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Republic Act 3019 (Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act)

Republic Act 3019 (Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act)

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Published by Rappler Philippines
data from the Department of Justice
data from the Department of Justice

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Published by: Rappler Philippines on Jun 10, 2014
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06/10/2014

 
 TZAUQJCML NLP OH. <5>=[ NOPM-IZNGP NO@ LHZZQUP UZNLPMLA\ NLP
Ja mt aonlta` jy tba \aonta no` Bhusa hg Zaprasaotntmvas hg tba Ubmcmppmoas mo Lhoirass nssakjca`6
\altmho >. \tntakaot hg phcmly.
 ‐ Mt ms tba phcmly hg tba Ubmcmppmoa Ihvarokaot, mo cmoa wmtb tba prmolmpca tbnt n pujcml hggmla ms n pujcml trust, th raprass lartnmo nlts hg pujcml hggmlars no` prmvnta parshos ncmda wbmlb lhostmtuta irngt hr lhrrupt prnltmlas hr wbmlb kny can` tbarath.
\altmho :. @agmomtmho hg tarks.
 ‐ Ns usa` mo tbms Nlt, tba tark ‐
(n)
 "Ihvarokaot" molcu`as tba ontmhonc ihvarokaot, tba chlnc ihvarokaots, tba ihvarokaot-hwoa` no` ihvarokaot-lhotrhcca` lhrphrntmhos, no` ncc htbar mostrukaotncmtmas hr niaolmas hg tba Zapujcml hg tba Ubmcmppmoas no` tbamr jrnolbas.
(j)
 "Uujcml hggmlar" molcu`as acaltmva no` npphmotmva hggmlmncs no` akpchyaas, parknoaot hr takphrnry, wbatbar mo tba lcnssmgma` hr uolcnssmgma` hr axakpt sarvmla ralamvmoi lhkpaosntmho, avao ohkmonc, grhk tba ihvarokaot ns `agmoa` mo tba prala`moi sujpnrnirnpb.
(l)
 "Zalamvmoi noy imgt" molcu`as tba nlt hg nllaptmoi `mraltcy hr mo`mraltcy n imgt grhk n parsho htbar tbno n kakjar hg tba pujcml hggmlar's mkka`mnta gnkmcy, mo jabncg hg bmksacg hr hg noy kakjar hg bms gnkmcy hr racntmva wmtbmo tba ghurtb lmvmc `airaa, amtbar  jy lhosnoiumomty hr nggmomty, avao ho tba hllnsmho hg n gnkmcy lacajrntmho hr ontmhonc gastmvmty cmda Lbrmstkns, mg tba vncua hg tba imgt ms uo`ar tba lmrlukstnolas knomgastcy axlassmva.
(`)
 "Uarsho" molcu`as onturnc no` furm`mlnc parshos uocass tba lhotaxt mo`mlntas htbarwmsa.
\altmho <. Lhrrupt prnltmlas hg pujcml hggmlars.
 ‐ Mo n``mtmho th nlts hr hkmssmhos hg pujcml hggmlars ncran`y paoncmza` jy axmstmoi cnw, tba ghcchwmoi sbncc lhostmtuta lhrrupt prnltmlas hg noy pujcml hggmlar no` nra barajy `alcnra` th ja uocnwguc6
(n)
 Uarsun`moi, mo`ulmoi hr mogcuaolmoi nohtbar pujcml hggmlar th parghrk no nlt lhostmtutmoi n vmhcntmho hg rucas no` raiucntmhos `ucy prhkucinta` jy lhkpataot nutbhrmty hr no hggaosa mo lhooaltmho wmtb tba hggmlmnc `utmas hg tba cnttar, hr ncchwmoi bmksacg th ja parsun`a`, mo`ula`, hr mogcuaola` th lhkkmt sulb vmhcntmho hr hggaosa.
(j)
 @mraltcy hr mo`mraltcy raquastmoi hr ralamvmoi noy imgt, prasaot, sbnra, parlaotnia, hr jaoagmt, ghr bmksacg hr ghr noy htbar parsho, mo lhooaltmho wmtb noy lhotrnlt hr trnosnltmho jatwaao tba Ihvarokaot no` noy htbar pnrty, wbaramo tba pujcml hggmlar mo bms hggmlmnc lnpnlmty bns th motarvaoa uo`ar tba cnw.
(l)
 @mraltcy hr mo`mraltcy raquastmoi hr ralamvmoi noy imgt, prasaot hr htbar paluomnry hr kntarmnc jaoagmt, ghr bmksacg hr ghr nohtbar, grhk noy parsho ghr wbhk tba pujcml hggmlar, mo noy knooar hr lnpnlmty, bns salura` hr hjtnmoa`, hr wmcc salura hr hjtnmo, noy Ihvarokaot parkmt hr cmlaosa, mo lhosm`arntmho ghr tba bacp imvao hr th ja imvao, wmtbhut prafu`mla th \altmho tbmrtaao hg tbms Nlt.
(`)
 Nllaptmoi hr bnvmoi noy kakjar hg bms gnkmcy nllapt akpchykaot mo n prmvnta aotarprmsa wbmlb bns pao`moi hggmlmnc jusmoass wmtb bmk `urmoi tba pao`aoly tbarahg hr wmtbmo hoa yanr ngtar mts tarkmontmho.
(a)
 Lnusmoi noy uo`ua mofury th noy pnrty, molcu`moi tba Ihvarokaot, hr imvmoi noy prmvnta pnrty noy uownrrnota` jaoagmts, n`vnotnia hr pragaraola mo tba `mslbnria hg bms hggmlmnc n`kmomstrntmva hr fu`mlmnc guoltmhos tbrhuib knomgast pnrtmncmty, avm`aot jn` gnmtb hr irhss moaxlusnjca oaicmiaola. Pbms prhvmsmho sbncc nppcy th hggmlars no` akpchyaas hg hggmlas hr ihvarokaot lhrphrntmhos lbnria` wmtb tba irnot hg cmlaosas hr parkmts hr htbar lholassmhos.
>0
 
 
(g)
 Oaicaltmoi hr ragusmoi, ngtar `ua `akno` hr raquast, wmtbhut suggmlmaot  fustmgmlntmho, th nlt wmtbmo n ranshonjca tmka ho noy knttar pao`moi jaghra bmk ghr tba purphsa hg hjtnmomoi, `mraltcy hr mo`mraltcy, grhk noy parsho motarasta` mo tba knttar shka paluomnry hr kntarmnc jaoagmt hr n`vnotnia, hr ghr tba purphsa hg gnvhrmoi bms hwo motarast hr imvmoi uo`ua n`vnotnia mo gnvhr hg hr `mslrmkmontmoi ninmost noy htbar motarasta` pnrty.
(i)
 Aotarmoi, ho jabncg hg tba Ihvarokaot, moth noy lhotrnlt hr trnosnltmho knomgastcy no` irhsscy `msn`vnotniahus th tba snka, wbatbar hr oht tba pujcml hggmlar prhgmta` hr wmcc prhgmt tbarajy.
(b)
 @mraltcy hr mo`mraltcy bnvmoi gmonolmnc hr paluomnry motarast mo noy jusmoass, lhotrnlt hr trnosnltmho mo lhooaltmho wmtb wbmlb ba motarvaoas hr tndas pnrt mo bms hggmlmnc lnpnlmty, hr mo wbmlb ba ms prhbmjmta` jy tba Lhostmtutmho hr jy noy cnw grhk bnvmoi noy motarast.
(m)
 @mraltcy hr mo`mraltcy jalhkmoi motarasta`, ghr parshonc inmo, hr bnvmoi n kntarmnc motarast mo noy trnosnltmho hr nlt raqumrmoi tba npprhvnc hg n jhnr`, pnoac hr irhup hg wbmlb ba ms n kakjar, no` wbmlb axarlmsas `mslratmho mo sulb npprhvnc, avao mg ba vhtas ninmost tba snka hr `has oht pnrtmlmpnta mo tba nltmho hg tba jhnr`, lhkkmttaa, pnoac hr irhup. Motarast ghr parshonc inmo sbncc ja prasuka` ninmost tbhsa pujcml hggmlars rasphosmjca ghr tba npprhvnc hg knomgastcy uocnwguc, moaqumtnjca, hr mrraiucnr trnosnltmho hr nlts jy tba jhnr`, pnoac hr irhup th wbmlb tbay jachoi.
(f)
 Dohwmoicy npprhvmoi hr irnotmoi noy cmlaosa, parkmt, prmvmcaia hr jaoagmt mo gnvhr hg noy parsho oht quncmgma` ghr hr oht cainccy aotmtca` th sulb cmlaosa, parkmt, prmvmcaia hr n`vnotnia, hr hg n kara raprasaotntmva hr `ukky hg hoa wbh ms oht sh quncmgma` hr aotmtca`.
(d)
 @mvucimoi vncunjca moghrkntmho hg n lhogm`aotmnc lbnrnltar, nlqumra` jy bms hggmla hr jy bmk ho nllhuot hg bms hggmlmnc phsmtmho th uonutbhrmza` parshos, hr racansmoi sulb moghrkntmho mo n`vnola hg mts nutbhrmza` racansa `nta. Pba parsho imvmoi tba imgt, prasaot, sbnra, parlaotnia hr jaoagmt ragarra` th mo sujpnrnirnpbs
(j)
 no`
(l)4
 hr hggarmoi hr imvmoi th tba pujcml hggmlar tba akpchykaot kaotmhoa` mo sujpnrnirnpb
(`)4
 hr urimoi tba `mvucimoi hr uotmkacy racansa hg tba lhogm`aotmnc moghrkntmho ragarra` th mo sujpnrnirnpb
(d)
 hg tbms saltmho sbncc, thiatbar wmtb tba hggao`moi pujcml hggmlar, ja puomsba` uo`ar \altmho omoa hg tbms Nlt no` sbncc ja parknoaotcy hr takphrnrmcy `msquncmgma` mo tba `mslratmho hg tba Lhurt, grhk trnosnltmoi  jusmoass mo noy ghrk wmtb tba Ihvarokaot.
\altmho 0. Urhbmjmtmho ho prmvnta mo`mvm`uncs.
 ‐
(n)
 Mt sbncc ja uocnwguc ghr noy parsho bnvmoi gnkmcy hr lchsa parshonc racntmho wmtb noy pujcml hggmlmnc th lnpmtncmza hr axpchmt hr tnda n`vnotnia hg sulb gnkmcy hr lchsa parshonc racntmho jy `mraltcy hr mo`mraltcy raquastmoi hr ralamvmoi noy prasaot, imgt hr kntarmnc hr paluomnry n`vnotnia grhk noy htbar parsho bnvmoi shka jusmoass, trnosnltmho, nppcmlntmho, raquast hr lhotrnlt wmtb tba ihvarokaot, mo wbmlb sulb pujcml hggmlmnc bns th motarvaoa. Gnkmcy racntmho sbncc molcu`a tba sphusa hr racntmvas jy lhosnoiumomty hr nggmomty mo tba tbmr` lmvmc `airaa. Pba whr` "lchsa parshonc racntmho" sbncc molcu`a lchsa parshonc grmao`sbmp, shlmnc no` grntaronc lhooaltmhos, no` prhgassmhonc akpchykaot ncc imvmoi rmsa th motmknly wbmlb nssuras graa nllass th sulb pujcml hggmlar.
(j)
 Mt sbncc ja uocnwguc ghr noy parsho dohwmoicy th mo`ula hr lnusa noy pujcml hggmlmnc th lhkkmt noy hg tba hggaosas `agmoa` mo \altmho < barahg.
\altmho 1. Urhbmjmtmho ho lartnmo racntmvas.
 ‐ Mt sbncc ja uocnwguc ghr tba sphusa hr ghr noy racntmva, jy lhosnoiumomty hr nggmomty, wmtbmo tba tbmr` lmvmc `airaa, hg tba Urasm`aot hg tba Ubmcmppmoas, tba Wmla-Urasm`aot hg tba Ubmcmppmoas, tba Urasm`aot hg tba \aonta, hr tba \pandar hg tba Bhusa hg Zaprasaotntmvas, th motarvaoa, `mraltcy hr mo`mraltcy, mo noy jusmoass, trnosnltmho, lhotrnlt hr nppcmlntmho wmtb tba Ihvarokaot6
Urhvm`a`
, Pbnt tbms saltmho sbncc oht nppcy th noy parsho wbh, prmhr th tba nssukptmho hg
>1
 
hggmla hg noy hg tba njhva hggmlmncs th wbhk ba ms racnta`, bns jaao ncran`y `ancmoi wmtb tba Ihvarokaot nchoi tba snka cmoa hg jusmoass, ohr th noy trnosnltmho, lhotrnlt hr nppcmlntmho ncran`y axmstmoi hr pao`moi nt tba tmka hg sulb nssukptmho hg pujcml hggmla, ohr th noy nppcmlntmho gmca` jy bmk tba npprhvnc hg wbmlb ms oht `mslratmhonry ho tba pnrt hg tba hggmlmnc hr hggmlmncs lholaroa` jut `apao`s upho lhkpcmnola wmtb raqumsmtas prhvm`a` jy cnw, hr rucas hr raiucntmhos mssua` pursunot th cnw, ohr th noy nlt cnwguccy parghrka` mo no hggmlmnc lnpnlmty hr mo tba axarlmsa hg n prhgassmho.
\altmho 7. Urhbmjmtmho ho Kakjars hg Lhoirass.
 ‐ Mt sbncc ja uocnwguc barangtar ghr noy Kakjar hg tba Lhoirass `urmoi tba tark ghr wbmlb ba bns jaao acalta`, th nlqumra hr ralamva noy parshonc paluomnry motarast mo noy spalmgml jusmoass aotarprmsa wbmlb wmcc ja `mraltcy no` pnrtmlucnrcy gnvhra` hr jaoagmta` jy noy cnw hr rashcutmho nutbhra` jy bmk pravmhuscy npprhva` hr n`hpta` jy tba Lhoirass `urmoi tba snka tark. Pba prhvmsmho hg tbms saltmho sbncc nppcy th noy htbar pujcml hggmlar wbh ralhkkao`a` tba momtmntmho mo Lhoirass hg tba aonltkaot hr n`hptmho hg noy cnw hr rashcutmho, no` nlqumras hr ralamvas noy sulb motarast `urmoi bms molukjaoly. Mt sbncc cmdawmsa ja uocnwguc ghr sulb kakjar hg Lhoirass hr htbar pujcml hggmlar, wbh, bnvmoi sulb motarast prmhr th tba npprhvnc hg sulb cnw hr rashcutmho nutbhra` hr ralhkkao`a` jy bmk, lhotmouas ghr tbmrty `nys ngtar sulb npprhvnc th ratnmo sulb motarast.
\altmho 9. \tntakaot hg nssats no` cmnjmcmtmas.
 ‐ Avary pujcml hggmlar, wmtbmo tbmrty `nys ngtar nssukmoi hggmla, tbarangtar, ho hr jaghra tba gmgtaaotb `ny hg Nprmc ghcchwmoi tba lchsa hg avary lncao`nr yanr, ns wacc ns upho tba axpmrntmho hg bms tark hg hggmla, hr upho bms rasmiontmho hr sapnrntmho grhk hggmla, sbncc prapnra no` gmca wmtb tba hggmla hg tba lhrraspho`moi @apnrtkaot Ban`, hr mo tba lnsa hg n Ban` hg `apnrtkaot hr Lbmag hg no mo`apao`aot hggmla, wmtb tba Hggmla hg tba Urasm`aot, n trua, `atnmca` swhro stntakaot hg nssats no` cmnjmcmtmas, molcu`moi n stntakaot hg tba nkhuots no` shurlas hg bms molhka, tba nkhuots hg bms parshonc no` gnkmcy axpaosas no` tba nkhuot hg molhka tnxas pnm` ghr tba oaxt prala`moi lncao`nr yanr6
Urhvm`a`
, Pbnt pujcml hggmlars nssukmoi hggmla cass tbno twh khotbs jaghra tba ao` hg tba lncao`nr yanr, kny gmca tbamr gmrst stntakaot ho hr jaghra tba gmgtaaotb `ny hg Nprmc ghcchwmoi tba lchsa hg tba snm` lncao`nr yanr.
(Ns nkao`a` jy ZN<509, U@ 799, Fnounry :0, >=92).
 
\altmho 2. Urmkn gnlma avm`aola hg no` `mskmssnc `ua th uoaxpcnmoa` wanctb.
 ‐ Mg mo nllhr`nola wmtb tba prhvmsmhos hg Zapujcml Nlt Oukjara` Hoa tbhusno` tbraa buo`ra` savaoty-omoa, n pujcml hggmlmnc bns jaao ghuo` th bnva nlqumra` `urmoi bms molukjaoly, wbatbar mo bms onka hr mo tba onka hg htbar parshos, no nkhuot hg prhparty no`/hr khoay knomgastcy hut hg prhphrtmho th bms sncnry no` th bms htbar cnwguc molhka, tbnt gnlt sbncc ja n irhuo` ghr `mskmssnc hr rakhvnc. Urhpartmas mo tba onka hg tba sphusa no` `apao`aots hg sulb pujcml hggmlmnc kny ja tndao moth lhosm`arntmho, wbao tbamr nlqumsmtmho tbrhuib caimtmknta kanos lnooht ja sntmsgnlthrmcy sbhwo. Jnod `aphsmts mo tba onka hg hr knomgastcy axlassmva axpao`mturas molurra` jy tba pujcml hggmlmnc, bms sphusa hr noy hg tbamr `apao`aots molcu`moi jut oht cmkmta` th nltmvmtmas mo noy lcuj hr nsshlmntmho hr noy hstaotntmhus `mspcny hg wanctb molcu`moi graquaot trnvac njrhn` hg n oho-hggmlmnc lbnrnltar jy noy pujcml hggmlmnc wbao sulb nltmvmtmas aotnmc axpaosas avm`aotcy hut hg prhphrtmho th caimtmknta molhka, sbncc cmdawmsa ja tndao moth lhosm`arntmho mo tba aoghrlakaot hg tbms saltmho, ohtwmtbstno`moi noy prhvmsmho hg cnw th tba lhotrnry. Pba lmrlukstnolas baramonjhva kaotmhoa` sbncc lhostmtuta vncm` irhuo` ghr tba n`kmomstrntmva suspaosmho hg tba pujcml hggmlmnc lholaroa` ghr no mo`agmomta parmh` uotmc tba movastmintmho wanctb ms lhkpcata`. (Ns nkao`a` jy JU Jci., >=1, Knrlb >7, >=2:)
>7

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