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hinh chu nhat lop 8

# hinh chu nhat lop 8

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03/18/2014

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M\u00abn To\u00b8n 8
Ch\u00b5o m\u00f5ng c\u00b8c th\u00c7y, c\u00ab gi\u00b8o v\u00d2 d\u00f9 h\u00e9i gi\u00b6ng c\u00f4m
Gi\u00b8o vi\u00aan:
1. \u00a7\u00denh ngh\u00dca:
\u00a79: H\u00d7nh ch\u00f7 nh\u00cbt

H\u00d7nh ch\u00f7 nh\u00cbt l\u00b5 m\u00e9t t\u00f8 gi\u00b8c c\u00e3 b\u00e8n g\u00e3c vu\u00abng.

ABCD l\u00b5 m\u00e9t h\u00d7nh
ch\u00f7 nh\u00cbt<=>
A= B= C= D=
900

H\u00d7nh ch\u00f7 nh\u00cbt l\u00b5 m\u00e9t h\u00d7nh b\u00d7nh h\u00b5nh \u00ae\u00c6c bi\u00d6t,

c\u00f2ng l\u00b5 m\u00e9t
h\u00d7nh
thang
c\u00a9n
\u00ae\u00c6c bi\u00d6t
* Ch\u00f8ng minh:
+
ABCD c\u00e3:
A= C; B= D
=> ABCD l\u00b5 h\u00d7nh b\u00d7nh
h\u00b5nh
( t\u00f8 gi\u00b8c c\u00e3 c\u00b8c g\u00e3c \u00ae
b\u00bbng nhau).
+
ABCD c\u00e3:
AB // CD (c\u00efng vu\u00abng g
v\u00b5 D= C( = 900)
=> ABCD l\u00b5 h\u00d7nh thang

c\u00a9n (h\u00d7nh thang c\u00e3 hai g\u00e3c k\u00d2 m\u00e9t \u00ae\u00b8y b\u00bbng nhau)

C
D
B
A
1. \u00a7\u00denh ngh\u00dca:
\u00a79: H\u00d7nh ch\u00f7 nh\u00cbt

H\u00d7nh ch\u00f7 nh\u00cbt l\u00b5 m\u00e9t t\u00f8 gi\u00b8c c\u00e3 b\u00e8n g\u00e3c vu\u00abng.

ABCD l\u00b5 m\u00e9t h\u00d7nh
ch\u00f7 nh\u00cbt<=>
H\u00d7nh ch\u00f7 nh\u00cbt l\u00b5 m\u00e9t h\u00d7nh b\u00d7nh h\u00b5nh \u00ae\u00c6c bi\u00d6t,
c\u00f2ng l\u00b5 m\u00e9t h\u00d7nh thang c\u00a9n \u00ae\u00c6c bi\u00d6t
A= B= C= D= 900
2. T\u00ddnh ch\u00cat:
C\u00b9nh
:
H\u00d7nh ch\u00f7 nh\u00cbt c\u00e3 c\u00b8c c\u00b9nh \u00ae\u00e8i song song v\u00b5
b\u00bbng nhau.
G\u00e3c:H\u00d7nh ch\u00f7 nh\u00cbt c\u00e3 c\u00b8c g\u00e3c \u00ae\u00e8i b\u00bbng nhau.
ch\u00d0o:

H\u00d7nh ch\u00f7 nh\u00cbt c\u00e3 hai \u00ae\u00ad\u00eang ch\u00d0o b\u00bbng nhau v\u00b5 c\u00bet nhau t\u00b9i trung \u00aei\u00d3m c\u00f1a m\u00e7i \u00ae\u00ad\u00eang.

C
D
B
A