A Layer 2 switch looks at a user\u2019s MAC address which comes with every
piece of hardware on your network. It then decides whether to discard or to
forward the data to the destinations. In doing this, a bandwidth becomes
dedicated to certain users, extraneous traffic is eliminated and network
response is improved
A Layer3 switch \u2013 also called Routing Switch does all this in addition to
routing users IP addresses. It adds powerful routing capabilities to your
switched Ethernet workjgroup to boost intranet performance and relieve
legacy routers from the fast growing IP LAN traffic. Routing switches are
much faster than software based routers, as packet are routed by chips,
instead of being processed then routed to the ports by the CPU.
Broadcast message : when server wanted to know who are connected in
network , it send message to all desktop. There are possibility another server
send similar message, when two broadcast message collide, the third one has
to be wait for 2 power n-1 nanoseconds. IN multi serve application server
bound to send broadcast messages, which in turn degrade network
Multicast Message: Similarly when server sends some to group of users
two messages collide and third one has to wait for 2 power n-1 nano
seconds. This is multicast messages and this has to be contained.
Layer 3 switches are required for
a. Containing broadcast messages and multicast messages
b. To allow Inter communication between different VLANs
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