time. Liberal quantities of organic manure should be incorporated in the soil before plating.Strawberry can be planted on flat beds, in the form of hill rows or matted rows, or it can be planted on raised beds. In irrigated areas, plantings on ridges is advised.
A large number of varieties are available. For the hilly areas, varieties Royal Sovereign, Srinagar and Dilpasand are suitable. Some of the introductions from California, such as Torrey, Toiga andSolana may prove even more successful. The variety found successful in Bangalore has beennamed Bangalore and which has performed well at Mahabaleshwar also. For the north Indian plains, Pusa Early Dwarf which has dwarf plants, large firm wedge-shaped fruits, has beenrecommended. Another variety with rich aroma but softer fruits is Katrain Sweet. Some of thevarieties found successful in warmer parts of the U.S.A. are: Premier Florida-90, Missionary,Blackmore, Klonmore & Klondike. Some of these may prove successful for cultivation in Indian plains.
Usually runners are most common propagating material for strawberry but now a daysdue to more prevalence of different strains of virus tissue-cultured planting material is preferredwhich is imported from western countries. The runners are selected that formed after the blooming season. The plants may be allowed to set as many runners as possible but not allowedto set any fruits. All the plants with good root system should be utilised to set a new plantation.Given the best attention and care, a single plant usually produces 12 to 18 runners. In some places propagation has been noticed by using seeds and stem cuttings also. Disease-free plantsare important to successful strawberry production. To insure disease-free plants, always buyhealthy, virus-free plants from a reliable nursery rather than using plants from your own or aneighbours planting.
5. PLANTINGA. Planting techniques
For commercial cultivation of strawberry, raised bed cultivation is found quite feasiblewhich ensures proper drainage, easy intercultural operations and facilitates installation of microirrigation system. After land preparation, beds of 25 cm height and 105 cm width of convenientlength should be made at a distance of 50 cm. Planting of runners should be done at 25 cm x 25cm spacing with four rows of plants per bed. About one lakh fresh and healthy runners arerequired for planting in an area of one hectare. Planting time is considered as one of the most