So far we have studied problems relating to one variable only i.e. mean of the
distribution of height, SD of weight etc.But many situations arise in which we may
have to study two variables simultaneously, say x and y. For example, the variable
i)The amount of rainfall and yield of a certain crop.
ii)Income and expenditure of certain families.
iii)Price of commodities and amount demanded.
iv)Age and sick days.
Firstly, the data may reveal some association between x and y, and we may be
interested to measure numerically the strength of association between the variables.
The statistical tool with the help of which these relationship between the two variables
is studied is called correlation.
The word \u201ccorrelation\u201d is used to denote
the degree of association between two
variables. If two variables x and y are so
related that variations in the magnitude of
one variable tend to be accompanied by
variations in the magnitude of the other
variable are said to be correlated.
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