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Vedic MathematicsRatings: (0)|Views: 1,183|Likes: 198

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/23052905/Vedic-Mathematics

03/18/2014

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What does mathematics have to do with Hinduism? Well,just as the basic principles of Hinduism lie in theVedas, so do the roots of mathematics.
The Vedas, written around 1500-900 BC, are Vedas, written around 1500-900 BCE, are ancient Indian texts containing a record of human exper ience
and knowledge. Thousands of and dissertations on mathematics. It is now commonly believed and widely accepted that these treatiseslaid down
the foundations of algebra, algorithm, square roots, cube roots, various methods of calculation, and the concept of zero.
Vedic Mathematics"Vedic Mathematics" is the name given to the ancient system of mathematics, or, to be precise, a unique technique of calculations basedon simple
rules and principles, with which any mathematical problem be it arithmetic, algebra, geometry or trigonometry can be solved, hold your breath, orally!

Sutras: Natural Formulae

The system is based on 16 Vedic sutras or aphorisms, which are actually word formulae describing natural ways of solving a whole range of problems.Some examples of sutras are "By one more than the one before", "All from 9 & the last from 10", and "Vertically & Crosswise". These 16one-line
formulaeoriginally written in Sanskrit, which can be easily memorized, enables one to solve long mathematical problems quickly.
Why Sutras?Sri Bharati Krishna Tirtha Maharaj, who is generally considered the doyen of this discipline, in his seminal book Vedic Mathematics, wrote about this

Sutras

: Natural Formulae

The system is based on 16 Vedic

sutras

or aphorisms, which are actually word-formulae describing natural ways of solving a whole range of mathematical problems.Some examples of

are "By one more than the one before", "All from 9 & the lastfrom 10", and "Vertically & Crosswise". These 16 one-line formulae originally written inSanskrit, which can be easily memorized, enables one to solve long mathematicalproblems quickly.

Why

Sutras

?

Sri Bharati Krishna Tirtha Maharaj, who is generally considered the doyen of thisdiscipline, in his seminal book

Vedic Mathematics

, wrote about this special use of verses in the Vedic age: "In order to help the pupil memorize the material assimilated,they made it a general rule of practice to write even the most technical and abstrusetextbooks in

sutras

or in verse (which is so much easier — even for the children — tomemorize)... So from this standpoint, they used verse for lightening the burden andfacilitating the work (by versifying scientific and even mathematical material in a readilyassimilable form)!"Dr L M Singhvi, the former High Commissioner of India in the UK, who is an avidendorser of the system says: "A single sutra would generally encompass a varied andwide range of particular applications and may be likened to a programmed chip of our computer age". Another Vedic maths enthusiast, Clive Middleton of vedicmaths.org feels, "These formulae describe the way the mind naturally works, and are therefore agreat help in directing the student to the appropriate method of solution."

A Simple & Easy System

Practitioners of this striking method of mathematical problem-solving opine that Vedicmaths is far more systematic, coherent and unified than the conventional system. It is amental tool for calculation that encourages the development and use of intuition andinnovation, while giving the student a lot of flexibility, fun and satisfaction. Therefore, it'sdirect and easy to implement in schools — a reason behind its enormous popularityamong educationists and academicians.

The Magic of Vedic Maths - What's This?

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The Magic of Vedic Maths - What's This?

Try These Out!

q

If you want to find the square of 45, you can employ the

Ekadhikena Purvena sutra

("By one more than the one before"). The rule says since the first digit is 4and the second one is 5, you will first have to multiply 4 (4 +1), that is 4 X 5,which is equal to 20 and then multiply 5 with 5, which is 25. Viola! The answer is2025. Now, you can employ this method to multiply all numbers ending with 5.

q

If you want to subtract 4679 from 10000, you can easily apply the

Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah sutra

("All from 9 and the last from 10"). Eachfigure in 4679 is subtracted from 9 and the last figure is subtracted from 10,yielding 5321. Similarly, other

sutras

lay down such simple rules of calculation.

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Vedic Maths Formulae

COROLLARY:Anurupyena

COROLLARY: Sisyate Sesasamjnah

COR: Kevalaih Saptakam Gunyat

COROLLARY: Vestanam

COROLLARY: Yavadunam Tavadunam

COROLLARY:Antyayordashake'pi

COROLLARY:Antyayoreva

10YaavadunamWhatever theextent of itsdeficiency

COROLLARY: Samuccayagunitah

11VyashtisamanstihPart and Whole

COROLLARY:Lopanasthapanabhyam

12Shesanyankena CharamenaThe remainders bythe last digit

13SopaantyadvayamantyamThe ultimate andtwice thepenultimate

COROLLARY: Dhvajanka

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