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Indonesia - Mapping Digital Media

Indonesia - Mapping Digital Media

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Published by OSFJournalism
The emergence of digital media in Indonesia coincided with the country’s transition to democracy beginning in 1998. In some ways, digitization has catalyzed the development of diverse and independent media.

Market reforms in favor of liberalization have gone hand in hand with convergence and proliferation to produce a radical increase in the number of media outlets. The number of national television channels has doubled since 1998; commercial radio stations have tripled; and the number of print newspapers has more than quadrupled. This has occurred alongside and in tandem with a rapidly growing online news sector populated by a mixed ecology of established brands and new entrants.

In other ways, however, digitization has merely helped to shift the locus of concentrated power from the state to an increasingly consolidated media elite. Despite the growing number of outlets, new entrants in conventional sectors have been rare and have been hampered by policies that have tended to favor commercial incumbents.
The emergence of digital media in Indonesia coincided with the country’s transition to democracy beginning in 1998. In some ways, digitization has catalyzed the development of diverse and independent media.

Market reforms in favor of liberalization have gone hand in hand with convergence and proliferation to produce a radical increase in the number of media outlets. The number of national television channels has doubled since 1998; commercial radio stations have tripled; and the number of print newspapers has more than quadrupled. This has occurred alongside and in tandem with a rapidly growing online news sector populated by a mixed ecology of established brands and new entrants.

In other ways, however, digitization has merely helped to shift the locus of concentrated power from the state to an increasingly consolidated media elite. Despite the growing number of outlets, new entrants in conventional sectors have been rare and have been hampered by policies that have tended to favor commercial incumbents.

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Published by: OSFJournalism on Jun 05, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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11/10/2014

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COUNTRY REPORT 
MAPPING DIGITAL MEDIA:
INDONESIA
 
Mapping Digital Media:Indonesia 
A REPORT BY THE OPEN SOCIETY FOUNDATIONS
WRITTEN BY
Kuskridho Ambardi (lead reporter)Gilang Parahita, Lisa Lindawati, Adam Sukarno, Nella Aprilia (reporters)
EDITED BY
Marius Dragomir and Mark Thompson (Open Society Media Program editors)Graham Watts (regional editor)
EDITORIAL COMMISSION
Yuen-Ying Chan, Christian S. Nissen, Dusˇan Reljic´, Russell Southwood, Damian TambiniThe Editorial Commission is an advisory body. Its members are not responsible for the information or assessments contained in the Mapping Digital Media texts
OPEN SOCIETY MEDIA PROGRAM TEAM
Meijinder Kaur, program assistant; Stewart Chisholm, associate director
OPEN SOCIETY INFORMATION PROGRAM TEAM
Vera Franz, senior program manager; Darius Cuplinskas, director
13 January 2014
 
MAPPING DIGITAL MEDIA INDONESIA2
Contents
Mapping Digital Media ..................................................................................................................... 4Executive Summary ........................................................................................................................... 6Context ............................................................................................................................................. 10Social Indicators ................................................................................................................................ 11Economic Indicators ......................................................................................................................... 131. Media Consumption: Te Digital Factor ................................................................................... 14 1.1 Digital ake-up ................................................................................................................. 14 1.2 Media Preferences ............................................................................................................. 17 1.3 News Providers ................................................................................................................. 21 1.4 Assessments ...................................................................................................................... 252. Digital Media and Public or State-administered Broadcasters .................................................... 26 2.1 Public Service and State Institutions ................................................................................. 26 2.2 Public Service Provision .................................................................................................... 30 2.3 Assessments ...................................................................................................................... 323. Digital Media and Society ......................................................................................................... 33 3.1 User-Generated Content (UGC) ...................................................................................... 33 3.2 Digital Activism ................................................................................................................ 35 3.3 Assessments ...................................................................................................................... 40

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