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COMPASS Chapter5

COMPASS Chapter5

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Published by haragaanca

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Published by: haragaanca on Nov 25, 2009
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315
Manual on Human Rights Education with Young People – Council of Europe
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Chapter 5
Background Information on the Global Themes
 
316
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Manual on Human Rights Education with Young People – Council of Europe
Table of contents of this chapter 
 
Children
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
317
Citizenship
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
322
Democracy 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
326
Discrimination and Xenophobia
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
331
Education
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
345
Environment
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
350
Gender equality 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
354
Globalisation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
358
Health
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
362
Human security 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
367
Media
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
372
Peace and Violence
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
376
Poverty 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
382
Social rights
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
386
Sport
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
391Endnotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .396
 
317
Manual on Human Rights Education with Young People – Council of Europe
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 At a rough estimate, there are two thousand million children in the world today, 79 million in the European Union, and 25 million in the countries that are candidates to join the EU.In 1989, the United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which has been ratified by all the countries except the United States of America and Somalia.This convention is a landmark in the history of the rights of the children since it is the firstcompulsory international instrument adopted in this field.
 Why is the Convention on the Rights of the Child so important?
The convention has brought a lot of changes in the field of the protection of the rights of children.1.It is the most widely ratified human rights instrument in the world.2.The convention promotes the “3p’s”. Firstly, it promotes the
 participation
- according to their age condition and maturity - of children in matters that affect their destiny, such asjudicial processes or processes of adoption, with regard to their families and to society as a  whole. It also states rights for their 
 protection
against all forms of abuses, violence and practices that can violate their rights. Finally, similar to any other convention, it
 provides
for rights whichare meant as safeguards against potential violations.3.It considers the children as subject of law instead of object of law. Traditionally, the vastmajority of adults have been educated to perceive children as objects that have to obey adults unconditionally - teachers, priests, parents, doctors, etc. Instead, the conventionpromotes the idea of children as people with rights that have to be respected by adults,society and all the institutions that deal with children’s affairs. Children are entitled to berespected and treated with dignity simply because they are human, whatever their age.4.The best interests of the child should guide all decisions taken - judicial, administrative,etc. - involving a child. It is a hard concept to define and there is a lot of controversy about its exact meaning. In practice, it implies that if, for example, a judge has todecide who will have the custody of a child, they have to examine several aspects of  the child’ life and the adults concerned. In all cases, the best interests of the child are
Related activities
Act it out, page 86.
Ashique’s story, page 91.
Children’s Rights, page 103.
Do we have alternatives?,page 111.
Let every voice be heard,page 153.
Our futures, page 182.
Rights Bingo, page 206.
Children
“Your children are not yourchildren.They are the sons anddaughters of Life’slonging for itself... You may house their bodies butnot their souls,for their souls dwell in thehouse of tomorrow, which you cannot visit, noteven in your dreams.”
Kahlil Gilbran

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