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The 2007-2008 Outline in Constitutional Law

The 2007-2008 Outline in Constitutional Law

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The 2007-2008 Outline inCONSTITUTIONAL LAW
By Dean Mariano F. Magsalin Jr.
GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
Concept and Origin of the Bill of RightsClassification
1. Civil Rights2. Political Rights3. Social and Economic Rights
Doctrine of Preferred Freedom (Hierarchy of Rights)
PBM Employees Org. vs. PBM Co., Inc., 51 SCRA 189 (1973)
The Fundamental Powers of the State
Similarities, Differences & Limitations
POLICE POWER 
Definition, Scope & BasisCharacteristicsWho exercises said power?Tests of Police Power
Laws:
Balacuit v. CFI, G.R. No. L-38429, June 30, 1988Lozano vs. Matinez, 146 SCRA 323 (1986)Del Rosario vs. Bengzon, 180 SCRA 521 (1989)Tablarin vs. Judge Gutierrez, 152 SCRA 730 (1987)
 Zoning and Regulatory Ordinances:
Ermita-Malate Hotel & Motel Operators v. City Mayor, 20 SCRA 849 (1967)Cruz vs. Paras, 123 SCRA 569 (1983)Velasco vs. Villegas, 120 SCRA 568 (1983)Magtajas vs. Pryce Properties, 234 SCRA 255 (1994)Tano v. Socrates, G.R. 110249, August 27, 1997City of Manila v. Judge Laguio, G.R. No. 118127, April 12, 2005
 Administrative Rules and Regulations
Bautista vs. Junio, 127 SCRA 329 (1984)Taxicab Operators of Metro Manila vs. BOT, 119 SCRA 597 (1982)Mirasol v. DPWH, G.R. No. 158793, June 8, 2006Anglo-Fil Trading vs. Lazaro, 124 SCRA 494 (1983)PPA v. Cipres Stevedoring, G.R. No. 145742, July 14, 2005Chavez v. Romulo, G.R. No. 157036. June 9, 2004
EMINENT DOMAIN
DefinitionWho exercises the power?
City of Manila vs. Chinese Cemetery of Manila, 40 Phil 349 (1919)Moday v. Court of Appeals, 268 SCRA 368 (1997)
Constitutional limitation - Art. II, Sec. 9Distinguished from destruction due to necessityObjects of Expropriation
RP. v. PLDT, 26 SCRA 620 (1969)
Where Expropriation Suit is Filed
Barangay San Roque v. Heirs of Pastor, GR 138896 June 20, 2000
Taking
Definition and scope
Requisites of Taking
Republic vs. Castelvi, 58 SCRA 336 (1974)City Govt. of Quezon City vs. Ericta, 122 SCRA 759 (1983)
Deprivation of Use
Republic vs. Fajardo , 104 Phil.443 (1958)
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Napocor vs. Gutierrez, 193 SCRA 1 (1991)Napocor v. San Pedro, G.R. 170945, September 26, 2006U.S. v. Causby, 328 U.S. 256 (1946)PPI v. Comelec, 244 SCRA 272 (1995)
Priority in Expropriation
Filstream International v. CA, 284 SCRA 716 (1998)City of Mandaluyong v. Francisco, G.R. No. 137152, January 29, 2001Lagcao v. Judge Labra, G.R. No. 155746, October 13, 2004JIL v. Mun. of Pasig, G.R. 152230, August 9, 2005
Public use
Heirs of Juancho Ardona vs. Reyes, 125 SCRA 220 (1983)Sumulong vs. Guerrero, 154 SCRA 461 (1987)Province of Camarines Sur vs. CA, 222 SCRA 170 (1993)Manosca v. Court of Appeals, 252 SCRA 412 (1996)Estate of Jimenez v. PEZA, G.R. No. 137285, January 16, 2001
Government Withdrawal
NHA v. Heirs of Isidro Guivelondo, G.R. No. 154411. June 19, 2003NPC & Pobre v. CA, G.R. No. 106804. August 12, 2004
Recovery of Expropriated Land
ATO v. Gopuco, G.R. No. 158563, June, 30 2005Republic v. Lim, G.R. 161656, June 29, 2005
Genuine Necessity
Mun. of Meycayauan vs. IAC, 157 SCRA 640 (1988)De Knecht vs. Bautista, 100 SCRA 660 (1980)Republic vs. De Knecht, G.R. 87351, February 12, 1990De la Paz Masikip v. Judge Legaspi, G.R. No. 136349, January 23, 2006
Just Compensation
Defined 
Eslaban v. De Onorio, G.R. No. 146062, June 28, 2001RP vs. IAC, et al., G.R. No. 71176, May 21, 1990
Determination of Just Compensation
EPZA vs. Dulay, 149 SCRA 305 (1987)
When Determined 
Ansaldo vs. Tantuico, G.R. 50147 August 3, 1990NAPOCOR v. Tiangco, G.R. No. 170846, February 6, 2007City of Cebu v. Spouses Dedamo, G.R. No. 142 971, May 07, 2002
Manner of Payment 
Assoc.of Small Landowners v. DAR, 175 SCRA 343 (1989)DAR v. CA, 249 SCRA 149 (1995)
Trial with Commissioners
Meralco v. Pineda, 206 SCRA 196 (1992)NPC v. Henson, G.R. No. 129998, December 29, 1998Napocor v. Sps. De la Cruz, G.R. No. 156093, February 2, 2007Leca Realty v. Republic, G.R. No. 155605, September 27, 2006
Legal Interest for Expropriation Cases
NPC v. Angas, 208 SCRA 542 (1992)Wycoco v. Judge Caspillo, G.R. No. 146733, January 13, 2004
Writ of Possession
City of Manila v. Oscar Serrano, G.R. No. 142304, June 20, 2001Republic v. Gingoyon, G.R. No. 166429, December 19, 2005
Expropriation of Utilities, Landed Estates and Municipal Property
Art. XII, Sec. 18Art. XIII, Sec. 4Art. XIII, Sec. 9City of Baguio vs. Nawasa, 106 Phil. 114 (1959)Zamboanga del Norte vs. City of Zamboanga, 22 SCRA 1334 (1968)
TAXATION
Definition and NaturePurpose
CIR vs. Algue, Inc., 158 SCRA 9 (1988)Commissioner vs. Makasiar, 177 SCRA 27 (1989)
 
Scope (The power to tax is the power to destroy)Who exercises the power?
Art. VI Sec. 28Art. XIV, Sec. 4 (3)Art. X, Sec. 5
Tax Exemptions
YMCA vs. CIR, 33 Phil. 217 (1916)Bishop of Nueva Segovia vs. Provincial Board, 51 Phil. 352 (1927)Lladoc vs. CIR, 14 SCRA 292 (1965)Province of Abra vs. Hernando, 107 SCRA 104 (1981)Abra Valley College vs. Aquino , 162 SCRA 106 (1988)American Bible Society vs. City of Manila, 101 Phil. 386 (1957)
Double Taxation
Punzalan vs. Municipal Board of Manila, 95 Phil.46 (1954)
License Fees
Physical Therapy Org. vs. Municipal Board, G.R. 10448, August 30, 1957
DUE PROCESS
Art. III, Sec. IArt. III. Sec. 14 (1)
Definition, Nature and ScopePurpose of the guaranty
Hurtado v. California, 110 U.S. 516 (1884)
Meaning of Life, Liberty, and PropertySubstantive Due Process
Villegas vs. Hu Chong Tsai Pao Ho, 86 SCRA 275 (1978)Rubi vs. Prov. Board of Mindoro, 39 Phil. 660 (1919)
Void for Vagueness/Overbreadth
Ople v. Torres, 292 SCRA 141. (1998)Estrada v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 148560, November 19, 2001David v. Arroyo, G.R. No. 171390, May 3, 2006Ong v. Sandiganbayayn, G.R. No. 126858, September 16, 2005
Procedural Due Process
Publication Requirement 
Tanada v. Tuvera, 146 SCRA 446 (1986)PITC v. Angeles, 263 SCRA 421 (1996)Republic v. Extelcom, G.R. 147096, January 15, 2002
 Impartial Court or Tribunal 
Tanada vs. PAEC, 141 SCRA 307 (1986)Anzaldo vs. Clave , 119 SCRA 353 (1982)Tejano v. Ombudsman, G.R. No. 159190, June 30, 2005Tumey vs. Ohio, 273 U.S. 510 (1997)People v. Court of Appeals, 262 SCRA 452 (1996)Tabuena v. Sandiganbayan, 268 SCRA 332 (1997)
Prejudicial Publicity 
Sheppard v. Maxwell, 384 U.S. 333 (1966)Webb v. De Leon, 247 SCRA 652 (1995)People v. Sanchez, G.R. No. 121039, October 18, 2001
Notice and Hearing:
Summary Dismissal Board v. Torcita, 330 SCRA 153 (2000)Secretary of Justice v. Lantion, G.R. No. 139466, October 17, 2000People vs. Estrada G.R. No. 130487 June 19, 2000Lim v. Court of Appeals, G.R. 111397, August 12, 2002
Opportunity to be Heard 
Budiongan v. De la Cruz, G.R. No. 170288, September 22, 2006Roxas v. Vasquez, G.R. 114944, June 21, 2001Marohombsar v. Judge Adiong, A.M. RTJ-02-1674, January 22, 2004
Exceptions to notice and hearing requirements
Philcomsat vs. Alcuaz, 180 SCRA 218 (1989)Suntay vs. People, 101 Phil. 833 (1957)De Bisshop vs. Galang, 8 SCRA 244 (1963)Var Orient Shipping Co., Inc. vs. Achacoso, 161 SCRA 232 (1988)
Administrative Due Process
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