Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
150Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
TESIS-CARACTERIZACION DE CELDAS DE FLOTACION DE GRAN TAMAÑO

TESIS-CARACTERIZACION DE CELDAS DE FLOTACION DE GRAN TAMAÑO

Ratings:

5.0

(1)
|Views: 5,642 |Likes:
Published by joselarenas
Hydrodynamic behavior and transport flux has been studied on a 130m3 flotation cell. Experimental measurements were made in the first rougher cell at “El Teniente” copper Concentrator. Mineral mass flow rate in the concentrator with 2 SAG mills reaches 2900 ton/h which are distributed in 4 flotation lines of 7 cells each.
To characterize the cell, 4 studies were conducted, this is, aeration evaluation, particle segregation analysis, mixing regime characterization and froth face recovery estimation.
Aeration evaluation study determined a superficial air velocity equal to 1,5 cm/s measured at froth pulp interface and the existence of rotational flux in the zones delimited by baffles, froth crowder and perimeter concentrate discharge.
Particle segregation analysis in the collection zone reports existence of axial dispersion caused by rotational flux between baffles. This affects mainly thick particles (+150 μm). In the froth face zone, entrapment effect was observed to increase with the proximity to concentrate discharge contaminating the concentrate. Mainly, entrainment affects fine insoluble (-45μm).
By implementing a radioactive trace technique, behavior of 5 classes of tracer, solids and liquid was studied, these allowed to determine mixing time of particles in about 100s, pulp circulation ratio around rotor equal to 4,7 relative to feed and has a flotation number Nf equal to 5, this is, the pulp circulates in average 5 times before living the cell. A semiempiric model of pulp transport flux was developed, simulation was run by using Simulink achieving good agreement with data obtained from radioactive tracers.
Bubble load measurements were made, an average of 26,8 g/l was calculated. Copper grade of particles entering froth face by true flotation is equal to 24,8±1,0 %, the comparison of this result with copper grade on top of froth, equal to 22,9 ±0,2 %, indicates that particle detachment is not a selective process respect to mineralogy. Cell recovery was calculated equal to 62%. Froth recovery was estimated, by using bubble load method, equal to 53% and therefore collection zone recovery is equal to 75%. It was determined that entrainment has low incidence in froth recovery, in the other hand, it has significative incidence in concentrate grade. In consequence entrainment must be lower to optimize flotation process.

Keywords: Froth flotation, Superficial air velocity, air holdup, particle segregation, mixing regime, radioactive tracer, mixing time, circulating ratio, flotation number, pulp transport modelation, froth recovery, bubble load, froth selectivity.
Hydrodynamic behavior and transport flux has been studied on a 130m3 flotation cell. Experimental measurements were made in the first rougher cell at “El Teniente” copper Concentrator. Mineral mass flow rate in the concentrator with 2 SAG mills reaches 2900 ton/h which are distributed in 4 flotation lines of 7 cells each.
To characterize the cell, 4 studies were conducted, this is, aeration evaluation, particle segregation analysis, mixing regime characterization and froth face recovery estimation.
Aeration evaluation study determined a superficial air velocity equal to 1,5 cm/s measured at froth pulp interface and the existence of rotational flux in the zones delimited by baffles, froth crowder and perimeter concentrate discharge.
Particle segregation analysis in the collection zone reports existence of axial dispersion caused by rotational flux between baffles. This affects mainly thick particles (+150 μm). In the froth face zone, entrapment effect was observed to increase with the proximity to concentrate discharge contaminating the concentrate. Mainly, entrainment affects fine insoluble (-45μm).
By implementing a radioactive trace technique, behavior of 5 classes of tracer, solids and liquid was studied, these allowed to determine mixing time of particles in about 100s, pulp circulation ratio around rotor equal to 4,7 relative to feed and has a flotation number Nf equal to 5, this is, the pulp circulates in average 5 times before living the cell. A semiempiric model of pulp transport flux was developed, simulation was run by using Simulink achieving good agreement with data obtained from radioactive tracers.
Bubble load measurements were made, an average of 26,8 g/l was calculated. Copper grade of particles entering froth face by true flotation is equal to 24,8±1,0 %, the comparison of this result with copper grade on top of froth, equal to 22,9 ±0,2 %, indicates that particle detachment is not a selective process respect to mineralogy. Cell recovery was calculated equal to 62%. Froth recovery was estimated, by using bubble load method, equal to 53% and therefore collection zone recovery is equal to 75%. It was determined that entrainment has low incidence in froth recovery, in the other hand, it has significative incidence in concentrate grade. In consequence entrainment must be lower to optimize flotation process.

Keywords: Froth flotation, Superficial air velocity, air holdup, particle segregation, mixing regime, radioactive tracer, mixing time, circulating ratio, flotation number, pulp transport modelation, froth recovery, bubble load, froth selectivity.

More info:

Published by: joselarenas on Nov 24, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/15/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 
Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María
Departamento de Procesos QuímicosBiotecnológicos y AmbientalesDepartamento de Ciencia de Materiales
 
CARACTERIZACIÓN DE CELDAS DE FLOTACIÓN DEGRAN TAMAÑO
TESIS PRESENTADA POR JOSÉ MIGUEL LARENAS MAHNCOMO REQUISITO PARCIAL PARA OPTAR AL TÍTULO DE INGENIERO CIVILMETALÚRGICOYCOMO REQUISITO PARCIAL PARA OPTAR AL GRADO ACADÉMICO DE MAGISTER ENCIENCIAS DE LA INGENIERÍA QUÍMICA CON MENCIÓN EN PROCESAMIENTO DEMINERALES
Profesor Guía: Dr. Juan Yianatos BernardinoValparaíso 2006
 
 
TÍTULO DE LA TÉSIS:
CARACTERIZACIÓN DE CELDAS DE FLOTACIÓN DE GRANTAMAÑO
 AUTOR:
JOSÉ MIGUEL LARENAS MAHN
TRABAJO DE TESIS
, presentado en cumplimiento parcial de los requisitos para el Títulode Ingeniero Civil Metalúrgico y el Grado de Magíster en Ciencias de la IngenieríaQuímica de la Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María.Profesora Dra. Gianna Vellebuona S.Profesor Dr. Juan Yianatos B.Profesor Dr. Luis Bergh O.Profesor Waldo Valderrama R.Valparaíso, Marzo de 2006
 
 A mi Señora, el resplandor de mis ojos y mi alegría.A mi Padre y compañero marinero, mí sostén y guía en la vida.A mi Madre (
in memoriam
), mi luz, mi esperanza.A mi Hermana, mi eterna compañera.

Activity (150)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
elnumero7 liked this
milwarcito liked this
German Reyes liked this
carateka liked this
Ines Benencia liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->