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Space Study Guide Completed

Space Study Guide Completed

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Published by brittanyjguy

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Published by: brittanyjguy on Nov 21, 2009
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11/20/2009

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Name: __________________________________________ Class: ____________________ Earth, Moon, and Sun Unit Study Guide1.
_ROTATION_
means to spin in place on an axis.2.
REVOLUTION
means to make an orbit around an object in space.3.As we see less and less of the sunlight on the moon at night, the lunar phaseis
_WANING
.4.As we see more and more of the sunlight on the moon at night, the lunarphase is
_WAXING__.
5.Name the four seasons.
SUMMER, AUTUMN, WINTER, SPRING
6.What causes the four seasons we experience?
THE TILT OF EARTH ON ITS AXIS
7.Explain the movement of the Earth and moon.
THE MOON REVOLVES AROUND THE EARTH
8.Explain the movement of the Earth and the Sun.
THE EARTH ROTATES ON ITS AXIS AS IT REVOLVES AROUND THE SUN
9.Scientists believe the sun is about
__4.6 BILLION__
years old.10. About
_A MILLION_
Earths could fit inside the Sun.
 
11. On average, the Sun and Earth are about
_93_
million miles apart.12. In
_SUMMER_,
the Earth’s axis is pointed towards the Sun.13. In
_WINTER__,
the Earth’s axis is pointed away from the Sun.14. The first day of summer is called the
SUMMER SOLSTICE_
 _.15. The first day of winter is called the
WINTER SOLSTICE___.
16. When spring arrives, the axis is not pointed towards the sun or away fromthe sun. We call this point the vernal _ 
EQUINOX_
 _.17. As fall approaches, the Earth’s axis is again not towards or away from thesun. It is called the
__AUTUMNAL__
equinox.18. Name all eight phases of the moon in order.
NEW MOON, WAXING CRESCENT, 1
ST
QUARTER, WAXING GIBBOUS,FULL MOON, WANING GIBBOUS, 3
RD
QUARTER, WANING CRESCENT
19. People used to believe that the _ 
EARTH_
 _ was the center of our universeand not the
_SUN_,
which we now know is true.20.This theory was called the
_GEOCENTRIC___
theory, which meant Earth-centered.21. This was the original idea of 
_ARISTOTLE__,
who was a Greek philosopherwho lived from 384 to 322 BC.22. Then, in 1473,
__COPERNICUS___
was born. He believed that the Earth andother planets moved around the Sun.

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