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Mechatronics -UNIT1-FH

Mechatronics -UNIT1-FH

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Published by saba
Reference : W.Bolton
(For Anna University Chennai, IV Year Mechanical Engineering)
Reference : W.Bolton
(For Anna University Chennai, IV Year Mechanical Engineering)

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Published by: saba on Nov 22, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/25/2013

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B.E/B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, APRIL/MAY 2008Seventh Semester - Mechanical EngineeringME 433 - MECHATRONICS
Time: Three Hours Maximum: 100 marksAnswer ALL questions 
PART A - (10X2=20 marks)
1. What is mechatronics? Give four examples.2. Describe various elements of measurement system with help of a block diagram.3. What is meant by hysteresis error of a transducer?4. What is switch bounce?5. Writh the function of accumulator register.6. List the factors to be considered for the selection of microcontroller.7. What do you mean by electronic counter?8. Draw the ladder rungs to represent two switches are mormally open and both have to beclosed for a motor to operate.9. Mention any four statements in problem definition of mechatronics system design.10. What are the various movements of robots?PART B - (5X16=80 marks)
11. A)
(a) What is meant by sequential control? Explain a pnumatic circuit for sequentialcontrol of double acting cylinder. (14)(b) What is the response time of a transducer? (2)
(or)B)
(a) Briefly explain the mechatronics system components. (10)(b) Explain various control approaches used in mechatronics system. (6)
12. A)
(a) What is the transduction principle and explain atleast five effects to whichtransduction can be attributed. (8)(b) Write short notes on light sensors. (8)
(or)B)
(a) Explain the construction and working of tachogenerator. (8)(b) Discuss the working principle of thermocouple with suitable diagram. (8)
13. A)
(a) With a block diagram, explain the use of microcontroller for a house holdapplication. (14)(b) List th various application of microcontroller. (2)
(or)B)
(a) Write a program to divide 8-bit numbers and to store the result in memory againby microprocessor using 8085. (6)(b) Discuss the working of microprocessor controlled traffic signal system. (10)
14. A)
(a) Develop a PLC program of a circuit that could be used with a domestic washingmachine to switch on a pump to pump water for 100s into the machine, then switchoff and switch on a heater for 50s to heat the water. The heater is then switched off and another pump is to empty the water from the machine for 100s. (8)(b) What is meant by internal relays? Explain. (8)
(or)B)
Briefly explain how data handling is carried out in PLC. (16)
15. A)
(a) Compare the traditional design and mechatronics design with suitable example.(8)(b) Explain the robot control circuit diagram of a pick and place robot. (8)
(or)B)
What is the objective of the engine management system, and explain its working
1
 
C3389B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2008.Seventh Semester Mechanical Engineering
ME 1402 -- MECHATRONICS
( Common to B.E. Part-Time Mechanical Engineering ) (Regulation 2004)Time: Three hours Maximum: 100 MarksAnswer ALL questionsPART A ---- ( 10 * 2 = 20 marks )1. Identify the different mechatronics systems used in automobiles.2. What is the working principle of an eddy current proximity sensor?3. A hydraulic cylinder is to be used to move a work piece through a distance of 60mm in 20 seconds. A force of 15KN is required to move the work piece.Determine the required hydraulic liquid flow rate if a cylinder with a piston diameter of 75mm is available.4. Suggest suitable actuator for robot arm joint and justify.5. Derive the equation for a translational mechanical system model with spring andmass.6. Give an example for two-step mode control unit.7. Draw the ladder logic diagram to represent two switches that are normally openandboth have to be closed for a motor to operate.8. Devise a timing circuit that will switch an output on for 1 sec then off for 20 secthen on for 1 sec, then off for 20 sec and so on.9. Identify the sensor, signal conditioner and display elements in the Bourdonpressuregauge.10. List the advantages of mechatronics design over traditional design.
PART B ---- ( 5 * 16 = 80 marks )11.(a)
(i) Compare and contrast the control system for the domestic central heatingsystem involving a bimetallic termostat and that involving a microprocessor.(8)(ii) Explain the static performance characteristics of a sensor.(8)
or (b)
Write short notes on:(i) Thermocouple(ii) Piezoelectric transducer (iii) Incremental encoder (iv) Photovoltaic transducer 
2
 
12.(a)
Discuss about the following actuation systems:(i) Self-excited wound field shunt configuration dc motor.(ii) Self-excited wound field series configuration dc motor.(iii) Stepper motor.(iv) Induction motor.
or (b)
A flat belt, 7 mm thick and 95 mm wide transmits power between two pulleysrunning at 1500m/min.The mass of the belt is 0.85kg/m length. The angle of lap in the smaller pulley is155deg and thecoefficient of friction between the belt and pulley is 0.25. If the maximumpermissible stress inthe belt is 2MN/m^2 find the maximum power transmitted and initial tension in thebelt.
13.(a)
A hot object with capacitance C and temperature T, cools in a large room attemperature Ta. If the thermal system has a resistance R, derive an equationdescribing how the temperature of the hot object changes with time and give anelectrical analogue of the system.
or (b)
(i) Propose a model for a stepped shaft used to rotate a mass and derive anequation relatingthe input torque and the angular rotation. Neglect damping effect. (8)(ii) Describe and compare the characteristics of 1) proportional controller 2) proportional plus integral controller (8)
14.(a)
Devise a system, using a PLC that could be used with a conveyor belt whichis used to move an item to work station. The presence of the item at the workstation is detected by means of breaking a contact activated by a beam of light to aphotosensor. There it stops for 100sec for an operation to be carried out and thenstarts moving. The motor for the belt is started by a normally open start switch andstopped by a normally closed switch.
or (b)
Devise a circuit that could be used with a domestic washing machine to switchon a pump to pump water for 100 sec into the machine, then switch off the pumpand switch on a heater for 50sec to heat the water. The heater is then switched off and another pump is switched on for 100sec to empty the water from the machine.
15.(a)
Explain the mechatronics systems used in an automatic camera with a neatblock diagram.
or (b)
Design a pick and place robot using mechatronics elements and explain aboutthe robot control.
3

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