﻮﺠﺳ ﻦﻣ لﻮﻘﻌﻟا ﺮﻳﺮﺤﺗ و ،ﻊﻗاﻮﻟا ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺘﻟتﺎﻴﺴﻨﺠﻟا ﻞﻛ ﻪﻴﻓ تﺪﺸﺘﺣا ﻊﻤﺘﺠﻣ ﻲﻓ ،دﺎﺤﺗﻻا و ﻲﺧﺂﺘﻟا اﺬﻫ لﻮﺼﺤﻣو "ةردﺎﺒﻤﻟا" هﺬﻫ رﺎﻤﺛ ىﺮﻧ نﻵا ﻦﺤﻧ ﺎﻫو . ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻐﻟا لوﺪﻟاﻢﻬﻟﺎﻤﻋا نوﺮﻄﺴﻳ ﻢﻫو ، ﻢﻬﻧاﻮﺧا ﻊﻴﻤﺠﻟ ةﺪﻋﺎﺴﻤﻟاو نﻮﻌﻟا ﺪﻳ نوﺪﻤﻳو ،ﻢﻬﻨﻴﺑ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ نﻮﻧوﺎﻌﺘﻳ ،ءاﻮﺳ ﺪﺣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟا ﺮﻴﻏو ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟا:ﻦﻴﻠﺋﺎﻗ ﻢﻠﻌﻟا تﻼﺴﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻢﻬﻤﻠﻋ دﺎﺠﻣا نوﺮﻔﺤﻳو ، ﺦﻳرﺎﺘﻟا بﺎﺘﻛ ﻲﻓ!ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺘﻟا ﻊﻨﺻ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻦﻳردﺎﻗ ﻦﺤﻧ ،ﻢﻌﻧﺮﻬﻇ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻟ قدﺎﺻ ءﺎﻋد ىﻮﺳ ﻞﺑﺎﻘﻣ يأ ﻪﺒﺗﺎﻛ ﻮﺟﺮﻳ ﻢﻟ ،ﺎﻌﻓﺎﻧ ﺎﻤﻠﻋو ، ﺎﻌﻃﺎﺳ ارﻮﻧ ،لاﺰﻳ ﻻو مﺪﻗ ﻲﺑﺮﻌﻟا ﺲﻛﻮﻨﻴﻟ ﻊﻤﺘﺠﻣ نإ،مﻼﻈﻟاو ﻞﻬﺠﻟا نﻮﺠﺳ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻫﺮﺳا ﻚﻓ و ﺎﻫدﻮﻴﻗ ﻦﻣ لﻮﻘﻌﻟا ﺮﻳﺮﺤﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻨﻠﻤﻋ .ﻦﻳﺪﻟا مﻮﻳ ﻰﻟا ﺎﻬﺑ ﻊﻔﺘﻨﻳ ﺔﻳرﺎﺟ ﺔﻗﺪﺻو ،ﺐﻴﻐﻟاﺔﻳﺮﺤﻠﻟ ﻢﻌﻧ ﺎﻣود ﺎﻧرﺎﻌﺷ نﺎﻛو ،تﺎﻴﺠﻣﺮﺒﻟا و ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺘﻟا ﺔﻤﻈﻧاو تﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟا ﺔﻴﻨﻘﺗ لﺎﺠﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻊﻓﺎﻨﻟا ﻞﻳﺪﺒﻟا ﻲﺑﺮﻌﻟا ﺎﻨﻤﻟﺎﻌﻟ ﺎﻨﻣﺪﻗوﻊﻴﺿاﻮﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﻢﻬﻠﺜﻣو ،فﻻآ ﺔﺴﻤﺨﻟا ءﺎﻫز اﻮﻐﻠﺑ ﺪﻗو ﺎﻧؤﺎﻀﻋاو نﻵا ﻦﺤﻧ ﺎﻫو .!رﺎﻜﺘﺣﻼﻟ ﻻو ، ﻞﻬﺠﻠﻟ ﻻ ،ﻊﻓﺎﻨﻟا ﻢﻠﻌﻠﻟ ﻢﻌﻧ ،اﺬﻫ داﺮﻓا ﻦﻣ دﺮﻓ ﻞﻛ ﻪﻟﺬﺑ يﺬﻟا ﺮﻴﺒﻜﻟا ﺪﻬﺠﻟاو ،بوؤﺪﻟا ﻞﻤﻌﻟا ﻦﻣ ، ﻊﻴﺑﺎﺳا ﺔﻌﻀﺑو ﺔﻠﻣﺎﻛ ﺔﻨﺳ يﻮﻄﻧ ، لﻮﻠﺤﻟاو تﺎﻌﺟاﺮﻤﻟاو.ﻲﺑﺮﻌﻟا ﻊﻤﺘﺠﻤﻟاﺚﺤﻟ ىﺮﺧأ ﺔﺒﺳﺎﻨﻣو ، تاردﺎﺒﻤﻟا ﺾﻌﺒﻟ ﺮﻳﺪﻘﺘﻟاو ﺔﻴﺤﺘﻟا ﻢﻳﺪﻘﺘﻟ ﺔﺒﺳﺎﻨﻣ هﺬﻫ ، ﻦﻤﻴﻟا ﻰﻟا مﺎﺸﻟا ﻦﻣو ،ﻂﻴﺤﻤﻟا ﻰﻟا ﺞﻴﻠﺨﻟا ﻦﻣﻦﻣ ﺦﻳرﺎﺘﻟا ﻊﻨﺼﻨﻠﻓ .... ﺪﻴﺑ اﺪﻳو ،ﺪﻴﺠﻤﻟا ﺎﻨﺨﻳرﺎﺗ ءﺎﻴﺣا ﺪﻴﻌﻧ ﺎﻨﻠﻌﻟ ،رﺎﻫدزﻻاو مﺪﻘﺘﻟا ﺐﻛﺮﻟ مﺎﻤﻀﻧﻻاو ،ةردﺎﺒﻤﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﻦﻳﺮﺧﻵا.ﺪﻳﺪﺟ
 ﺮﻳﺮﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﺲﻴﺋﺭ
 
٢٠٠٨ ﺮﻳﺎﻨﻳ ١ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ
٣
K/Ubuntu ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺘﺒﺜﳌﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﺮﺒﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻃﺎﻴﺘﺣﺍ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﻞﻤﻋ
ﻱﺮﻤﺸﻟﺍ ﻲﻠﻋ : ﺐﺗﺎﻜﻠﻟ
ﺔﻟﻮﻬﺳ ﻦﻣ هﺮﻓﻮﺗ ﺎﻤﻟ ﺎﻨﻳدﺎﻳا ﻲﻓ ﺎﻌﺋار ﺎﺣﻼﺳ (...Synaptic, Adept, Aptitue, etc) ﺎﻬﻟ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﻴﻣﻮﺳﺮﻟا ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟاو apt-get ةادﻻا ﻞﺜﻤﺗsource) ﻲﺠﻣﺮﺒﻟا رﺪﺼﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا ﺐﻴﻛﺮﺗو (dependencies) تﺎﻣﺰﻠﺘﺴﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﻖﻠﻘﻟا ﻰﻟا ﺔﺟﺎﺤﻟا نود ﺎﻬﺘﻴﺒﺜﺗو ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا ﻰﻟا لﻮﺻﻮﻟا.(code؟مﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ ةدﺎﻋا ﻰﻟا ترﺮﻄﺿا لﺎﺣ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﺔﻴﻃﺎﻴﺘﺣا ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﺬﺧا ﻲﻨﻨﻜﻤﻳ ﻞﻫ :ﺎﻣﻮﻳ ﺖﻠﺋﺎﺴﺗ ﻞﻫ ﻦﻜﻟوﺔﻴﻣﻮﺳﺮﻟا تﺎﻬﺟاﻮﻟا ﺪﺣا وا) apt-get ةادﻻا ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ ﺎﻬﺒﻴﻛﺮﺗ ﻢﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻃﺎﻴﺘﺣا ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﺬﺧا ﻚﻨﻜﻤﻳ .ﻢﻌﻧ :ﻮﻫ ﺔﻠﺌﺳﻻا ﻰﻠﻋ باﻮﺠﻟا.APTonCD ﺎﻬﻤﺳا ةادا ﺮﺒﻋ ﺮﺴﻳو ﺔﻟﻮﻬﺳ ﻞﻜﺑ (ﺎﻬﻟ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻟا
ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ
ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ ﺎﻬﻠﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻢﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا ﻊﻴﻤﺠﻟ ﺔﻴﻃﺎﻴﺘﺣا ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﺬﺧا ﻲﻓ كﺪﻋﺎﺴﻳ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻮﻫ APTonCDوا CD ﻰﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻟا اﺬﻫ ﺦﺴﻧ ﻊﻴﻄﺘﺴﺗ ﺚﻴﺤﺑ ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا هﺬﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ يﻮﺘﺤﻳ iso ﻒﻠﻣ ءﺎﺸﻧﺎﺑ مﻮﻘﻳو ،APT.DVD
ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺰﻴﻣ
 /var/cache/apt/archives/ :ﻞﻴﻟﺪﻟا ﻲﻓ ةدﻮﺟﻮﻤﻟا (packages) مﺰﺤﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻃﺎﻴﺘﺣا ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﻞﻤﻌﻳنا ﻚﻨﻜﻤﻳ ﻪﻠﻀﻔﺑ DVD وا CD ﻰﻠﻋ ﺦﺴﻨﻠﻟ ﻞﺑﺎﻗ iso ﻒﻠﻣ ءﻲﺸﻨﻳ ﺔﻠﻣﺎﻛ ﻮﺘﻧﻮﺑوا تﺎﻋدﻮﺘﺴﻣ ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗو ﺦﺴﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ردﺎﻗ.ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧا ﻰﻟا ﺔﺟﺎﺤﻟا نود ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ (ﻪﻟ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﻴﻣﻮﺳﺮﻟا ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا وا) apt-get ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﻊﻴﻄﺴﺘﺳ ذا ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻا ﻦﻋ ﻲﻨﻐﺘﺴﺗ
ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﺐﻴﻛﺮﺗ
:ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﻂﺑاﺮﻟا لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ثﺪﺣا ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻚﻨﻜﻤـﻳhttp://aptoncd.sourceforge.net:ﻲﺗﻻﺎﻛ ﻪﺒﻴﻛﺮﺘﺑ ﻢﻗ ،ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﺪﻌﺑ
[root@linuxac:~]# dpkg -i aptoncd_version.deb
ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻧ ﺮﻬﻈﺗ ءﺎﻄﺧﻻا هﺬﻫو ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﺐﻴﻛﺮﺗ ﺔﻟوﺎﺤﻣ ﺪﻨﻋ ءﺎﻄﺧﻻا ﺾﻌﺑ ﺮﻬﻈﺗ ﺪﻗ :ﺔﻈﺣﻼﻣﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺮﻣﻻا ﺬﻔﻧ ،ﺎﻫرﻮﻬﻇ لﺎﺣ ﻲﻓ ،ﺎﻬﺟﺎﺘﺤﻳ ﻲﺘﻟا (dependencies) تﺎﻣﺰﻠﺘﺴﻤﻟا ﺺﻘﻧ.(ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧا دﻮﺟو ﻰﻟا جﺎﺘﺤﺘﺳ) ﺺﻗﺎﻧ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻣ ﺐﻴﻛﺮﺗ لﺎﻤﻛﻻ
[root@linuxac:~]# apt-get -f install[root@linuxac:~]# dpkg -i aptoncd_version.deb
ﺔﻴﻃﺎﻴﺘﺣﺍ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﺬﺧﺍ
:ﻰﻟا بﺎﻫﺬﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻣا ﻪﻠﻴﻐﺸﺘﺑ ﻢﻗ ،ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﺐﻴﻛﺮﺗ ﻦﻣ ءﺎﻬﺘﻧﻻا ﺪﻌﺑSystem -> Administration -> AptonCD. (aptoncd) ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻢﺳا ﺔﺑﺎﺘﻜﺑ ﻚﻟذو ﺮﻣاوﻻا ﺮﻄﺳ ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ وا

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