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Themes of Suratul Kahf and the Trial of the Dajjal (False Messiah)

Themes of Suratul Kahf and the Trial of the Dajjal (False Messiah)

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Published by Hassan Basarally
A paper highlighting some of the major themes of Suratul Kahf, the eighteenth chapter of the Noble Quran. It highlights of the lessons from the Surah helps the Muslim prepare for the trial of the Dajjal (False Messiah).
A paper highlighting some of the major themes of Suratul Kahf, the eighteenth chapter of the Noble Quran. It highlights of the lessons from the Surah helps the Muslim prepare for the trial of the Dajjal (False Messiah).

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Published by: Hassan Basarally on Jun 10, 2014
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11/22/2014

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Hassan Basarally 1120020 TAF 502 1
Final Assignment Course Name: Tafseer 2 Course Code: TAF 502 Instructor: Shaykh Assim Al Hakeem Student Details  Name: Hassan Basarally Student ID: 1120020 Batch: Semester: 5-Spring 2014 Assignment Question Submit an assignment on the following: Word count (800- 1200 Words):  No prophet came except that they warned their people about ad-dajjaal.' Rasulullah (
 ىصيعسو
 ) told us that the greatest tribulation is Dajjaal. Write a paper citing the major themes of Surah Kahf and show those having correlations to the trials of Dajjaal (The Anti-Christ).
 
Hassan Basarally 1120020 TAF 502 2
ّا
 
ِـّا
 
ِْِ
 
ّا
 
ِٰَْ
 
ِِ
 
Suratul Kahf was one of the first chapters of the Quran revealed and its main theme is Fitnah, the different types of it and how to deal with it. Even though the Dajjal, may he be cursed, is not mentioned in the Surah, the lessons of how to deal with the different types of Fitan are extremely important for any Muslim that may be alive to face this trial. This is because the trials of religion, wealth, knowledge and power will all be brought by the Dajjal causing many to be deceived by it and believe in his claims of divinity. Fitnah,
 
ف
 in the Arabic language refers to temptation and trial. Its root is Fatana,
ف
, which means to turn away, to subject to temptations or trials, seduce, tempt, entice.
1
In Islam, it refers to
a good or bad thing that happens to a person, which is normally considered a test of a Muslim’s
faith.
2
 Therefore, when Fitnah occurs one either comes out stronger, gaining reward or becomes overwhelmed, not gaining any character development from the experience. Suratul Kahf contains four main stories, each representing a different type of Fitnah and each type of Fitnah is one that will be brought by the Dajjal. The first type of Fitnah is that of religion in the story of the young men and the cave. The young men lived in a town with a disbelieving king. In order to protect their religion and escape  persecution, they migrated to the cave and fell asleep. They awoke three hundred and nine years later when the entire city had changed and they were no longer in any immediate danger from the oppressive ruler. One of the claims that the Dajjal will bring is that he, may he be cursed, is Allah
ت
 
و
 
ه حبس
. This is seen in the Hadeeth of Abu Umamah Al Bahili:
1
 Hans Wehr: A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, Ed. J. M. Cowan, 3
rd
 Ed., Spoken Languages Services Inc., 1976
2
 A Dictionary of Islamic Words and Expressions, M. I. Saleh, 2
nd
 Ed., Muntada al Islami, 2002
 
Hassan Basarally 1120020 TAF 502 3
ص
 
ْُَ
 
ُُِصََ
 
ِَ
 
اُُْَ
 
ُسّا
 
ََ
 
ِّا
 
َدَِ
 
َّِَ
 
ََو
 
ِَ
 
ََ
 
ُلُََ
 
ُَْَ
 
ُّِ
 
ِْَق
 
ِَ
 
ُّِ
 
َْِَ
 
ْَ
 
ًَ
 
ْُَر
 
ََ
 
ُلُََ
 
َُ
 
ّُ
 
يِْَ
.
ُُَ
 
ّَ
 
ْُّَر
 
َنْوََ
 
ََو
 
O slaves of Allah, remain steadfast. I will describe him to you in a manner in which none of the Prophets has described him before me. He will start by saying "I am a Prophet," and there is no Prophet after me. Then a second time he will say: "I am your Lord." But you will not see your Lord until you die. (Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 1, Book 36, Hadith 4077)
This is a great trial of religion for the Muslim, as falling into the traps of the Dajjal will result in apostasy. There are Ahadeeth of minor Dajjals appearing throughout time, claiming to be  prophets. When one looks at history, many have left the fold of Islam through such claims, for example, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and the Qadianis and Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam. Suratul Kahf teaches that to avoid this Fitnah one must be willing to forsake the comfort of home, family and easy living and migrate or flee to preserve ones religion. Making Hijrah was a major trait of Muslims at the time of the Prophet,
سو
 
هيع
 
ا
 
ىص
, and toward the time near the Day of Judgement the Muslim will have to remain on this to keep ones Islam. This is where holding on to the people of the truth, despite their numbers is extremely important. Allah
و
 
ه حبسىت
 says:
ْِْصاَوَر
 
َنُْَ
 
َِّا
 
َعَ
 
ََْَ
 
ُّُ
 
ِَْاَو
 
ِةاََْ
 
ُَْَو
 
َنوُ
 
 
ُ
 
ْُْَ
 
َكَْَ
 
ُْَ
 
ََو
 
ِةََْا
 
ََِز
 
ُ
 
َْا
 
 
ْِذ
 
َ
 
ُَْَق
 
َْَْغَ
 
ْَ
 
ْعِُ
 
ََو
 
ُْَ
 
َنََو
 
ُاََ
 
َعَّاَو
 
َ
 
ُُ
 
ُه
 
ً
 
And keep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the evening, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them,

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