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Technical Report Standard Page

Technical Report Standard Page

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1. Report No.
FHWA/LA.09/447
2. Government Accession No.
3. Recipient's
Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle
Volume Balance and Toxicity Analysis of Highway
Stormwater Discharge from Cross Lake Bridge
5. Report Date
June 2009
6. Performing Organization Code
LTRC Project No. 01-3ENV
State Project No. 736-99-0922
7. Author(s)
D. M. Griffin, Jr.
8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address

Civil Engineering Program
Louisiana Tech University
Ruston, LA 71270

10. Work Unit No.
11. Contract or Grant No.
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address:

Louisiana Department of Transportation and
Development
P.O. Box 94245
Baton Rouge, LA 70804-9245

13. Type of Report and Period Covered
Final Report
May 03\u2013August 09
14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes
16. Abstract

The Cross Lake Bridge in Shreveport, Louisiana, spans Cross Lake that serves as the city\u2019s water supply. Concern
about accidents on the bridge contaminating the lake prompted the Louisiana Department of Transportation and
Development (LADOTD) to construct a closed drainage system on the bridge to convey precipitation falling on the
bridge deck to a concrete lined holding pond on the east side of the lake. Once there, bridge runoff is tested for oil
and grease, pH, and lead before discharge to 12-mile bayou.

This report describes the methodology and results of two studies dealing with runoff from the Cross Lake Bridge.
The first examined the degree to which repairs to the Cross Lake Bridge\u2019s closed drainage system were successful
in capturing runoff from the bridge. An earlier study found that, because of leakage, only about one half of the
precipitation falling on the bridge actually ended up in the holding pond. This is substantially less than would be
expected from a catchment that is essentially impervious. To test the success of repairs to the drainage system,
volume balances for 22 precipitation events were conducted by comparing the rainfall on the bridge to the
subsequent flow into the pond. The ratio of the volume of runoff to the volume of precipitation was found to
average 0.86, which when compared to values from the previous study as well as published values, suggested a
successful repair of the drainage system.

The second study examined the use of the Microtox toxicity analysis system manufactured by Azur Environmental
for use as a screening tool to assess toxicity of the pond contents. Microtox protocols rely on measurement of light
output from a specific strain of luminescent bacteria. Toxicity is indicated when light output from the bacteria
decreases. Tests can be run in time periods ranging from 5 to 30 minutes. The standard endpoint of the tests occurs
once light output has dropped 50 percent and is termed the EC50. Samples from the water column and sediment
were collected and analyzed for toxicity using the basic test (liquid) and the basic solid phase test (sediment).

17. Key Words
Stormwater, runoff, toxicity.
18. Distribution Statement

Unrestricted. This document is available through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 21161.

19. Security Classif. (of this report)
N/A
20. Security Classif. (of this page)
N/A
21. No. of Pages51
22. Price
N/A
TECHNICAL REPORT STANDARD PAGE
Project Review Committee

Each research project has an advisory committee appointed by the LTRC Director. The
Project Review Committee is responsible for assisting the LTRC Administrator or Manager
in the development of acceptable research problem statements, requests for proposals, review
of research proposals, oversight of approved research projects, and implementation of
findings.

LTRC appreciates the dedication of the following Project Review Committee Members in
guiding this research study to fruition.
LTRC Administrator/Manager
Chester G. Wilmot
Special Studies Research Manager
Members

Ed Bodker
Gregory du Cote
Curtis Fletcher
Vince Russo

Directorate Implementation Sponsor
William B. Temple

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