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Adjustable Conveyor for industrial use

Adjustable Conveyor for industrial use

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Published by Bhanu Chander
This topic gives one basic idea for adopting Flexible conveyors in Industries. Furthur work may help for better work
This topic gives one basic idea for adopting Flexible conveyors in Industries. Furthur work may help for better work

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Published by: Bhanu Chander on Nov 25, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/20/2015

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Flexible/Adjustable Conveyor
Abstract:
This paper discuss about a new conveyor system, which iscapable of adjusting its length (increasing/ shortening) according toour requirements. This paper also discuss about the possibleadvantages as well as its disadvantages with discussion about thenecessary requirements.
Introduction:
Continuous conveyors offer some problems, if not in all casesbut may be in some case. This is especially true in situations wherecontinuous automation were carried and the raw material (or theproduct) was taken along a long path, thus demanding a continuousconveyor. In order to have breaks in conveyor path (to permit crossmotion from one side to other) it is required to think for a solution.The present paper discusses about a system vizflexible/adjustable conveyor, which may help to eliminate thedisadvantages due to continuous conveyor
.
Materials:
The expected materials that are required for this system are:1. Hydraulic ram arrangement2. Two large rigid levers3. High tension belt4. Rollers and drive mechanism (motor)5. Levers with suitable guide ways6. Springs/bellows
 
with high stiffness
Construction details:
The proposed system consists of six rollers. The basiccondition is that a set of two rollers (of equal diameters) should beinline and should be guided along that path as shown in the
figure1
.One of the rollers (No.
1
) is driven by a motor, the roller being in oneextreme position and cannot be moved. The other roller (no.
2
) which
 
 
is in line with the previous roller is adjustable, in the sense that it canbe moved towards and away from the fixed roller.Figure 1 General description At a distance equal to sum of the diameters of smaller andlarger rollers (vertically down), two other rollers of relatively smallerdiameters (no.
3 &4
) were positioned inline. Both the rollers werefixed in position and cannot be adjusted (in terms of centre to centredistance).The remaining two rollers are supposed to be of same diameteras that of the previous rollers and should lie along separate guide way.The centers of these rollers are pivoted to the ends of the levers whichare once again pivoted at the ram end. Roller no.
6
is fixed in position
 
while roller no.
5
can be moved towards and away from the otherroller. The entire setup is arranged in an enclosure, so that theenclosing sides act as suitable guides for free rolling of the rollers.
Basic working of the system:
In operation, the motor rotates the roller
1
which then makesthe belt to roll over it. Whenever the length of the roller is to beincreased, the hydraulic ram is operated so that the length of the ramshortens. In this transformation, the levers which are pivoted to theend of the ram come close, thus making the roller
5
to slide along theguide. It is important to note that a high tension spring is compressed
 
 
slightly and placed in the guide inner portion as shown in the figure.Whenever the ram shortens the spring force restores and causes theroller
2
to move away from roller
1,
thus leading to increase in lengthof the conveyor. Spring force should be sufficient enough to keep allthe rollers in position for any load variations.Figure 2Figure 3 shows the schematic arrangement of the guide ways withnecessary arrangementsFigure 3Roller 2 is made to accurately slide along the guides by means of shafts running all through the roller axes, which fit into the slots of the guides as shown in the figure 4.

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