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String Instructions

String Instructions

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Published by adithya123456

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Published by: adithya123456 on Nov 22, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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String Instructions
A series of data bytes or wordsavailable in memory at consecutivelocations, to be referred tocollectively or individually are calledas byte strings or word strings.For referring to a string, twoparameters are required 1. stringstarting address 2. length of string. The length of a string is usuallystored as count in the CX register8086 supports powerful instructionsfor string manipulations. Theincrementing or decrement of thepointer in string instruction, dependsupon the Direction Flag (DF) status.If it is a byte string operation, theindex registers are updated by one.If it is a word string operation, theindex register are updated by two. The counter in both the cases, isdecremented by one.
REP: Repeat Instruction Prefix:
 This instruction is used as a prefix toother instructions. The instruction towhich the REP prefix is provided, isexecuted repeatedly until CX registerbecomes zero (at each iteration CX isautomatically decremented by one).REPE/REPZ: Repeat while equal/zeroREPNE/REPNZ: Repeat while notequal/not zero These options are used for CMPS, SCASinstructions only as instructionprefixes.
MOVSB/MOVSW: Move stringByte/Word
If source string is in DS, it has to moveto ES then The string address of the source stringis 10h*DS+[SI] while the startingaddress of the destination string is10h*ES+[DI].
After MOVS instruction is executedonce, the index registers (SI,DI) areautomatically updated and CX isdecremented. The incrementing ordecrementing of the pointer, i.e. SIand DI depend upon the direction flagDF.If DF is zero, the index registers areincremented, If DF is one they aredecremented, in case of all the stringmanipulation instructions.Example:MOV AX, SEGMOV ES, AXMOV DI,OFFSET STRMOV CX,0010HMOV AX, word ;
the word to be scanned
; clear DF to auto increment of DI
Repeat until not equal 

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