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Assignment 1

Assignment 1

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Published by Nadia Valentina

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Published by: Nadia Valentina on Jun 10, 2014
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 1 PSYCHOLOGY OF NEGOTIATIONS
 –
 ASSIGNMENT 1
 –
 TEAM 39
Permaculture and creative forms of Commons
Commons, and how the psychology of negotiations can help fins sustainable agreements.
 
What is the secret to a long love? The dialogue between differences
.  Mario Benedetti.
P
ermaculture is a branch of ecological design, ecological engineering, environmental design, construction and Integrated Water Resources Management that develops sustainable architecture, regenerative and self-maintained habitat and agricultural systems modeled from natural ecosystems
1
. The term permaculture (as a systematic method) was first coined by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in 1978. The word permaculture originally referred to "permanent agriculture"
2
 but was expanded to stand also for "permanent culture," as it was seen that social aspects were integral to a truly sustainable system as inspired by Masanobu Fukuoka's natural farming philosophy. "Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor; and of looking at plants and animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as a single product system." - Bill Mollison
3
 
AIM: SUSTAINABLE HUMAN SETTLEMENT:
1.
 
2
 
 (1911) 1.
 
3
 
Mollison, B. (1991).
Introduction to permaculture
. Tasmania, Australia: Tagari.
 
 2 PSYCHOLOGY OF NEGOTIATIONS
 –
 ASSIGNMENT 1
 –
 TEAM 39
Common Practices
N a t u r a l b u i l d i n g
A natural building involves a range of building systems and materials that place major emphasis on sustainability. Ways of achieving sustainability through natural building focus on durability and the use of minimally processed, plentiful or renewable resources, as well as those that, while recycled or salvaged, produce healthy living environments and maintain indoor air quality. The basis of natural building is the need to lessen the environmental impact of buildings and other supporting systems, without sacrificing comfort, health or aesthetics. To be more sustainable, natural building uses primarily abundantly available, renewable, reused or recycled materials. In addition to relying on natural building materials, the emphasis on the architectural design is heightened. The orientation of a building, the utilization of local climate and site conditions, the emphasis on natural ventilation through design, fundamentally lessen operational costs and positively impact the environment. Building compactly and minimizing the ecological footprint is common, as are on-site handling of energy acquisition, on-site water capture, alternate sewage treatment and water reuse.
 
 3 PSYCHOLOGY OF NEGOTIATIONS
 –
 ASSIGNMENT 1
 –
 TEAM 39

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