Sept 16th 2008, MAREFORUM –GhislainLORTHIOIS –Page 2
A brief port History
The two past centuries,
the 19th and the first half 20th century.
Ports: instruments of state or colonial powers.Ports access meant to control market or area.Competition between ports was negligible.Port-related costs were relatively insignificant in comparison to thehigh cost of ocean transport and inland transport.Thus, improve port efficiency was less relevant.
Globalisation, as a phenomenon, is defined as a substantial (exponential)“expansion of cross-border networks and flows.”Symbols of globalisation have been the ever-increasing size and speed of shipsand the shrinking cost of commercial transport.Ocean transports have achieved tremendous productivity gains
increasing portscompetition.Port productivity had to and has to be improved.