1122 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 18, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2003
A New ZVS-PWM Full-Bridge Converter
, Senior Member, IEEE
, Milan M. Jovanovic´
, Fellow, IEEE
, and Yu-Ming Chang
A full-bridge converter which employs a coupled in-ductor to achieve zero-voltage switching of the primary switchesin the entire line and load range is described. Because the coupledinductor does not appear as a series inductance in the load currentpath, it does not cause a loss of duty cycle or severe voltage ringingacross the output rectifier. The operation and performance of theproposed converter is verified on a 670-W prototype.
Coupled inductor, full bridge converter, phaseshift control, zero voltage switching.
HE full-bridge (FB) zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) PWMconverter shown in Fig. 1 is the most widely usedsoft-switched circuit in high-power applications, –. This
constant-frequency converter features ZVS of the primaryswitches with relatively small circulating energy. The controlof the output voltage at constant frequency is achieved bythe phase-shift technique. In this technique the switchingtransition of switches in the – leg of the bridge is delayed,i.e., phase shifted, with respect to the switching transition of corresponding switches in the – leg. With no phase-shiftbetween the legs of the bridge, no voltage is applied acrossthe primary of the transformer and, consequently, the outputvoltage is zero. On the other hand, if the phase shift is 180 , themaximum volt-second product is applied across the primarywinding, which produces the maximum output voltage. In thecircuit in Fig. 1, ZVS of the lagging-leg switches and isachieved primarily by the energy stored in output filter inductor. Since the inductance of inductor is relatively large,the energy stored in inductor is sufficient to completelydischarge output parasitic capacitances and of switchesand and to achieve ZVS even at very light load currents.However, the discharge of parasitic capacitances andof leading-leg switches and is done by the energystored in leakage inductance of the transformer becauseduring the switching of or , the transformer primaryis shorted by the simultaneous conduction of rectifiersand which carry the output filter inductor current. Sinceleakage inductance is small, the energy stored inis also small so that ZVS of and cannot be achievedeven at relatively high output currents. The ZVS range of theleading-leg switches can be extended to lower load currentsby intentionally increasing the leakage inductance of the
Manuscript received September 4, 2002; revised April 7, 2003. This paperwaspresentedatINTELEC’2002.RecommendedbyAssociateEditorC.K.Tse.Y. Jang and M. M. Jovanovic´ are with the Power Electronics Laboratory,Delta Products Corporation, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 USA (e-mail:email@example.com).Y.-M. Chang is with the Delta Electronics, Inc., Chungli, Taiwan, R.O.C.Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/TPEL.2003.816189(a)(b)Fig. 1. Conventional full-bridge ZVS converter and its key waveforms.
transformer and/or by adding a large external inductance inseries with the primary of the transformer. If properly sized, theexternal inductance can store enough energy to achieve ZVS of the leading-leg switches even at low currents. However at fullload a large external inductance also stores excessive energythat produces large circulating currents, which adversely affects
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