A robot is a virtual or mechanical artificial agent. In practice, it is usually an electro-mechanical system which, by its appearance or movements, conveys a sense that it has intent or agency of its own. The word robot can refer to both physical robots and virtual software agents, but the latter are usually referred to as bots. There is no consensus on which machines qualify asrobots, but there is general agreement among experts and the public that robots tend to do someor all of the following: move around, operate a mechanical limb, sense and manipulate their environment, and exhibit intelligent behavior, especially behavior which mimics humans or other animals.
1.3 TRACK FOLLOWING ROBOT:
The line follower is a self operating robot that detects and follows a line that is drawn onthe floor. The path consists of a black line on a white surface (or vice versa). The control systemused must sense a line and maneuver the robot to stay on course, while constantly correcting thewrong moves using feedback mechanism, thus forming a simple yet effective closed loopSystem. The robot is designed to follow very tight curves. The robot initializes in seek mode,where it searches for a black line to track. Wheel synchronization, during seek mode, allows therobot to travel in a straight line without guidance. Once a black line is found, the robot tracks theline.Sensing a line and maneuvering the robot to stay on course, while constantly correctingwrong moves using feedback mechanism forms a simple yet effective closed loop system.Practical applications of a line follower: Automated cars running on roads with embeddedmagnets; guidance system for industrial robots moving on shop floor etc.