In order to communicate with the computer and get the results of the information youhave put into the computer, output devices are needed. Outputted information can bedisplayed as screen information, printed on paper, or outputted as sound.Examples of output devices includespeakers, monitor , printers,and I/O Architecture
How They Work?
Output is the result of processes that are done on the computer. An output device receivesinformation from the computer and translates it from machine language to a form thathumans can read or so that another machine can read the information.
Types of Output Devices
Output that is readable by the user can be categorized into two categories:
Hard copy is a relatively permanent form of output that can be read immediately or storedfor later use, such as paper. Printers are the most common hard copy output devices.
Soft copy is a transient form of output, for example, text on a screen display. It is lostwhen the computer is turned off unless it is saved in the main memory or on a disk.
VISUAL OUTPUT DEVICES
Display devices are the visual output devices of computers, the most common type beinga monitor. A monitor looks like a television and has a screen. The monitor will displaywhat the user is doing so he or she can see it before producing a hard copy.
A color monitor can display text or graphics in colour. Colour monitors are usedvery widely today. Some are capable of displaying millions of colours, more thanthe human eye can see, but the average monitor will display up to 256 colours atone time.
Monochrome monitors display a single colour such as green or amber on a black background or black characters on a white background. These monitors are lessexpensive than colour ones and are often used for word processing.