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digital_electronics

# digital_electronics

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09/02/2012

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Student N\u00b0: 246485585
Digital Electronics 1
Page 1
Numerical Representations
Analog Representations:

\u2022One quantity is represented by another, which is directly proportional to the first.
\u2022They can gradually vary over a continuous range of values.
\u2022Examples:

Auto speedometer, Room thermostat, Audio microphone,
Wristwatch
Digital Representations:
\u2022Quantities are represented not by proportional quantities but by symbols called
DIGITS.
\u2022Quantities change in discrete steps (i.e. step by step)
\u2022Examples:
Resistor Substitution box, Sand Grains on a beach, Digital Clock
Luke Cole
Page 1
Student N\u00b0: 246485585
Digital Electronics 1
Page 2
Number Systems
\u2022Number systems aredefin ed by there base value

\u2022E.g. base 8; means: 8n, where n = 0, 1, 2, 3, \u2026
\u2022The digital number system that isu sed is the Binary System.
\u2022Below is the equivalent values between the four number systems:

Decimal (Base 10)
Binary (Base 2)
Octal (Base 8)
Hex (Base 16)
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
2
10
2
2
3
11
3
3
4
100
4
4
5
101
5
5
6
110
6
6
7
111
7
7
8
1000
10
8
9
1001
11
9
10
1010
12
A
11
1011
13
B
12
1100
14
C
13
1101
15
D
14
1110
16
E
15
1111
17
F
16
10000
20
10
17
10001
21
11
18
10010
22
12
19
10011
23
13
20
10100
24
14
21
10101
25
15
22
10111
26
16
23
11000
27
17
24
11001
30
18
25
11010
31
19
26
11011
32
1A
Equation:
DN = 2n\u2212 1
DN = Greatest decimal number that can be represented by \u2018n\u2019 bits
n = Number of bits
Luke Cole
Page 2
Student N\u00b0: 246485585
Digital Electronics 1
Page 3
Digit Weighting:
\u2022Digit weighting means a digits positional value in the number.
E.g.(1)
The weight of \u201c3\u201d in the number 318910 is: 3\u00d7 103
E.g.(2)
The weight of \u201c1\u201d in the number 10002 is: 1\u00d7 23
Conversion of Number Systems:
Converting Decimal to Another Base
\u2022This is achieved by continuously dividing the decimal number by the new base, and
keeping track of the remainder after each division.
E.g.
10510\u21d2 Binary
A
2\u2223105

52 + 1 26 + 0 13 + 0

6 +1 3 +0 1 +1 0 +1

Working up the remainders
10510\u21d2 11010012
Converting Another Base to Decimal
\u2022This is achieved by Expand using digit weights
E.g.
75168\u21d2 Decimal
A
75168 = 7\u00d7 83 + 5\u00d7 82 + 1\u00d7 81 + 6\u00d7 80
= 3918
Luke Cole
Page 3

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