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Types of Prepositions (in English and Spanish)

Types of Prepositions (in English and Spanish)

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Published by gretagarbo0
Types of Prepositions in English and in Spanish.
Types of Prepositions in English and in Spanish.

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Published by: gretagarbo0 on Nov 22, 2009
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12/20/2012

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PREPOSITIONS OF TIMEIn English as in Spanish prepositions of time are used to indicate when an action happensand how much it last. All these prepositions answer the question “When?”. They are usedwith nouns and pronouns.According to Poehland these are the prepositions of time in English:
Preposition Use Examplesin
in monthsin July; in Septembeyearin 1985; in 1999seasonsin summer; in the summer of 69 part of the dayin the morning; in the afternoon; in theeveningdurationin a minute; in two weeks
at
 part of the dayat nighttime of dayat 6 o'clock; at midnightcelebrationsat Christmas; at Eastefixed phrasesat the same time
on
days of the weekon Sunday; on Fridaydateon
the
25th
of  
December*special holidayson Good Friday; on Easter Sunday; on my birthdaya special part of a dayon the morning of Septembe
the
11th*
after
later than sth.after school
ago
how far sth. happened (in the past)6 years ago
before
earlier than sth.before Christmas
between
time that separates two pointsbetween Monday and Friday
by
not later than a special timeby Thursday
during
through the whole of a period of timeduring the holidays
for
 period of timefor three weeks
from ... tofrom...till/until
two points form a periodfrom Monday to Wednesdayfrom Monday till Wednesdayfrom Monday until Wednesday
 
past
time of the day23 minutes past 6 (6:23)
since
 point of timesince Monday
till/until
no later than a special timetill tomorrowuntil tomorrow
to
time of the day23 minutes to 6 (5:37)
up to
not more than a special timeup to 6 hours a day
within
during a period of timewithin a dayAccording to UniLang Wiki these are the time prepositions in Spanish an its equivalents inEnglish.Spanish Time Prepositions English Time PrepositionsExamples inEnglish/Spanishantes [de]beforeTe vi antes de hoy / I sawyou before todaydentro [deinTe veré dentro de algunosminutos / I will see you inseveral minutesdespués [de]afterTe veré después de mañana /I will see you after tomorrowdesdesinceTe conozco desde ayer / Iknow you since yesterdayduranteduring / forTe veo durante dosminutos / I see you duringtwo minutesentrebetweenTe encontraré entre las oncey las doce / I will meet you between 11:00 and 12:00.hastauntilTe visitaré hasta mañana / Iwill visit you until tomorrowPREPOSITIONS OF PLACE AND LOCATIONIn English as in Spanish these prepositions are used to specify the place or the location of anoun.According to Poehland these are the prepositions of place and direction in English.
Preposition Use Examples
 
above
higher than sth.The picture hangs
above
my bed.
across
from one side to the other sideYou mustn't go
across
this road here.There isn't a bridge
across
the river.
after
one follows the other The cat ran
after
the dog.
After
you.
against
directed towards sth.The bird flew
against
the window.
along
in a line; from one point toanother They're walking
along
the beach.
among
in a groupI like being
among
people.
around
in a circular wayWe're sitting
around
the campfire.
behind
at the back ofOur house is
behind
the supermarket.
below
lower than sth.Death Valley is 86 metres
below
sea level.
beside
next toOur house is
beside
the supermarket.
between
sth./sb. is on each sideOur house is
between
the supermarket and theschool.
by
nearHe lives in the house
by
the river.
close to
nearOur house is
close to
the supermarket.
down
from high to lowHe came
down
the hill.
from
the place where it startsDo you come
from
Tokyo?
in front of 
the part that is in thedirection it facesOur house is
in front of 
the supermarket.
inside
opposite of outsideYou shouldn't stay
inside
the castle.
into
entering sth.You shouldn't go
into
the castle.
near
close toOur house is
near
the supermarket.
next to
 besideOur house is
next to
the supermarket.
off 
away from sth.The cat jumped
off 
the roof.
onto
moving to a placeThe cat jumped
onto
the roof.
opposite
on the other sideOur house is
opposite
the supermarket.
out of 
leaving sth.The cat jumped
out of 
the window.
outside
opposite of insideCan you wait
outside
?
over
above sth./sb.The cat jumped
over
the wall.
past
going near sth./sb.Go
past
the post office.
round
in a circleWe're sitting
round
the campfire.
through
going from one point to You shouldn't walk 
through
the forest.

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