Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
P. 1
Social Factors Affecting Women's Susceptibility to HIV in India

Social Factors Affecting Women's Susceptibility to HIV in India

Ratings: (0)|Views: 11 |Likes:
India is the global epicentre of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. Previous research indicates that the majority of HIV-positive women in India were infected by their husbands, their only sexual partner, which makes them difficult to identify as a high-risk population. This paper assesses social factors associated with the transmission of HIV based on demographic determinants, such as age; sexual risk behavior; and gendered discrimination, such as domestic violence. Bivariate and multivariate analysis of the National Family Health Survey yields the result that women's socioeconomic status could have an association with their serostatus, as HIV-positive women were significantly more likely to have a low level of education than their HIV-negative counterparts. In contrast, female HIV-positive respondents displayed low tendencies toward high-risk sexual behavior, as less than 10% had two or more sexual partners in their lifetime. Finally, they were significantly more likely to have previously experienced domestic violence (45%) and sexual violence (22%) than the general population. Overall, results illustrate that Indian women's vulnerability toward HIV infection may not be the product of their own sexual risk behavior. The most prominent social factors are their socioeconomic status, such as their level of education, and other sociodemographic determinants, including their region of residence.
India is the global epicentre of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. Previous research indicates that the majority of HIV-positive women in India were infected by their husbands, their only sexual partner, which makes them difficult to identify as a high-risk population. This paper assesses social factors associated with the transmission of HIV based on demographic determinants, such as age; sexual risk behavior; and gendered discrimination, such as domestic violence. Bivariate and multivariate analysis of the National Family Health Survey yields the result that women's socioeconomic status could have an association with their serostatus, as HIV-positive women were significantly more likely to have a low level of education than their HIV-negative counterparts. In contrast, female HIV-positive respondents displayed low tendencies toward high-risk sexual behavior, as less than 10% had two or more sexual partners in their lifetime. Finally, they were significantly more likely to have previously experienced domestic violence (45%) and sexual violence (22%) than the general population. Overall, results illustrate that Indian women's vulnerability toward HIV infection may not be the product of their own sexual risk behavior. The most prominent social factors are their socioeconomic status, such as their level of education, and other sociodemographic determinants, including their region of residence.

More info:

Published by: Asian Development Bank Institute on Jun 17, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

09/18/2014

pdf

text

original

 
 LNHE Rdraeob Vlpcr Pcrecs
Pd`eli Jl`tdrs Ljjc`teob Rdgco―s Pus`cpteheiety td MEZ eo Eonel
Vreyl Ilii Od. >=3 Kuoc 86<>
 
Lselo Ncvcidpgcot Hloa Eostetutc
 
 
^mc Rdraeob Vlpcr screcs es l `doteoultedo dj tmc jdrgcriy olgcn Nes`ussedo Vlpcr screcs1 tmc oughcreob dj tmc plpcrs `doteoucn wetmdut eotcrruptedo dr `mlobc. LNHE―s wdraeob plpcrs rcjic`t eoeteli encls do l tdpe` lon lrc pdstcn doieoc jdr nes`ussedo. LNHE co`durlbcs rclncrs td pdst tmcer `dggcots do tmc gleo plbc jdr cl`m wdraeob plpcr (bevco eo tmc `etltedo hcidw). Pdgc wdraeob plpcrs gly ncvcidp eotd dtmcr jdrgs dj puhie`ltedo. Pubbcstcn `etltedo; Ilii, V. 86<>. Pd`eli Jl`tdrs Ljjc`teob Rdgco―s Pus`cpteheiety td MEZ eo Eonel. LNHE Rdraeob Vlpcr >=3. ^dayd; Lselo Ncvcidpgcot Hloa Eostetutc. Lvleilhic; mttp;//www.lnhe.drb/wdraeob-plpcr/86<>/6:/<8/:062.wdgco.sus`cpteheiety.mev.eonel/ Viclsc `dotl`t tmc lutmdr jdr eojdrgltedo lhdut tmes plpcr. Cglei; preyl.ilii=<Fbglei.`dg Vreyl Ilii es l rcsclr`m jciidw lt tmc @cotrc dj Cx`ciico`c jdr Xcsclr`m eo LENP, Soevcrsety dj Glilysel. ^mc vecws cxprcsscn eo tmes plpcr lrc tmc vecws dj tmc lutmdr lon nd odt oc`csslreiy rcjic`t tmc vecws dr pdie`ecs dj LNHE, LNH, ets Hdlrn dj Nerc`tdrs, dr tmc bdvcrogcots tmcy rcprcscot. LNHE ndcs odt bulrlotcc tmc l``url`y dj tmc nltl eo`iuncn eo tmes plpcr lon l``cpts od rcspdoseheiety jdr loy `doscquco`cs dj tmcer usc. ^crgeodidby uscn gly odt oc`csslreiy hc `dosestcot wetm LNH djje`eli tcrgs. Rdraeob plpcrs lrc suhkc`t td jdrgli rcvesedo lon `drrc`tedo hcjdrc tmcy lrc jeoliezcn lon `dosencrcn puhiesmcn.  Lselo Ncvcidpgcot Hloa Eostetutc Alsugeblscae Hueineob =J 0-8-3 Alsugeblscae, @meydnl-au ^dayd <66-:66=, Klplo ^ci; +=<-0-0350-3366 Jlx; +=<-0-0350-332< SXI; www.lnhe.drb C-glei; eojdFlnhe.drb © 86<> Lselo Ncvcidpgcot Hloa Eostetutc
 
 LNHE Rdraeob Vlpcr >=3 Ilii
Lhstrl`t
Eonel es tmc cpe`cotcr dj tmc MEZ/LENP cpencge` eo Lsel. Vrcvedus rcsclr`m eone`ltcs tmlt tmc glkdrety dj MEZ-pdsetevc wdgco eo Eonel wcrc eojc`tcn hy tmcer mushlons, tmcer doiy scxuli plrtocr, wme`m glacs tmcg nejje`uit encotejy ls l mebm-resa pdpuiltedo. ^mes plpcr sccas td lsscss sd`eli jl`tdrs lssd`eltcn wetm tmc trlosgessedo dj MEZ hlscn do ncgdbrlpme` nctcrgeolots, su`m ls lbc1 scxuli hcmlvedr1 lon bconcrcn nes`regeoltedo, su`m ls ndgcste` vedico`c. Xcsclr`m jdr tmes plpcr `dosests dj sc`donlry stlteste`li loliyses dj tmc Oltedoli Jlgeiy Mclitm Purvcy, wme`m `diic`tcn qulotetltevc nltl do ncgdbrlpme` lon sd`edc`dodge` nctcrgeolots jdr loliyses dj mclitm`lrc, ndgcste` lhusc, lon cgcrbeob mclitm essucs. Ls gdst plrte`eplots wcrc tcstcn jdr MEZ ls plrt dj tmc survcy, et prdvencs rcbedoli cstegltcs dj MEZ scrdstltus jdr tmc bcocrli pdpuiltedo eo Eonel. Xcsuits jrdg tmc hevlreltc loliyscs eone`ltc tmlt jdr tmc jcglic plrte`eplots, sd`edc`dodge` stltus mls lo lssd`eltedo wetm scrdstltus, ls MEZ-pdsetevc wdgco wcrc seboeje`lotiy (p96.66<) gdrc ieaciy td mlvc l idw icvci dj cnu`ltedo tmlo tmcer MEZ-ocbltevc `duotcrplrts. Socxpc`tcniy, jcglic MEZ-pdsetevc rcspdoncots nespilycn idw tconco`ecs tdwlrn mebm-resa scxuli hcmlvedr, ls icss tmlo <6% mln twd dr gdrc scxuli plrtocrs eo tmcer iejctegc. Jeoliiy, tmcy wcrc seboeje`lotiy gdrc ieaciy td mlvc prcvedusiy cxpcreco`cn ndgcste` vedico`c (>3%) lon scxuli vedico`c (88%) tmlo tmc rcst dj tmc pdpuiltedo. Jeoneobs jrdg tmc guitevlreltc loliyscs smdw tmlt jcglic rcspdoncots wmd wcrc jdrgcriy glrrecn (DX73.82, @E70.62‐5.6>), Meonu (DX78.03, @E7<.88‐>.3>), dr cgpidycn (DX7<.>3, @E76.5:‐8.<=) mln seboeje`lotiy (p96.63) eo`rclscn dnns dj hceob scrdpdsetevc tmlo tmcer `duotcrplrts. Gdrcdvcr, jcglic plrte`eplots wetm idw icvcis dj cnu`ltedo wcrc 8.8: tegcs ls ieaciy td hc MEZ eojc`tcn, `dgplrcn td tmdsc wmd mln lttconcn sc`donlry dr mebmcr cnu`ltedo eostetutedos (DX78.82, @E7<.>6‐0.:=). Xcsuits eiiustrltc tmlt Eonelo wdgco―s vuiocrlheiety td MEZ eojc`tedo es odt tmc prdnu`t dj tmcer scxuli resa hcmlvedr. ^mc gdst prdgeocot sd`eli jl`tdrs lrc tmcer sd`edc`dodge` stltus, su`m ls tmcer icvci dj cnu`ltedo, lon dtmcr sd`edncgdbrlpme` nctcrgeolots, eo`iuneob tmcer rcbedo dj rcsenco`c.
KCI @ilsseje`ltedo;
 E66, E<5, K<:, X66
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->