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Kitchen Rudders - Their Inventor and Some Applications

Kitchen Rudders - Their Inventor and Some Applications

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Published by Clyde Steamers
This document is essentially a supplement to "Kitchen Rudders Going Full Circle", which can be found online on scribd.com - Contrary to the persuasions of many writers and texts, 'Jack' Kitchen was NOT an Admiral in The Royal Navy, nor was his surname 'Kitchener', John George Aulsebrook Kitchen was a Lancashire engineer and invented not only the "Kitchen Rudder", which could spin a boat round in its own length and stop a boat 'almost dead' from full speed, but also, in 1904, invented a radio-controlled 'steerable' torpedo and ran The Lune Valley Engineering Company which produced high-pressure steam launch boilers and too Kitchen had a host of inventions to do with motor vehicles and tyres - Kitchen's rudder design was later adapted by others and in common use today as a 'reverse thruster' unit on jet-engined aircraft.
This document is essentially a supplement to "Kitchen Rudders Going Full Circle", which can be found online on scribd.com - Contrary to the persuasions of many writers and texts, 'Jack' Kitchen was NOT an Admiral in The Royal Navy, nor was his surname 'Kitchener', John George Aulsebrook Kitchen was a Lancashire engineer and invented not only the "Kitchen Rudder", which could spin a boat round in its own length and stop a boat 'almost dead' from full speed, but also, in 1904, invented a radio-controlled 'steerable' torpedo and ran The Lune Valley Engineering Company which produced high-pressure steam launch boilers and too Kitchen had a host of inventions to do with motor vehicles and tyres - Kitchen's rudder design was later adapted by others and in common use today as a 'reverse thruster' unit on jet-engined aircraft.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Clyde Steamers on Nov 23, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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KITCHEN RUDDERSTHEIR INVENTOR and SOMEAPPLICATIONS
 This document is essentially a supplement to "
Kitchen Rudders Going Full Circle
", whichcan be found online on scribd.com athttp://www.scribd.com/doc/22236032/Kitchen-Rudders-Going-Full-Circleit, amongst other things, containing drawings and details of an installationfitted in a 1966-built 40-foot long GRP-hulled Keith Nelson launch which was put up for sale inthe late autumn of 2009.Contrary to the persuasions of many writers and texts, 'Jack' Kitchen was NOT an Admiral in The Royal Navy, nor was his surname 'Kitchener', that 'Kitchener' the one famous for his1914 WWI recruitment poster and he, Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st EarlKitchener KG, KP, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, ADC, PC, lost at sea on June 5, 1916whilst en route to the Russian port of Arkhangelsk aboard HMS "Hampshire", she striking amine laid by the newly-launched German U-boat
U-
75, commanded by Curt Beitzen andsinking west of The Orkney Islands, Kitchener, his staff and 643 of the crew of 655 drowningor dying of exposure and Kitchener's body never found.1
 
 John George Aulsebrook Kitchen
 John George Aulsebrook Kitchen was born at 54 Cropper's Hill, Eccleston, St. Helens, inLancashire, on November 4, 1869, his father, William Henry Aulsebrook Kitchen, describedas an 'agent' and his Portuguese mother, Ellen Teresa Francisca Kitchen (neé Joza), Kitchenseemingly moving later to 28 Rose Grove, Manchester, he then serving his time with anunidentified engineering firm there.In January 1897, Kitchen married Sarah Isobel Garnett (1876 - 1969) in Windermere's CarverMemorial (Congregational) Church, Sarah's father a florist and nurseryman with gardens atRayrigg Road, Bowness-on-Windermere, the couple living initially in Manchester's AlexandraPark but soon moving to Heathwaite, Windermere and, when The Lune Valley Motor CarriageWorks was started in 1903, moving to Lancaster, first to Aldcliffe Road and then to 7 RoseBank, Scotforth. Then, in 1921 and The Lune Valley Motor Carriage Works, founded in 1903, running down,the Kitchens moved to Storrs Park, Bowness-on-Windermere and the Kitchens building'Brookfield', near the Ferry Nab, a separate garage, with a workshop above., satisfyingKitchen's interests. The Kitchens had no children, Sarah Kitchen's neice, Daisy Garnett, living with them at'Brookfield' till 1926, when she married Frank D. Hoggarth, a tobacco and snuff manufacturer,the Hogarths, at least after Frank's retiral, living in Kendal and, they then 'down-sizing' andmoving to a smaller house, Daisy, thinking no one interested and space limited, throwing outa lot of Kitchen's papers and, apart from his actual patent applications themselves, no tracenow exists of any of Kitchen's own papers or drawings, Kitchen lodging 175 'Provisional PatentApplications' between 1891 and 1936 and carrying 118 of them through to completion.Kitchen, he and his wife described as being both slightly below medium height, who had amoustache, smoked a pipe or occasional cigar and did not drink, was a man of warmth andcharm, a man with a sense of humour and a liking for the odd practical joke, a friendly manwho was liked by everyone, even by those who had lost money investing in some of his failedideas.In 1903, Kitchen entered business in Lancaster with one Ludlow Patton Perkins, they tradinginitially as The Lune Valley Motor Carriage Works and then, in 1906, moving to Lancaster'sWheatfield Street, trading as The Lune Valley Engineering Company, the banks taking over in1920, a liquidator appointed in 1924 and the company finally dissolved in 1929.Perkins, who died in 1928 at the age of 56, had an interesting ancestry for his great-grandfather, Jacob Perkins, born in 1776 in Newburyport, Massachussets, had returned to2
 
England in 1819 and had worked on a high pressure steam engine in 1822, a steam device forprojecting musket balls in 1825 and then, in 1834, had made a working model and patented arefrigerating machine based on that invented by Dr Cullen in 1755, Jacob Perkins creditedwith making the first 'vapour-compression freezing machine'.Rather temptingly for Perkins, the Wheatfield Street Works were immediately to the east of the bridge over the main Euston to Carlisle railway line, Lancaster's County Hotel to the westand Perkins regular transit of the railway bridge reportedly contributing to health problemsand an earlier than expected demise.Whatever the case about Perkins, Kitchen was recognised as a good employer, leaving hiscar outside the works for the local boys to play around and taking them out for trips aroundthe town in it, a BIG deal to the children of that early age of the motor car.Whilst Kitchen had taken out some patents for 'motor and steam vehicle products', twenty of these patents concerned with tyres, others for fluid pressure brakes, air and fluid pumps,acetylene-powered vehicle lamps, steam-powered bicycles and tricycles and motor carradiators, 'The Lune Valley' companies were firmly focused on the design and production of steam boilers and 'portable field cookers', Kitchen patenting a self-heating can for preservedfoods in 1914 and, The War Office disinterested, 'the war over by Christmas', the ideapursued by the Americans, 'self-heating cans' becoming part of the standard emergencyrations issue in WWII, though the principle not necessarily by then credited to Kitchen.Able to raise steam very quickly, the Lune Valley and other similar boilers soon becamestandard in the steam pinnaces of the British and other 'Commonwealth' navies, themanufacture of the 'Lune Valley' boilers licensed to Simpson Strickland and Company of Dartmouth in 1906, Kitchen's own interest in cooking leading him to cook grilled foodunderneath his steam launch's boiler burner flame while steaming round Lake Windermereperhaps giving him the idea for a 'portable fieldcooker' using an adaptation of the boat's 'Lune Valley' burner. The Lune Valley company established in 1903, Kitchen had begun testing out boilers on LakeWindermere, Bowness-on-Windermere boatbuilders Borwick Brothers early involved inKitchen's experiments, these watched with interest by Isaac Henry Storey (1854 - 1925), adirector of Storey Bros. & Co., a well-known firm of printed linoleum manufacturers inLancaster.Storey, reportedly a quiet man, quite like Kitchen in character, who lived at Loughrigg Brow,Ambleside and had similar interests to Kitchen's, was also particularly interested in wirelesstelegraphy and carrying out experiments on controlling boats by radio, some experimentsbeing carried out on his Windermere sailing yacht, the "Electra", named before Marconi'sgave that name to his own 1904-built yacht.Whilst in 1898, at an exhibition in New York's Madison Square Garden, Nikola Tesla (1856 -1943), the mechanical and electrical engineer, had demonstrated how he could control asmall boat by sending signals, on different frequencies, to its different controls, a U.S. patentobtained on his inventions on November 8, 1898 and, in 1903, Leonardo Torres y Quevedo(1852 - 1936), the Spanish airship designer and engineer, had obtained a patent, in France,Spain, Britain and The United States, for his
Telekino
, demonstrated that year at The ParisAcademy of Science, the
Telekino
, a robot that executed commands transmitted byelectromagnetic waves, it seemingly The World's first apparatus for radio control.3

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Tim Swait added this note
Overall an excellent article, I had always thought Jack Kitchen was an admiral in the RN. However I'm the enterprising narrow-boat owner mentioned, and the kitchen rudder on my boat IS NOT from a RN motor cutter. It's all custom made, and I'm now on the second version. There's a video of it here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q-p5ic... Also weed fouling is not a massive problem.
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