Station, Ooty has developed integrated biodynamic organic farming systems whichincludes the application of lupin as green manure, biodynamic compost, vermicompost,vermiwash, seed treatment/soil spraying/foliar spraying of biodynamic preparations (cow pat pit, horn manure and horn silica), application of native strains of biofertilizers(
), bicontrol agents (
Metarrhiziumanisopliae, Trichoderma viride
), adoption of suitableintercropping/crop rotation systems, use of botanical extracts prepared from the locallyidentified weeds, spraying of dasagavya, use of insecticidal botanical baits, low costinsect traps, Agni hortra vedic homa farming techniques and spraying of Manchurian teaextract. In this system planting of different vegetables in certain days of a monthaccording to the planetary constellations which is very much in accordance to the vedictradition was also followed.
Organic farming technologies developed by Horticultural Research Station, Ooty :
Experiments were conducted to study the effect of Biodynamic organic farmingsystem on potato, cabbage, carrot, French beans, rosemary, carnation and gerbera atHorticultural Research Station, Ooty and also in the farmer’s fields during 2003-2006.The experiments consisted of the following four treatments
., (i) Biodynamic organicfarming, (ii) Conventional farming, (iii) Biodynamic + Conventional and (iv) Absolutecontrol.The results of the experiments revealed that adoption of integrated biodynamicorganic farming systems through scientific methods increased the mean yield of potato by10.4% and 10.9% under irrigated and rainfed conditions respectively over theconventional system. The practice of biodynamic organic farming system in potatocultivation has recorded the highest net profit of Rs. 1,10,000 under irrigated crop and Rs.60,000 under rainfed crop. But the conventional treatment has recorded only Rs. 45,000and Rs. 16,500 respectively. In carrot, 17.2% and 24.0% of additional yield was recordedin biodynamic organic farming system under irrigated and rainfed systems respectivelyand also found to increase contents of carbohydrate by 60 percent, protein by 66 percent,Vitamin C by 74 percent and
-carotene by 82 percent over the conventional system. In2