brief list, landmarks are
But landmarks also include
prominent natu- ral features
such as a mountain peak, glacier,volcano, cliffs, or other suitable natural ob- jects.
This chapter provides information on thetype and utility of landmarks and how theseare depicted on nautical charts. This chapteralso identifies sources of additional informa-tion (e.g., the
U.S. Coast Pilot, Chart No. 1,United States of America Nautical Chart Ab- breviations and Terms
),which supplement that provided on the nau-tical chart. Finally, the chapter concludeswith practical pointers on the selection of land-marks for navigation and why landmarks aresometimes not seen or identified when under-way.
Importance of Landmarks in CoastalNavigation
All mariners, with varying degrees of for-mality, employ landmarks for navigation.Used in conjunction with seamans eye orinformal navigation, landmarks serve to de-termine an approximate position, define haz-ardous areas, provide directions for harbor
It is important that natural features have clearly defined reference points that can be accuratelylocated if these are to be charted as
Mountains with rounded peaks would probably
becharted as landmarks, although the topography would be shown.
Introduction and Overview
According to accepted NOAA
Nautical Chart Manual
...is any fixed natural or artificial ob- ject on land which is prominent fromseaward and can be used in determin-ing a direction or position. The termexcludes objects expressly erected fornavigational purposes such as lights ordaybeacons. Prominence is the firstrequisite for a landmark, but ease of positive identification is also impor-tant. The unusual or unique featuremay qualify as a landmark because it iseasy to identify although not particu-larly prominent.A more complete list of landmarks typicallycharted is provided later in this chapter.Briefly, however, landmarks include such ob- jects as buildings, stacks, tanks, domes, tow-ers of various descriptions, spires and radioantennas. (Not all of these objects in a givenarea would be charted as landmarks, however.)Often, as in the examples presented in this
Even with the best charts, we are cautious about fixing our position, for it is so easy to goof.And the easiest way of all is by taking a mark,assuming it is the right one, and ignoring any others that may be in sight. Patrick Ellam