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6_sistemasEDOs

6_sistemasEDOs

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Published by Cruzado Rodriguez

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Published by: Cruzado Rodriguez on Jun 13, 2014
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06/13/2014

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1
6. Sistemas de ecuaciones
diferenciales lineales
(© Chema Madoz, VEGAP, Madrid 2009)
 
2
Sistemas de ecuaciones lineales de primer
orden
 
Forma normal:
)()()()( )()()()( )()()()(
2211 22222121 211212111 1
 f   xa xa xa ddx f   xa xa xa ddx f   xa xa xa ddx
nnnnnn nnnnn
Supondremos que los coeficientes
a
ij 
(t)
 y las funciones
(t)
 son
continuas en un intervalo
. Si todas las f's son cero diremos que el
sistema lineal
es
 homogéneo
.
 
3
Forma matricial
            
)()()()(,)()()( )()()( )()()( )(,)()()(
2121222211121121
 f   f   f  aaa aaa aaa  x x x
nnnnn nnn
 FAX
FAXX
 
                
)()()()()()()()()( )()()( )()()( )()()(
212121222211121121
 f   f   f   x x xaaa aaa aaa  x x xdt 
nnnnnn nnn
AXX
 
El sistema homogéneo asociado será:

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