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InternationalShippingandWorldTrade-factsandfigures

InternationalShippingandWorldTrade-factsandfigures

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Published by: azd1973 on Nov 21, 2009
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10/13/2010

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IIMMOOLLiibbrraarryySSeerrvviicceess 
External Relations Office
 
International Shipping and World Trade
Facts and figures
 
Compiled by the IMO Library Services
 
(Last update: 21 February 2006)© Copyright IMO, 2005
 
Disclaimer: This is not an official IMO publication; the information contained here originates fromvarious sources which the IMO Library has no way of verifying. IMO and the IMO Library Servicesaccept no responsibility for its accuracy.
 
 2
This document has been put together by the IMO Library Services inorder to provide researchers with a broad overview of the safe and friendlybusiness of shipping. It is not exhaustive nor does it purport to depict a completepicture of the various ramifications of the shipping industry. It may be updatedand expanded at a later date. The information is largely based on thebackground paper issued for World Maritime Day 2005, the work of the RoundTable of International Shipping Associations, the annual Review of MaritimeTransport published the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development(UNCTAD) and other sources listed at the end of the document. It is alsoavailable on the UN Atlas of the Oceans website at http://www.oceansatlas.org.N.B. The original sources of statistical information should always be cited and notattributed to IMO unless IMO is specifically listed as being the originator.
 
 3
Contents
o
 
Introduction .................................................................................4
 
o
 
Globalization and international trade .............................................4
 
o
 
Shipping and the global economy ...................................................5
 
o
 
The world fleet and modern ships ..................................................7
 
o
 
World trading fleet .......................................................................8
 
o
 
General Cargo Vessels
..............................................................................................11
 
o
 
Tankers
..................................................................................................................11
 
o
 
Bulk carriers
............................................................................................................11
 
o
 
Passenger ships
.......................................................................................................12
 
o
 
Containerships
........................................................................................................12
 
o
 
Safety and sustainability .............................................................12
 
o
 
Safety and security .....................................................................13
 
o
 
Piracy and armed robbery ...........................................................15
 
o
 
Shipping and the environment .....................................................16
 
o
 
Shipping and sustainable development ........................................18
 
o
 
Seafarers today ..........................................................................19
 
o
 
The work of the International Maritime Organization IMO .............19
 
o
 
The public image of shipping .......................................................22
 
o
 
The challenges ahead ..................................................................22
 
o
 
Sources of Information ...............................................................23List of tables
o
 
Growth in world seaborne trade ..........................................................................................5
o
 
World seaborne trade by country groups (percentage share of tonnage) ..................................6
o
 
World seaborne trade in ton-miles, selected years (billions of ton-miles) ..................................6
o
 
Estimates of total freight cost in world trade ........................................................................7
o
 
World trading fleet by ship types .........................................................................................8
o
 
Different sectors as percentage of total number of ships ........................................................8
o
 
Age distribution ................................................................................................................9
o
 
Calls by region ..................................................................................................................9
o
 
Top twenty maritime countries .........................................................................................10
o
 
Top twenty largest shipping flags ......................................................................................10
o
 
World Container fleet .......................................................................................................12
o
 
Ships total losses by number ............................................................................................13
o
 
Loss of ships subject to IMO Conventions ...........................................................................14
o
 
Lives lost .......................................................................................................................15
o
 
Estimated total number of passengers and seafarers ...........................................................15
o
 
Number of ships and lives lost due to piracy and armed robbery ...........................................16
o
 
Shipping and the environment ..........................................................................................16
o
 
Ratio of oil (cargo and bunkers) discharged into the sea to total quantities carried by sea ........17
o
 
Quantity of oil spilled (tonnes) ..........................................................................................17
o
 
Comparison of CO
2
emissions between different transport modes ..........................................18
o
 
Supply of seafarers by area of domicile ..............................................................................19

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