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Sampling and Sampling Distributions

Sampling and Sampling Distributions



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Published by ASHISH
STATISTICS basically analysis of standard errors and different kinds of sampling designs etc
STATISTICS basically analysis of standard errors and different kinds of sampling designs etc

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Published by: ASHISH on Mar 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Population and SamplesPopulation and SamplesParameters and StatisticsParameters and StatisticsTypes of SamplingTypes of Sampling
Simple Random, Stratified, Systematic and ClusterSimple Random, Stratified, Systematic and Clustersampling, sampling distributionssampling, sampling distributions
 Standard errorsStandard errorsSampling from normal and nonSampling from normal and nonnormal populationsnormal populationsCentral Limit TheoremCentral Limit TheoremFinite population MultiplierFinite population Multiplier
Sampling and Sampling DistributionsSampling and Sampling Distributions
Any well defined set (group) of objects about which astatistical enquiry is being made is called a population or universe.The total number of objects (individuals or members) in apopulation is known as the size of the population whichmay be finite or infinite.The population can refer to things as well as people.For example,All members of the cultural society of your city.All students of mathematics of Ithaca college.All Americans who saw 'TITANIC' last year.Heights of all students of your school.Weights of all the citizens of city of Lucknow above 20years of age.Mileages of automobiles tyre of Dunlop. etc
A finite set of objects drawn from the population with an aim iscalled a sample.Even in every day life we make many of our decisions based onsamples taken, though we are not aware of it. I met Jacksonyesterday first time for an hour or two, I concluded that "Jackson iscrazy" which may be wrong.We just take a little from a gunny bag of rice, we judge its quality andthen we purchase the whole bag.If we want to taste milk, we just take a glassful of milk from the canand taste it.Note that taking a sample is easy in many cases where thepopulation is uniform or homogeneous. When the population isheterogeneous (not uniform), the selection of a sample is not veryeasy.

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