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Psihopatologie

Psihopatologie

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Published by: iuliansever on Nov 21, 2009
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UNIVERSITATEA „OVIDIUS” CONSTANŢAFACULTATEA DE PSIHOLOGIE SISTIINTELE EDUCATIEI
SUPORT CURSPSIHOPATOLOGIE SIPSIHOLOGIE MEDICALA
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CUPRINS
INTRODUCERE .............................................................................................................................. 4PSIHOPATOLOGIE GENERALA ..................................................................................................9DOMENIUL PSIHOPATOLOGIEI ............................................................................................. 10Istoricul si cadrul problemei ......................................................................................................10Domeniul psihiatriei si psihopatologiei .....................................................................................11Constituirea psihopatologiei ca stiinta .......................................................................................13Obiectul psihopatologiei ............................................................................................................15METODE SI TEHNICI IN PSIHOLOGIA MEDICALA SI PSIHOPATOLOGIE .....................17Atitudinea metodologica ........................................................................................................... 17Examenul clinic si psihologic ....................................................................................................19Primul contact cu bolnavul ........................................................................................................20Convorbirea medicala ................................................................................................................21Anamneza psihiatrica ................................................................................................................22Chestionarea anturajului bolnavului ..........................................................................................22Exploatarea psihologica .............................................................................................................22Diagnosticul ...............................................................................................................................22DOMENIUL PSIHOLOGIEI MEDICALE ..................................................................................23Semnificatia psihologica a bolii ................................................................................................24Psihologia bolnavului ................................................................................................................25Psihologia medicului .................................................................................................................26Relatia medic-bolnav .................................................................................................................27PSIHOPATOLOGIE CLINICA .....................................................................................................28PSIHOPATOLOGIA PROCESELOR PSIHICE ..........................................................................28Tulburarile de perceptie .............................................................................................................28Tulburarile de vigilenta si de somn ...........................................................................................30Tulburarile vietii instinctuale .................................................................................................... 30Tulburari de activitate ................................................................................................................30Tulburari de vointa ....................................................................................................................31Tulburarile de caracter ...............................................................................................................31Tulburarile afective ................................................................................................................... 32Tulburarile de memorie .............................................................................................................32Psihopatologia proceselor de inteligenta ...................................................................................32Tulburarile de gandire ...............................................................................................................32Delirul ........................................................................................................................................32SINDROAMELE PSIHOPATOLOGICE .....................................................................................33Cadrul general ........................................................................................................................... 331) Sidromul astenic ....................................................................................................................332) Sindromul obsesiv .................................................................................................................34Sindroamele afective - Sindromele psihopatologice afective .................................................... 351) Sindromul maniacal .............................................................................................................. 352) Sindromul depresiv ...............................................................................................................353) Instabilitatea psiho-afectiva .................................................................................................. 354) Sindromul anxios .................................................................................................................. 35Sindroamele Halucinator -Paranoide .........................................................................................361) Sindroamele delirante ............................................................................................................362) Sindromul demential .............................................................................................................36 NOSOLOGIA PSIHIATRICA ......................................................................................................37(Evolutia conceptiilor nosologice in psihiatrie) ........................................................................ 37Modelul nosologic .....................................................................................................................37PSIHOPATOLOGIE NOSOLOGICA ...........................................................................................38
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PERSONALITATI PSIHOPATICE ............................................................................................. 38Clasificarea psihopatiilor ...........................................................................................................38 NEVROZELE .................................................................................................................................38Istoric .........................................................................................................................................38Definitie si cadrul psihopatologic ..............................................................................................39Descrierea formelor de nevroza .................................................................................................39PSIHOZELE ORGANICE .............................................................................................................41Domeniul psihozelor organixce .................................................................................................41Descrierea formelor clinice .......................................................................................................42Paralizia generala progressiva (PGP) ........................................................................................42Epilepsia ....................................................................................................................................42PSIHOZELE TOXICE ...................................................................................................................43Cadrul general ........................................................................................................................... 43Alcoolismul ...............................................................................................................................43Toxicomaniile ............................................................................................................................44PSIHOZELE ENDOGENE I ..........................................................................................................44Domeniul psihozelor ................................................................................................................. 44Semnificatia psihopatologiiei endogene si exogene ..................................................................45PSIHOZELE ENDOGENE II ........................................................................................................45(Psihozele afective) - Cadrul psihopatologic general ...............................................................45Psihoza maniaco-depresiva ....................................................................................................... 45Suicidul ......................................................................................................................................46PSIHOZELE ENDOGENE III .......................................................................................................47(Grupa psihozelor schizofrenie) ................................................................................................47Schizofrenia ...............................................................................................................................47Aspecte psihopatologice ............................................................................................................48Formele clinice ..........................................................................................................................48PSIHOZELE ENDOGENE IV .......................................................................................................49(Psihozele delirante cronice sistematizate, simple sau halucinatorii) ........................................49Cadru psihopatologic general ....................................................................................................49Paranoia -Caracteristici psihopatologice ...................................................................................49Formele clinice ale paranoiei .....................................................................................................50Parafreniile -Delimitare si caracteristici ....................................................................................51Delirantii pasionali ....................................................................................................................51Psihoze endogene atipice ...........................................................................................................51STARILE DE ARIERATIE MINTALA .......................................................................................51Oligofreniile .............................................................................................................................. 51Clasificarea oligofreniilor ..........................................................................................................52Psihozele debililor .....................................................................................................................52DEMENTELE ...............................................................................................................................53Cadrul general ........................................................................................................................... 53Psihopatologia dementelor ........................................................................................................53 Nota ...........................................................................................................................................54BIBLIOGRAFIE ............................................................................................................................54Subiecte examen .............................................................................................................................56
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