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Present Simple vs. Present Continuous & Wh-questions

Present Simple vs. Present Continuous & Wh-questions

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Published by Andrés Ramos
Differences between those tenses and uses of wh-questions
Differences between those tenses and uses of wh-questions

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Published by: Andrés Ramos on Nov 22, 2009
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03/23/2013

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Present Simple vs. Present Continuous
1.We use the present simple for:
Facts and/or permanent states.
 Anna
studies
Psychology in Kansas.
General truths and laws of nature.
Water 
boils
at 100°C.
Habits and routines (with
always, usually
, etc).
Heusually 
walks
to work.
 Timetables and programmes (in the future).
The performance
starts
at 6:30 pm.
 The
time expressions
we use with the present simple are:
usually, often, always, every day/week/month/year etc, inthe morning/afternoon/evening, at night/the weekend, onFridays, etc.
1.
We use the present continuous (to be + -ing) for:
Actions taking place at or around the moment ospeaking.
 Jackson
is eating
a bowl of ice cream.
 Temporary situations.
They 
are painting
the fence.
Fixed arrangements in the near future.
We
are playing
basketball tonight.
Currently changing and developing situations.
Drugtraffic and violence
are growing
day to day.
 The
time expressions
we use with the present continuousare:
now, at the moment, at present, these days,nowadays, still, today, tonight 
 
, etc.
Stative Verbs
Stative verbs are verbs which describe a state rather thanan action, and so they do not usually have a continuoustense. These verbs are:
Verbs of the senses (
appear, feel, hear, look, see,seem, smell, sound, taste,
etc.).
Mark 
seems
to beill.
Verbs of perception (
believe, forget, know, realise,remember, understand,
etc.).
I
don’t believe
Sarahis getting married!
 
Verbs which express feelings and emotions (
desire,detest, enjoy, hate, like, love, prefer, want,
etc.).
Daniel
detests
his co-workers.
Some other verbs (
be, belong, contain, cost, fit,have, include, keep, matter, need, owe, own,want, weigh, wish,
etc.).
I
owe
Karen an enormousapologize.
Wh-questions
Wh-questions begin with a question word, such as
who,when, what, where,
etc. We always put the auxiliary ormodal verb before the subject.Question word + auxiliary/modal + subjectFor:
People:
who/whose
Who
did you see?” “Scarlett”.
Whose
is that car?” “It’s John’s”.
Things:
what/which
“What
do you want?” “Some shoes”.
Which
book does Anthony need?” “
The Catcher inthe Rye”.
Place:
where
“Where
do you live?” “Tucson, Arizona”.
Time:
when/how long/how often
“When
did he say that?” “Right before he left”.
“How long
have you been living in London?”“Almost four years”.
“How often
do you go to the cinema?” “Twice amonth, I think”.
Quantity/number:
how much/how many
“How much
does that school bag cost?” “Twentypounds”.
How many
hot-dogs did you prepare?” “Aroundthirty”.
Manner:
how
“How
did you arrive so early?” “I took a taxi”.
Reason:
why
“Why
is she sad?She broke up with hisboyfriend”.

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