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Cognitive Psychology Notes

Cognitive Psychology Notes

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Published by Soman
Cognitive Psychology Notes from CU Class 2014
Cognitive Psychology Notes from CU Class 2014

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Published by: Soman on Jun 12, 2014
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Cognitive Psychology
*Random Notes: rTMS in Boulder?! Mindstorm Youtube vid Psi Chi CU
 – 
 MUEN D442
 – 
 How to go to grad school & other presentations Me - We are less entrained than animals
 – 
 maybe the creation of/listening to of music is a surrogate for our entrainment, to keep us sane or harken back to an older form-shaping influence? Gustav Becker (spelling? The clockmaker?)
 – 
 did pendulum movement, math equations, logarithmic scale b/w physical and mental world
 – 
 proved that the world is spiritual
“you can convert them to each other”
- he was a mystic of sorts). Richard Corey
 – 
 Twilight Zone. Creative people produce variation & pick the best of it! Artists are passionate, obsessive and bold. Galton influenced Freud. He was like Athanasius Kircher, a nutty polymath with just as many bad ideas as  good ones.
Memes came from Dawkin’s books –i.e. the ‘religious gene’ could be a meme. The meme idea has “not worked out well” in cognitive psych. (Nevertheless Berta, viral memes in culture are a very rea
l phenomena). BF Skinner made a language-generating machine and people would hear words from the nonsense
 generated by it; this is the basis for EVP’s in the parapsychology world, supposedly.
 Clones don't share MT DNA like identical twins, there are concordant and discordant traits. The ventricles are larger in schizophrenia. Boxers get large ventricles from brain damage - dementia pugilistica.
iPad has higher resolution than eyes on the ‘Retina Display’ ??!!!
 Broca-Sulzer effect/curve. Hig
h fidelity = turn up the volume & won’t hear background noise.
 
REM intrusion = sleep paralysis, including breathing difficulty. ‘Grey ghost’ of Vietnam, ‘old hag’, etc.
 Epilepsy
 
 seeing auras, déjà vu, etc. A seizure is in the brain only = rhythmic brain activity. Convulsions are technically in the rest of the body. Sub-convulsive temporal seizures = psychic phenomena, alien abductions, auto-scoping. The Memory Book
 – 
 Jerry Lucas
 
 techniques The Ancient Greeks read forwards, then backwards the next lin
e, then forwards again (for efficiency’s sake)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 The retina develops out of the brain
 – 
 embryologically and evolutionarily.
“Mary Merry Marry” 
 test for American dialects. 256 shades of grey between black and white.  A large correlation in social science is 0.5.
Prototype theory = a cognitive formation of a Platonic Ideal. I.e. your ideal of the ‘most beautiful woman’
can stay with you as a prototype that informs future events and encounters. Tethitoscope (?)
 – 
 flashes words on a screen for milliseconds & tests your recognition, memory ability. 80% of the prison population are bad readers but good artists & musicians. (?) Human factors engineering..
“Take 5” Beatnik song
 
“matters of fact” = actually what t 
he person thinks they know Random numbers are the most difficult thing to remember Our textbook written by Matlin is written in the first-person active voice (we, our etc.) instead of third person  passive voice, which is boring to read & harder to pay attention to.
 
nondirective therapist “Liza” was a therapist computer program. “Perry the paranoid” was ano
ther computer  program.
Hypnosis enhances confidence, not memory.
Malthus - the population is increasing geometrically while food production is increasing arithmetically. Darwin confirmed this theory. Creativity is because of youth. Mathematicians are typically done by age 40. A new look at stuff means less entrained mental connections Clark Hull - psychological equivalent of Principium Mathematica to predict all learning and behavior. If you're not hungry in the morning, that means the pH of your stomach is off. You don't have pictures in your head, but a code of high and low voltage. You can't directly see pictures in  your head. You have a verbal and auditory code along with a visual code and a code for all the senses. How are they translated to one another in the brain?
History of the cognitive approach Modern stimulus to cognitive psychology René Descartes (1596 to 1650) Themes that influence modern psychology 1)
 
Thinking is the essence of humans 2)
 
Mind and body both exist and interact a.
 
Yes, extended in time, but not space b.
 
Mind-body problem - how can two entities interact that by their nature cannot interact. c.
 
Materialism - only the physical realm is real. Mental phenomena are merely functions are aspects of the physical world (especially the brain). Mine is a function not a thing. Epiphenomenon - something produced that doesn't have an effect on the world. d.
 
Libet oscilloscope experiments - experiments that showed that our brains respond to events quicker than our minds even realize (and thus our bodies respond before we 'make decisions') causing mindless reactions and thus disproving free will. A controversial theory, but kind of interesting - using oscilloscopes as a clock in looking at brain activity. 3)
 
The body is a machine a.
 
Can study the body as a material object b.
 
Optics had a big effect on physiology
 psychology c.
 
Clocks were the big deal back then, getting more precise hydraulics, pneumatics d.
 
Cognitive process theory > theory of mind in cognitive psych
 
4)
 
Difference between derived and innate ideas a.
 
Derived ideas - due to experience b.
 
Innate ideas - not due to experiences; built into us i.
 
(God, infinity,
-1)
 
“You are your own brain”, there is no
free will. Influence of derived and innate ideas: -
 
British empiricists -
 
Knowledge is obtained through the senses
o
 
All ideas are derived ideas
o
 
Innate ideas do not exist -
 
tabula rasa -
 
You can't really conceive infinity, nothingness, imaginary numbers etc. yet they can be mathematically extracted. You don't really have/grasp the conceptualization of the concept, but you can use the abstract representation concept of it to work with the idea.
o
 
Impedance formula
o
 
Georg Cantor showed mathematically that some infinities are bigger than others
“Irresistible impulse” & “attractive nuisance” distinction (not pertinent to this subject)
 Association: - connecting ideas together David Hartley - laws of association (untested, armchair) Bishop George Berkeley
 rationalist: we can't know the external world; all we have are ideas. David Hume - cause-and-effect, the notion of self is lost because of this. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
 (influenced Hume) -
 
We do have any (innate?) knowledge -
 
Categories - forms by which the mind structures experience -
 
Influence - we impose order on the world -
 
His work
Critique of Pure Reason
 = the most boring book ever (great for insomnia!) *In the mind, color and pitch (which are perceived) are not actually in the world, only wavelength, frequency and amplitude Science of Psychology Wilhelm Wundt (1832 - 1920) -
 
Germany -
 
Last part of 1800’s
 -
 
Brought philosophy and physiology together as the science of psychology

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