PROFESSIONAL ADJUSTMENTETIIICS-Comes from the Greek word Ethos means moral duty
"It studies how people make judgment in regard to right or wrong-It is about making choices that arc best for the individual or society at certain times and particular situation,and then evaluatingsuch and outcomeschoices that arc best for the individual or society at certain times and particular situation, Jnd then e\Jlll.llln);such and outcomesMORALITYsociety[t is a specific way of behavior of accomplishing ethical pmctices[I is the right or wrong, good or evil, proper or improper, cruel or benevolent actsProfessional Ethics. is a branch or moral sciencc conccrned with the obligations that a member of the profession owes to thepublicHealth care Ethics- is the division of ethics that relates to human healthBio-ethics- is a specific domain of ethics that focuscs on moml issues in the field of health careETlIICAL PRINCIPLES & APPROACHESA. TELELOGICAL APPROACH-.L. Comes from the Greek word telos or "goal or end""Thc right thing to do is the good thing to do"
"'. Also termed as the utilitarianism where the good resides in the promotion of happincss or the greJtcslnetincrease of pleasure over pain...j If the act helps people, then 11 is a good one, and i f i t hum people, then 1I:l b:ld one (JosephFletcher)GUIDELINES FOR MAKING ETHICAL DECISIONS:I. Consideration for people as hum:ln beings2. Consider:ltion of consequenccs3. ProporlionJtc good to come from the choices4. Propriety of aClu:ll needs over idea! or potential needs5. A desire to enlarge choices and reduce ehJnee6. A eourJgeous JeceptJnec of the consequences oflhc decisionS. DEONTOLOG1CAL APPROACHComes from the Greek word deon which means duty
"It is only through dutiful actions t hat people have montl worth. Even when individuals do not \\allt to fu
lfilltheir duty, they ne required to do so" (Imman uel Kant)C. VIRTUE ETHICS APPROACH.... Comes from the Creek word arete..L Focuses all the traits and virtues of a good person such as courage, temperance, wisdom and justiceD. DIVINE COMMAND ETHICS-.j.. Based on the theory that there is a supreme or divine being that sets dOl\ II the rulcs to IlrO\'idcguidncc to
moral decisions.NURSING ETHICS.j... Is the examination of all ethical and bio-ethical issues from the prospective of nursing theory andnursing ethics( Johnston)-i- Is the field of nursing that focused on the needs and experiences Gf practicing nurses, the e)."(llorationof itsmeaning and that of ethical practice in terms of the perception oflhese nurses (Vercoe)