okula, eve, etc. (dative case)
We add -e/-a to the noun to indicate to whom/which something is given. The ending -e/-a
corresponds in meaning to Englishto andfor. But some other English prepositions likein,
into, at, on, onto etc. can also correspond in meaning to the dative case in Turkish.
okula =to school
\u0130zmir\u2019e =to \u0130zmir
pazara =to the market
Structure: words ending in a syllable containing a,\u0131, o, u, take the ending -a while the words
ending in e, i, \u00f6, \u00fc take the ending-e.\u0130stanbul\u2019a, k\u00f6ye, s\u0131n\u0131fa, tatile
1-It\u2019s added to nouns to indicate place or direction:
Ali, bug\u00fcn i\u015f-e gelmiyor.
(I am goingto school.)
(Let\u2019s geton the bus.) (Ali isn\u2019t comingto work today.)
2-If the word ends in a vowel, then we insert y between the dative case marker and the
araba-y-a =t o the car \u00fcniversite-y-e = to university
parti-y-e =to the party
3-It is used to make question words likeNere ye = ( to) Where? andKime = (to) Whom?.
A:Nerey e gidiyorsun? (Where are you going?)
B: Parka gidiyorum. (I am goingto the park.)
A:Ki me g\u00fcl\u00fcyorsun? (Who are you laughingat?)
B: Arif\u2019e g\u00fcl\u00fcyorum. (I am laughingat Arif.)
4-It is used with post-positions like -e/-a do\u011fru =toward s, -e/-a kadar = until/as far as.
Markete do\u011fru y\u00fcr\u00fcyorum.
K\u00f6pek bize do\u011fru geliyor.
(I am walkingtowards the market.)
(The dog is comingtoward s us.)
D\u00fcn gece saat 3\u2019e kadar ders \u00e7al\u0131\u015ft\u0131m. Otob\u00fcs Hatay\u2019a kadar gidiyor.
(I studiedu n ti l 3 o\u2019clock last night.)
(The bus is going as far as Hatay.)
Copyright \u00a9 Yusuf BuzNo part of this publication may be reproduced!