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1. EM Fields Lecture Notes

# 1. EM Fields Lecture Notes

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Published by: mwanjess on Nov 25, 2009

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12/13/2012

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MAKERERE UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICALENGINEERNG
ELE3101 ELECTROMAGNETIC FILEDS CLASSNOTES
BYSTEPHEN S. MWANJE
1

CHAPTER 1: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FIELD AND CIRCUITTHEORY
1.1.INTRODUCTION
Conventional circuit theory, where we deal with Voltage, V and Current, I, andfield theory, where we use the field vectors E, D, B, H, and J are inter-related.Consideration of circuits from either point of view gives the same results.However, there are certain inherent assumptions in the circuit theory approach,which become invalid as circuit dimensions and the impressed signal wavelengthbecome comparable. This necessitates either the use of field theory, which is themore general approach or a modification of the circuit theory approach.In this chapter, we shall see how the two are related, and why circuit theory haslimitations. It will be shown that the normal expressions can be obtained usingfield theory, and that Maxwell’s equations, the “four commandmentsof electromagnetic field propagation, can be obtained as generalizations of circuitexpressions.
1.2.CIRCUIT LAWS OBTAINED USING FIELD QUANTITIES(1)Ohm’s law:
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