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TNR D-Day Issue

TNR D-Day Issue

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Published by The New Republic
TNR D-Day Issue: June 19, 1944
TNR D-Day Issue: June 19, 1944

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Published by: The New Republic on Jun 06, 2014
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THE
 NEW
 REPUBLIC
 
Journal
 of
 Opmion
vol..
 no
NO.
 25 NEW
 YORK, MONDAY, JUNE
 19 1944
 NUMBER
 154a
at eight-tenths
 of a
 billion annually. Other inflation-The Bridgehead
 Is
 Established ists made
 a
 general assault
 on all
 prices,
 in the
 interestAt
 the end of the
 first week
 of the
 invasion,
 cau- of a
 selfishness which
 is
 blind
 to the
 general welfare,tious optimism regarding
 the
 outcome
 was
 pos^ble.
 As we go to
 press
 it
 looks
 as if a
 presidential veto
 is
We held about
 600
 square miles
 of the
 Normandy
 our
 only resource
 in
 holding
 the
 line against inflation,beach, with
 the
 Germans,
 as an
 Allied military spokes-man grimly reminded
 us in
 possession
 of
 about
 two
 What about
 de
 Gaulle?million square miles
 of
 Europe. Russia s
 new
 drive
 The
 invasion begins with
 the
 relations between
 the
into Finland
 was
 marked
 by
 strong initial success.
 In
 French Provisional Government
 and the
 Allies veryNormandy,
 bad
 weather
 had
 hampered
 our
 operations nearly
 at
 their worst point.
 It is
 true that eitherfor most
 of the
 first week, which raises
 the
 question President Roosevelt
 has
 invited
 de
 Gaulle
 to
 Wasihing-whether
 our
 advance meteorological work
 has
 been
 as ton or he has
 accepted
 de
 Gaulle s broad hint that
 he
good
 as it
 should have been. Neither side
 had yet
 would like
 to
 come;
 but
 that
 has not
 prevented bittercommitted
 its
 full strength
 to the
 struggle
 on the
 criticism
 by the
 French
 of
 several actions.
 De
 Gaulle,Cherbourg Peninsula.
 The
 Germans were still wait-
 it is
 reported, wanted
 to go to
 France when Generaling
 to see
 w hether this
 was
 only
 a
 feint
 and the
 main Montgomery
 did; he was
 refused permission.
 He ob-
blow would come elsewhere;
 the
 Allies were putting jected
 to the
 Eisenhower broadcast, with
 its
 pointedashore
 men
 enough
 to
 cope with
 the
 immediate situ- ignoring
 of the
 French Provisionarl Government.
 He
ation
 but
 were
 not
 risking disaster
 by a
 tremendous objects
 to the
 printing
 of
 French francs
 in
 Londonconcentration
 in an
 area
 too
 small
 for
 large numbers which
 are
 being used
 in
 France
 by the
 invasion forces,to
 be
 vised effectively.
 The two
 great factors
 in our
 Writing
 in The New
 York Herald Tribune, Geoffrey,favor were clear dominance
 in the air and
 clear domi- Parsons
 Jr.
 says
 Mr.
 Churchill threatened bluntly
 to
nance
 on the sea. It was
 these which gave
 us the
 send General
 de
 Gaulle bade
 to
 Algiers. Surely noth-strongest hope
 of
 ultimate victory.
 ing in the
 whole history
 of de
 Gaulle
 or the
 FrenchProvisional Government justifies this extraordinaryInflationists
 in
 Congress treatment
 at the
 moment when
 we
 need more thanCongress used
 the
 week
 of the
 invasion
 for a
 ever before
 the
 utmost loyalty
 of
 every French patriot,commando raid
 of its own on the
 pocketbooks
 of
American consumers. Various venal special interests Crisis
 in
 Cilinabargained with
 one
 another
 for
 reciprocal votes
 to
 force
 In our
 excitement about
 the new
 front
 in
 France,inflation.
 The
 cotton industry supported
 the
 Bank-
 we
 ought
 not to
 overlook
 the
 serious situation
 in
head plan
 to lay an
 extra burden
 of a
 quarter
 to a
 China.
 As
 General Stillwell
 has
 reported, there
 is
third
 of a
 billion dollars
 on
 purchasers
 of
 cotton fabrics, danger
 at
 this point
 of a
 victory
 by the
 JapaneseThe
 oil
 interests
 got
 together
 for a
 grab estimated which might prolong
 the war in the
 East
 for
 years.CON
 T E NTS
 Washington Notes ......
 T. R. B. 815
Andersen s Fairy Tale
 . . .
 Manny Farber
 816
The Week
 799 The
 Bandwagon
 .
 816
Editorial Correspondence
 817
The
 End of the
 German Myth
 802
 gooks
 in
 ReviewGeneral Articles
 The
 Might o^the President
 
Walton Hamilton
 819
The Ail-Out Ofiensive
 . . . Max
 Werner
 804
 India Finds
 a
 Voice
 . .
 Robert Morss lovett
 820
The Shape
 of the War . .
 George Soule
 805 Mrs.
 Fischer s Russia
 . .
 Granville Hicks
 822
In
 the
 Wake
 of
 Liberation
 .
 Max
 Lerner
 807 The
 Malthusian Situation
 . Guy
 Irving Burch
 824
History
 of the
 Second Front
 .
 Ralph Bates
 809
 Civil Liberty
 in
 America
 .
 Heinz
 H. F.
 Eulau
 824
D-Day
 .
 Richard
 Lee
 Strout
 and
 Michael Young
 811 A
 Reader s List
 825
PUBLISHED WEEKLY AND COPYRIGHT, 1944, IN THE U.S.A. BV EDITORIAL PUBLICATIONS, INC., 4O EAST 49 ST., NEW YORK 17, N. Y.
 
SECOND-CIASS MATTER, NOVEMBER 6, 1914, AT THE POST OFFICE AT NEW YORK, N. Y., UNDER THE ACT OF MARCH 3> ^PRINTED IN THE U. A.
 
 
THE NEW
 REPU LIC
If they capture Changsha, and go on to split northernChina from southern, our probable success in reopeningthe Burma Road will still not offer enough help tothe major Chinese forces.What is needed more than anything else is a majorport on the Chinese mainland. Continued Japaneseoccupation of this area would make the task of obtain-ing one an operation nearly as serious as the openingof the European second front
itself
In that caseany Allied armies advancing north from Burma orthe Malay Peninsula would find a formidable barrierin their way, and we might become dependent on alanding operation somewhat like that aimed at Cher-bourg. An equally difficult alternative would be simi-lar operations on the coast of Japan.Delay in the Pacific war may thus carry a heavyprice. In so far as that delay was inevitable in viewof the need for taking the aggressive in Europe, wedo not regret it, but in so far as it may have beenthe result of any difliculty in reaching a basis of co-operation with the British in Asia, it is an expensiveerror indeed.The Vice President's ServicesThe difliculties in China are not entirely military.They are also the result of internal splits—for instance,that between the so-called Communist armies and thoseof the Generalissimo, and that between the democraticand the dictatorial forces in the Kuomintang
 itself
The government is heavily dependent on war lordsand landlords who, if faced with the choice,, might bemore eager to save their property and power than todefeat the Japanese. It is thus fortunate for the Alliedcause that Mr. Wallace is now arriving in China, or isaibout to arrive there. So important an emissary for thecause of democrajcy may help in a ticklish situation ata critical moment. His sincerity, sobriety and convic-tions are such that he ought to be no mean advocate.If he does swing the balance, he will have performeda service for his country that might otherwise haverequired a large and well equipped army.
in The St. Loui Pott-Dispateh
The Face of War Hasn't ChangedIncidentally, why does the press pay so little atten-tion to Vke President Wallace's activities so far. * Wetmderstand that the speeches he has made in Siberia(in the Russian language) have created a very favor-able impression. It might be as well to hear of this asof Eric Johnston's antics in Moscow. We probablyshould, if the press were as keen to reelect Mr. Wai-lace as it is to push Mr. Johnston.Success in ItalyThe drama of the invasion overshadowed our f© markable victory in Italy, which nevertheless is o*^great importance, not only in a military sense, butpolitically. The advance of our armies north of Roi«shas at some times reached a speed of 25 miles a day.Too often, in this war, our incorrigibly optimistic dailynewspapers have talked about a German retreatturning into a panic-stricketi rout, when subsequentevents proved it was nothing of the kind; but iTonce the term seems pretty well justified. The severedefeat above Rome unhinged the Germans' entire lin^iforcing a general withdrawal, across the peninsula.Their situation is grave and must be an added handicapto the already heavily burdened General Staff
 
Berlin.
Badaglio Is Out
Political events in Italy have moved in the rign*^direction since the fall of Rome. The King kept hispromise and, while he did not abdicate, he turned overauthority to his son. Prince Humbert. Humbert is apretty poor excuse for a monarch, and is certainly notanti-fascist, but he is a little better than Victor. Bado-glio has been forced out and replaced by IvanoeBonomi, a leading Italian liberal and head of theCommittee of National Liberation. We have no doiibtthat Bonomi represents the wishes of the majority orthe Italian people} and we have no doubt, either, thatthis majority would prefer a republic to any otherform of government. President Roosevelt has repeat-edly pledged that America will aid the Italians to getwhatever government they want j we hope that pledgewill now be carried out.Doubtless we shall now see
 a
renewal of the familiardebate between American liberals and such State De-partment apologists as Mr. Arthur ICrock of The Nev^^York Times. The liberals will say that since the Alliedgovernments have at last done what they have beenrecommending all the time, the action proves the lit 'erals were right and the governments were wrong'The State Department's friends will insist, on thecontrary, that the action had been impossible until thismoment, that it had always been intended, that theliberals never knew what they were talking about andthat they should suspend all future criticism and
 j
trust Mr. Hull. We hereby cast one vote on the sidewhich says that the liberals were right.
 
JUNE 19,1944
The Mississippi Conspiracy
It would be more accurate to describe the Demo-cratic state convention held in Jackson, Mississippi, onJune 7, as a Republican meeting. The men Who areWorking to swing a Southwide bloc of convention dele-gates and presidential electors away from the Demo-cratic nominee unless he agrees to a set of undemocratic demands as to white supremacy and the maintenanceof poll taxes were on hand in Mississippi with as muchstrength and preparation as they had shown at theTexas state convention a short time before. The topstrategy stemmed chiefly from the same Northern Re-publicans who master-minded the Texas putsch. Pewand Gannett and duPont found the Mississippi reportsas pleasing to them as the Texas ones had been. TheSouthern stooges of the Northern interests were onhand to play out the carefully planned game.Henchmen of the anti-Roosevelt Connor machinehad worked Mississippi thoroughly in a well financeddrive to line up convention delegates who would goalong with the plot to steal the state vote. Everybodyknew that the anti-Roosevelt forces wouldn't have achance if the voters were allowed to decide whichside Mississippi was on. The stooges did their workwell and the packed convention did their bidding.The Republocratic gang engineering the supposedSouthern revolt against the New Deal appears wellsatisfied with the results of the Mississippi convention.But the New Dealers have legal remedies up theirsleeves which may yet upset these new carpetbaggers.
Not Enough
President Roosevelt has now adopted the idea offree ports for refugees, first put forward by SamuelGrafton in The New York Post. One thoiisand Euro-pean refugees will be admitted to the United Statesand maintained at Fort Ontario, Osiwego, New York.Just as goods enter a free port without paying duty,provided they are reexported at a later date, theserefugees will be permitted to stay for a time in thiscountry regardless of passport and visa restrictions.This is a good idea; but why in the world should itbe limited to one thousand, a tiny proportion of therefugees who are urgently in need of assistance.'' Wetake it for granted this is a trial balloon on the part ofthe President, to see what the public reaction is. Wehope the public will now react by saying that to takea thousand refugees is aibout as humanitarian as giv-ing a single drop of water to a man dying of thirst.
Relief for Europe
On the Saturday afternoon before our invasion ofEurope, the reactionary Republicans in Congressbanded together to strike a serious blow at the UnitedNations' plans for bringing relief and rehabilitation tothe liberated peoples. Republican Representative
 
O'Hara of Minnesota rose before an almost emptyHouse to challenge, on a point of order, the Appro-priations Committee's report calling for a grant of$800,000,000 to the United Nations Relief and Re-habilitation Administration. The committee's report wascertainly a conservative recommendation in view of thefact that the Congress had previously approved aUnited States quota of $1,350,000,000 for UNRRA.Representative Cannon and other Democrats attemptedto defend the appropriation, pointing out how doublynecessary immediate action was now that tremendousEuropean requirements for food, clothing and otherthings are so imminent, but they were outshouted andoutvoted by Republicans like the lady Representativefrom Illinois, Jessie Sumner, who added this greatthought to the debate: If the UNRRA scheme is hu-manitarian, so is keeping a gigolo. The House has now approved a grant of $450,000,-000 of the $1,350,000,000 this coimtry has solemnlypromised to UNRRA. The British have already ap-propriated their full pledge. So has the Republic of-Iceland. If UNRRA is to function properly, the UnitedStates must live up to its commitments at once.
Ending the Insurance Racket
The New Republic has reported on several occa-sions plans of the insurance companies' lobby—oneof the strongest in Washington—^to jam through legis-lation forbidding any federal control over their activi-ties. The lobby was working feverishly in expectationthat the Supreme Court would hand down a decisionadverse to their desires; and this the Court has nowdone. It has ruled that fire insurance is a commodityin interstate commerce and therefore subject to theSherman Act. Since this is the case, life insuranceought to. and presumably will be in the same boat.In the past insurance has been subject to control by thestates only; and it would be more correct to say thatinsurance controlled the states than vice versa. Thedecision should save policy holders hundreds of mil-lions of dollars, and put an end to many undesirablepractices. It is hard to believe that the insurance lobbyand its friends in Congress will now have the brass-boimd nerve to seek new legislation restoring the oldracket of state control.
How the Radio Did
One of the minor events of the first invasion weekwas the performance of the American radio. It wasprompt enough in bringing us the first news flashes,but after that it rapidly diminished the radio-hoursdevoted to listening by its eager audience.Those of us who were lucky enough to be tuned inat the right moments heard the news flashes as soon asthey came over. After that, the same brief dispatcheswould be repeated, ad nauseam, in the guise of bulle-tins just handed to the announcer. Between would come

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