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Personality Development

Personality Development

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Published by loveskisses

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Published by: loveskisses on Nov 24, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENTOBSERVATION AND ANALYSISA.FREUD’S PSYCHOANALYTICAL THEORYa.Phallic phaseLittle boys want to sleep with theirmother and become more attached toher.>For the boy, the mother becomes moredesired, while the father is the focus of  jealousy and rivalry, since he is the onewho sleeps with the mother, but still heis one of the main caregivers. The idwants to unite with the mother and killthe father but the ego, based on thereality principle, knows that the father isstronger. The child also feels affectionatetowards the father, one of thecaregivers, and his feelings areambivalent. The fear that the father willobject to the boy’s feelings is expressedby the id as fear that the father willcastrate him. The castration fear is notrational, and occurs in a subconsciousirrational level.B.ERIKSON’S PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORIESa.Initiative vs Guilt The child mimics what he sees in thecartoon show he is watching.>Preschoolers learn through play. Play istheir "work." Children who are givenmuch freedom and opportunity to initiateimaginative and motor play have theirsense of initiative reinforced. Parentswho inhibit their children's imaginativeplay or deride them as silly may causethem to develop a sense of guilt overself-initiated activities.C.PIAGET’S THEORY OF COGNITIVEDEVELOPMENTa.Pre-operationalChildren usually play the role of amommy or a daddy when they areplaying “bahay-bahayan”.>During the preoperational stage,children become increasingly adept atusing symbols, as evidenced by theincrease in playing and pretending.D.KOHLBERG’S THEORY OF MORALDEVELOPMENTa.Pre-conventional LevelStage 2Children share their snacks during recesstime.>E.FOWLER’S THEORY OF SPIRITUALDEVELOPMENTa.Intuitive-ProjectiveF.HAVIGHURST’S THEORY OF

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